Using Earth's Resources-Human Impact on the Environment

How do you think humans might affect the environment? Check all that apply.

by adding greenhouse gases to the atmosphere.
by polluting the land, water, and air.
by creating landfills

Fossil Fuel

a carbon-containing energy source formed from the decomposition of prehistoric organisms

global warming

an increase in the average temperature on Earth

greenhouse effect

a natural process by which Earth's surface is heated by certain gases in the atmosphere,
helping to maintain the normal range of temperatures on Earth

greenhouse gases

the atmospheric gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect

invasive species

a species that is introduced to a new ecosystem, becomes established in that ecosystem, and threatens local biodiversity

landfill

an area containing buried waste

natural resource

a material that exists in nature and is used by humans

nonrenewable resource

a natural material that is used by humans and cannot be replaced

pollution

the introduction of contaminants into a natural environment

renewable resource

a natural material that is used by humans and can be replaced

sustainable use

the managed consumption of natural resources to prevent their depletion or the destruction of the environment

Identify whether each of the following descriptions are true or false.
To sustain fossil fuel resources, alternative sources of energy should be used.

True

Drip irrigation uses more water and is not helpful in sustaining water use.

false

Limiting erosion, disposing of mining waste, and limiting water pollution from the mine helps sustain land use

true

Deforestation is helpful in sustaining trees

false

Identify which type of pollution is caused by each of the following activities.
mining:
driving cars:
oil spills:

land pollution
air pollution
water pollution

Identify the greenhouse gases that make the greenhouse effect possible. Check all that apply.

water vapor
carbon dioxide
methane

Greenhouse gases absorb radiation from the_______
and re-radiate it back toward the _________,
which helps to maintain a normal range of _________ on Earth.

Earth
Earth
temperature

Which of the following are possible causes of global warming? Check all that apply.
human activity
differences in emitted energy from Earth
natural fluctuations
changes in distance to the Sun
poor measurement

human activity
natural fluctuations

Which of the following are ways that humans increase the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere? Check all that apply.
burning fossil fuels
deforestation
livestock
death of organisms
landfills
agriculture
sewage treatment

burning fossil fuels
deforestation
livestock
landfills
agriculture
sewage treatment

Which of the following are consequences of global warming? Check all that apply.
increased seawater salinity
increased melting ice
increased sea level
decreased ocean water temperature
increased number of species
increased heat-related deaths
decreased gr

increased melting ice
increased sea level
increased heat-related deaths

Select the appropriate term to complete the sentences below.
A _______ is a natural material used by humans that cannot be replaced.
A ________ is a natural material used by humans that can be replaced.

nonrenewable resource
renewable resource

Identify whether each of the following is a renewable or nonrenewable resource.
tree:
coal:
fresh water:
fish:
oil:

renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
renewable resource
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource

Why are invasive species dangerous to the environment? Check all that apply.
They outcompete native species for resources.
They compete for native mates and reproduce slowly.
They cause harm to property that can cause economic loss.
They disrupt food chai

They outcompete native species for resources.
They cause harm to property that can cause economic loss.
They disrupt food chains

What is a landfill? Check all that apply.
It is a pile of trash collected from humans.
It is a structure that isolates waste from the surrounding environment.
It is a dump formed to hold human trash.
It is a planned structure that buries trash in the grou

It is a structure that isolates waste from the surrounding environment.
It is a planned structure that buries trash in the ground.

Why is the roof of the Hearst Tower designed to collect rainwater? Check all that apply.
to reduce the amount of water dumped into the city's sewer system
to replace water lost to evaporation in the office air-conditioning system
to add drinking water to

to replace water lost to evaporation in the office air-conditioning system
to irrigate the plants and trees throughout the building
to humidify and chill the tower's ten-story atrium

What does the Energy Policy Act of 2005 mandate?
All new homes must be built "green."
All new shopping malls must be built "green."
All new federal buildings must be built "green."
All new grocery stores must be built "green.

All new federal buildings must be built "green.

What is green building?
Which of the following did you include in your answer? Check all that apply.

Green building (also known as green construction or sustainable building) refers to both a structure and the using of processes that are environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle: from siting to design, construc

Which of the following are characteristics of green buildings? Check all that apply.
can be reconstructed from existing buildings
create healthy indoor environments for human use
require larger amounts of water to be used
encompass landscaping with native

can be reconstructed from existing buildings
create healthy indoor environments for human use
encompass landscaping with native plants

What is the purpose of the "spine" of vegetation in the Fusionopolis building? Check all that apply.
It insulates the complex in the summer.
It insulates the complex in the winter.
It provides passive cooling in the summer.
It provides passive cooling in

It insulates the complex in the winter.
It provides passive cooling in the summer.

Which describes the greenhouse effect?
an artificial process
a dangerous process
a natural process
a new process

a natural process

Why are invasive species dangerous to the environment?
They pollute the environment.
They are voracious predators.
They threaten biodiversity.
They are nonrenewable.

They threaten biodiversity.

Which water source becomes polluted as it travels over the earth?
ponds
groundwater
oceans
runoff

runoff

Freshwater can be renewed, but environmentalists consider it nonrenewable. Why is there a contradiction in classification?
Water is recycled through the use of irrigation, bathing, and everyday use.
Water is easily polluted or depleted before it can be re

Water is easily polluted or depleted before it can be replaced.

Which consequence of global warming is described as having an increase in growing season, changes in migration, and loss of species?
changing oceans
melting ice
affected human populations
altered ecosystems

altered ecosystems

Which of the following substitutions can help reduce air pollution?
using a bike instead of a car
using dumps instead of landfills
using coal instead of oil
using fireplaces instead of a wind farms

using a bike instead of a car

Which is a sustainable practice?
wind farms
clear cutting
flood irrigation
overfishing

wind farms

What are sustainable use practices?
They are any materials that exist in nature and that are used by humans.
They are the managed consumption of natural resources to prevent their depletion or the destruction of the environment.
They are the deployment of

They are the managed consumption of natural resources to prevent their depletion or the destruction of the environment.

Which is a renewable resource?
oil
wood
iron
coal

wood

Which gases contribute to the greenhouse effect?
nitrogen and helium
carbon dioxide and methane
carbon dioxide and helium
nitrogen and methane

carbon dioxide and methane