Structural Pest Control Applicator's Training Program: General Category Manual Study Questions

If unsupervised, you must have a license to legally work with restricted pesticides, but not to work with state-limited pesticides.

False

To legally perform structural pest control, you must have a license regardless of the kinds of pesticides you use.

True

Which is not an agency that shares responsibility for pesticide applicator training, certification and licensing?
a. Texas Department of Agriculture (TDA)
b. Texas Structural Pest Control Service
c. Texas AgriLife Research

c. Texas AgriLife Research

Which license must be obtained by a person who wants to perform pest control as an employee at a privately owned apartment building or Hospital?
a. A business license from the SPCS
b. A noncommercial license from the SPCS
c. A private license from either

b. A noncommercial license from the SPCS

To work for hire, using restricted or state-limited pesticides on another person's land, you must have:
a. A business license from the TDA
b. A commercial license from the TDA
c. A private license from the TDA
d. All of the above

b. A commercial license from the TDA

All licensed commercial and noncommercial applicators must be certified in each application category in which the practice.
a. True
b. False

True

Which of the following is not among the TDA application categories?
a. Right of Way
b. Predatory animal
c. Wood preservation
d. Fumigation

c. Wood preservation ( It's on the SPCS categories)

Which of the following is not among the SPCS application categories?
a. Termite
b. Seed treatment
c. Wood preservation
d. commodity fumigation

b. Seed treatment

Which of the following state agencies is not involved in pesticide regulation?
a. Texas Department of Agriculture
b. Texas AgriLife Extension Service
c. Texas Commission on Environmental Quality

b. Texas AgriLife Extension Service

Under the Texas Pesticide Law, pesticides used in this state must be registered with the Texas Department of Agriculture, even if they are already registered with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
a. true
b. false

True

_________________ _____________________ is your responsibility to inform nearby residents or adjacent landowners before you apply pesticides.

prior notification

In addition to state government, even county commissioners courts may set rules on the use of certain pesticides.
a. true
b. false

True

Even with a commercial applicator license, you still must obtain a spray permit before using regulated herbicides.
a. true
b. false

True

Specialty fertilizer in containers with capacities of 50 pounds or less that are labeled for ornamental and turf use are exempt from classification as state-limited-use pesticides or regulated herbicides.
a. true
b. false

True

The Texas Structural Pest Control Act requires you to give public notice at least _____ hours before commencing indoor pesticide treatments.

48

Which agency enforces the Texas Solid Waste Disposal Act?
a. Texas Department of Agriculture
b. Texas Commission on Environmental Quality
c. Texas Commission on Aging
d. Texas Hazardous Waste Commission

b. Texas Commission on Environmental Quality

What is the full name and acronym of the federal agency that regulates pesticides?
a. U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
b. Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP)
c. Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Agency (FIFRA)
d. Environmental Protection

d. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

What is the full name and acronym of the law used to manage pesticides?
a. Federal Insecticide Act (FIA)
b. Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Agency (FIFRA)
c. Federal Environmental Pesticide Control Act (FEPCA)

b. Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Agency (FIFRA)

Which of the things below is not something the EPA must do before a pesticide may be marketed in the U.S.?
a. Approve each use
b. Assign a product registration number
c. Consult the office of pesticide programs

c. Consult the office of pesticide programs

Which two answers are penalties defined by FIFRA for applicators who violate the law?
a. Civil penalties when the violation is unintentional
b. Criminal penalties when the violation is unintentional
c. Criminal penalties when the law is knowingly violated

A and C

Does FIFRA allow prison terms for criminal (intentional) violators?
a. Yes, up to 1 year for private and commercial applicators
b. No, FIFRA sets fines only
c. Yes, up to 30 days for private applicators and up to 1 year for commercial applicators
d. Not f

c. Yes, up to 30 days for private applicators and up to 1 year for commercial applicators

What are regulations?
a. Interpretations of the law that have the force of law
b. Interpretations of the law intended only as a guide
c. Exceptions to the law

a. Interpretations of the law that have the force of law

What is meant by the term "reentry interval"?
a. The time right after pesticide application when protected workers may not enter the treated area
b. The time during pesticide application when unprotected workers may not stay in the treated area.
c. The ti

c. The time right after pesticide application when unprotected workers may not enter the treated area

