Unit 1: Metric System

Kilo

1000 times larger than the basic unit (Ex. Kg)

Hecto

100 times larger than the basic unit (Ex. Hg)

Deka

10 times larger than the basic unit (Ex. Dg)

Unit

Metric Measurements: grams, meters and liters

Deci

metric unit equal to 0.1 of a base unit (Ex. dm)

Centi

metric unit equal to 0.01 of a base unit (Ex. cm)

Milli

A metric unit equal to 0.001 of a base unit (Ex. mL)

Conversion

Change from one metric unit to another by multiplying, dividing, or moving the decimal.

meter (m)

Basic unit of length in the metric system

liter (L)

Basic unit of volume in the metric system

gram (g)

Basic unit of mass in the metric system

Temperature

How hot or cold something is

Balance

Tool used to measure mass

Graduated Cylinder

Tool used to measure volume

Mass

The amount of matter in an object (Ex.grams)

Length X Width X Height

Volume of a rectangular object

Weight

The amount of gravity pulling down on an object (Ex. pounds)

Metric System

Standardized system of measurement based on the number 10

Water displacement

used to calculate the volume of irregular shaped objects - place in water and see how much the water rises