Ch 1 Intro to Macro Practice in SW

Theories

are sets of interrelated concepts and constructs that provide a framework for understanding how and why something does or does not work.

Models

are prescriptions based on theories that provide direction for the practitioner, whereas approaches are less prescribed.

models and approaches

provide guidelines for action and intervention

systems theory

this theory contends that any entity, whether it is a group, an organization, or a community, has multiple parts. entities can be best understood as systems with interconnecting components. there are resources that systems need in order to function, and t

goals

usually long-term and sometimes idealistic, provide a vision shared by clients and colleagues, a hope of what can be, and the assist the practitioner in maintaining a focus. should be based on the best knowledge available.

outcomes

a measure of a quality of life change (improvement, stasis, or deterioration) for a client

rational planning approach

based on a study of the current situation and a carefully developed and prescribed plan for change that leads to predetermined outcomes

reverse order planning

begin with final results desired and identify tasks that must be completed to achieve the results

professional judgment

derives from the ability to skillfully apply and discern the quality of the best knowledge available in a workable manner

values

strongly held beliefs about what is necessary and worthy that many or most members of a social system perceived to be fundamental to Quality Social Work practice

ethics

guidelines for practice in carrying out values (the operationalization of values)

6 core values of the NASW code of ethics

service, social justice, dignity and worth of the person, importance of human relationships, integrity, and confidence.

social justice

being committed to focused on addressing poverty, discrimination, unemployment, and related issues.challenging Injustice and pursuing social change with and on behalf of oppressed groups