Of the following statements about the EPA rules on warning to workers, which is not true?
a. Warnings of pesticide application must be timely and appropriate
b. Warnings of pesticide application must be in the language understood by the workers
c. Warning

c. Warnings of pesticide application must be given in writing

What is EPA's pesticide registration decision based on?
a. EPA evaluation of test data provided by the manufacturer
b. The manufacturer's evaluation of test data
c. EPA evaluation of test data provided by certified applicators

a. EPA evaluation of test data provided by the manufacturer

If the EPA decides that a pesticide poses a risk to workers, what can the EPA do?
a. Set reentry intervals to restrict workers from entering a treated area
b. Set restrictions on formulation or application rates
c. Require verbal or written warnings to wo

d. All of the above

If the EPA decides that a pesticide poses a risk to consumers, what can the EPA do?
a. Require longer pre-harvest intervals so pesticide residues will break down
b. Set restrictions on the frequency of application and rates
c. Cancel or suspend use of the

d. All of the above

Which federal agency sets food tolerances for pesticides?

EPA

Which federal agency enforces food tolerances for pesticides?

FDA

What is the purpose of the tolerance program?
a. To ensure that U.S. consumers are not exposed to any pesticide residues in food
b. To ensure that U.S. consumers are not exposed to unsafe pesticide residue levels in food
c. To ensure that U.S. consumers c

b. To ensure that U.S. consumers are not exposed to unsafe pesticide residue levels in food

Which act is administered by the EPA to manage all hazardous waste?
a. Occupational Safety and Health Act
b. Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act
c. Resource Conservation and Recover Act
d. Transportation Safety Act

c. Resource Conservation and Recover Act

How can triple-rinsed, used pesticide containers be disposed of?
a. In any sanitary landfill
b. In an EPA-approved sanitary landfill
c. In a private landfill

b. In an EPA-approved sanitary landfill

What kind of pesticide standards does FIFRA allow states to establish?
a. less strict than federal standards
b. Stricter than federal standards
c. Only the same standards as FIFRA

b. Stricter than federal standards

Which agency administers the Hazard Communication Standard?
a. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
b. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
c. Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Board (FFDCB)
d. Occupational Safety and Health Administration

d. Occupational Safety and Health Administration

Pesticide applicators generate waste during normal work operations. Which of the items below is not "regulated waste" under the Federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)?
a. Triple-rinsed used containers
b. Excess pesticide and pesticide dilut

a. Triple-rinsed used containers

Regulations interpreting the Transportation Safety Act are contained in 49 CFR. What do these regulations cover?
a. Some safety aspects of transporting hazardous materials, such as packing, labeling, marketing and placarding of such materials.
b. Most saf

c. All safety aspects of transporting hazardous materials

What is the act SARA Title III designed to do?
a. Inform communities of hazardous chemicals in the area and provide for community emergency response plans in the event of an accident.
b. Protect endangered species from pesticides
c. Require employers to k

a. Inform communities of hazardous chemicals in the area and provide for community

What is an endangered species?
a. A plant or animal that may not be harvested or hunted, except as allowed by law
b. A plant or animal that is in danger of extinction throughout all or much of its range
c. An animal whose habitat has been severely damaged

b. A plant or animal that is in danger of extinction throughout all or much of its range

Which federal agency determines what species are endangered?
a. The U.S. Department of Agriculture
b. Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) of the EPA
c. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) of the department of the Interior

c. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) of the department of the Interior

Who ultimately bears the responsibility for protecting endangered species from pesticides?
a. The federal government
b. The state government
c. Conservationists
d. You, the applicator

d. You, the applicator

Which two routes of entry are likely to be the most important to you?
a. Dermal and oral
b. Dermal and inhalation
c. Inhalation and oral
d. None of the above

b. Dermal and inhalation

Which factor affects the toxicity of a pesticide?
a. Route of entry
b. Frequency and duration (rate) of exposure
c. Dose received
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

An example of a chronic effect is the drop in ____________________, an essential body enzyme, caused by organophosphates and carbamates.

cholinesterase

_____________ affects occur at the site of contact with a pesticide while _______________ occur away from the point of contact.

local, systemic

Skin rash, nausea, eye irritation and dizziness are examples of ___________________ toxic effects

reversible

LD50 means "Lethal Dose Fifty". It refers to the amount of a chemical that kills ___________ the animals exposed to it in a laboratory test.

half (50%)

The smaller the LD50 value, the less chemical required to be fatal, o the more poisonous the pesticide.
a. true
b. false

True

Acute oral toxicity and acute dermal toxicity are measured as LD50. The higher the LD50 the _____________ toxic the pesticide.
a. more
b. less

Less

How is LD50 used?
a. LD50 is used with other tests to place pesticides in a "toxic category" and give them a "signal word"
b. LD50 is used to compare the toxicity of different chemicals
c. LD50 is used to tell how a chemical acts and how sensitive differe

a. LD50 is used with other tests to place pesticides in a "toxic category" and give them a "signal word

LC50 means "Lethal ________________ Fifty". It refers to the amount of a chemical in the air that caused half of the test animals to die when they inhaled it.

concentration

Six milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) is equal to ____________ parts per million.

six

What signal word must be on the label for pesticides classified as "Relatively non-toxic"
a. CAUTION!
b. DANGER!
c. WARNING!

a. CAUTION

What signal word must be on the label for pesticides classified as "Highly toxic"?
a. CAUTION!
b. DANGER!
c. WARNING!

b. DANGER!

What signal word must be on the label for pesticides classified as "Slightly toxic"?
a. CAUTION!
b. DANGER!
c. WARNING!

a. CAUTION!

What signal word must be on the label for pesticides classified as "Moderately toxic"?
a. CAUTION!
b. DANGER!
c. WARNING!

c. WARNING!

The toxicity of a substance is its ability to cause injury, while _________________ is the risk or chance that harm will come from using the pesticide.

hazard

Is a highly toxic material always very hazardous?
a. No, if a highly toxic material is handled properly it could actually pose low risk or hazard.
b. Yes, no matter how it is handled a highly toxic material is always hazardous.

a. No, if a highly toxic material is handled properly it could actually pose low risk or hazard

Which of the statements below is not true about a pesticide deposit?
a. A deposit is a pesticide that remains on treated surfaces right after application
b. Pesticide deposits may or may not be seen easily.
c. Most deposits remain on surfaces for a very l

c. Most deposits remain on surfaces for a very long time.

Which of the statements below is not true about a pesticide residue?
a. Some residues may remain for months or years
b. Residue information is required for each crop you treat.
c. Residues are found only on target crops and surfaces

c. Residues are found only on target crops and surfaces

A ________________ is the maximum amount of pesticide residue allowed on a harvested crop, set by the EPA.

tolerance

Can a harvested crop contain more than the set tolerance of a pesticide and still be legally sold?
a. No, it cannot be legally sold.
b. Yes, it may be sold if it is not condemned or seized
c. Yes, it may be sold if it is identified as contaminated

a. No, it cannot be legally sold.

What margin of safety ("safety factor") does the EPA use to set tolerances?
a. 10 times
b. 100 times
c. 1,000 times

b. 100 times

Food may have no residues at all because the residues may have degraded or the crop may have been treated with a minimum dose of the pesticide.
a. true
b. false

True

Soil and plant surfaces may contain pesticide residue even when they are not directly sprayed with pesticide.

True

EPA sets two kinds of tolerances: __________ & __________ for pesticides that indirectly contact food; and tolerances for pesticides applied directly to food.

negligible residue & finite

Preslaughter interval" or "preharvest interval" refers to the __________ number of days allowed between the last pesticide application and the slaughter or harvest day.
a. least
b. most

a. least

No pesticide may be bought, sold or used in the United States until it has a federal registration for the product, the use and the label.
a. True
b. False

True

Sometimes even small environmental changes can greatly reduce the chances of survival for fish and wildlife.
a. true
b. false

True

When a pesticide evaporates and moves off target, this is called ____________________.

vapor drift

Which of these factors does not influence drift?
a. particle size
b. pollution
c. nozzle design and orientation
d. temperature

b. pollution

Which of these additional factors does not influence drift?
a. Humidity
b. Height of release
c. Wind speed and direction
d. Reentry interval

d. Reentry interval

Why should honeybees be protected?
a. Because they are the most important beneficial insect
b. Because poisoned bees are more dangerous to people and animals.
c. Because their work as pollinators is necessary for crop production

c. Because their work as pollinators is necessary for crop production

Pesticide residues can build up in the bodies of animals, including man.
a. true
b. false

True

Only pesticides that are applied incorrectly are likely to move downward with rain or irrigation water into the water table below.
a. true
b. false

False

A pesticide becomes a pollutant and potentially dangerous when it is applied at a higher does than recommended on the label or when it drifts off target.
a. true
b. false

True

How should you change pressure to reduce liquid droplet drift?
a. Reduce pressure to increase droplet size
b. Increase pressure to increase droplet size
c. Reduce pressure to reduce droplet size
d. Increase pressure to reduce droplet size

a. Reduce pressure to increase droplet size

What are the possible consequences of pesticide drift onto forage and pastureland or into drinking water?
a. People, pets and livestock can be injured by pesticide exposure.
b. Pasture grasses could be destroyed
c. Milk or meat could have illegal residues

e. All of the above

Pesticide pollution can help a pest you are trying to destroy by killing predators and parasites of the pest.
a. true
b. false

True

An __________ is a geologic formation of permeable rock, sand or gravel that stores large amounts of water.

aquifer

Why are aquifers important?
a. Because they are the main water supply for manufacturing industries
b. Because so many people use water from aquifers for drinking
c. Because building and maintaining them provides jobs

b. Because so many people use water from aquifers for drinking

What is the name given to the complex prey/predator cycle in which all animals (including man) take part?
a. Food Chain
b. Habitat
c. Ecosystem

a. Food Chain

The best protection against groundwater pollution is ___________.
a. Preventing contamination.
b. Stopping irrigation
c. Cleaning groundwater after contamination

a. Preventing contamination

At what level is man in the food chain?
a. Near the bottom
b. Near the middle
c. Near the top

c. Near the top

An _____________ pesticide is one that builds up in animals and plant tissues.

accumulative

A ____________ pesticide is one that remains in the environment without breaking down.

persistent

Even though persistent pesticides remain in the environment, they do not always accumulate in animals or plants.
a. true
b. false

True

An __________________ is a plant or animal that is near extinction throughout all or most of its range.

endangered species

Which of the following is not a process that causes pesticides to break down after application?
a. Photo degradation
b. Microbial degradation
c. Chemical degradation
d. Atmospheric degradation

d. Atmospheric degradation

Pesticides that degrade ______________ in the environment are the least hazardous.
a. Slowly
b. Quickly
c. At a moderate rate

b. Quickly

Which is not a reason why pesticide accidents occur?
a. Lack of up-to-date knowledge
b. Unsafe handling practices
c. Reading and understanding pesticide labels

c. Reading and understanding pesticide labels

If you or your partner feels sick on the job, should you leave the work undone or try to finish it?
a. Always try to finish the job unless there is an emergency or you are working alone and feel as though you might faint.
b. If you or any other worker fee

b. If you or any other worker feels sick, do not try to finish the job. Get out of the area immediately and get help

How should you clean your washing machine after laundering pesticide soiled clothing?
a. Run a complete, but empty cycle using hot water and detergent.
b. Clean the inside of the machine by hand
c. Run a rinse cycle only

a. Run a complete, but empty cycle using hot water and detergent.

The safest way to move pesticides is in the back of a truck that has a steel bed with enclosed sides and a tail gate.
a. true
b. false

True

You should wear a wide-brimmed, chemical-resistant, waterproof hat (not a cap) when you are exposed to pesticide drift.
a. true
b. false

True

You should store all clean protective equipment and clothing separately from stored pesticides.
a. true
b. false

True

When you plan to work with pesticides, where should you look for information about the protective clothing you need?
a. In the American Chemical User's Handbook
b. On the pesticide label
c. In your pesticide applicator training manuals

b. On the pesticide label

During pesticide handling, you should wear both gloves and boots made of chemical resistant material.
a. true
b. false

True

You should wear protective clothing when you are exposed to pesticide drift, but hardly ever when you are mixing and filling pesticides.
a. true
b. false

False

When filling a spray tank, you should always stand with your head above the container and the filling hole of the spray tank.
a. true
b. false

True

How should you prepare for an accidental spill of a pesticide?
a. Have some kind of absorptive material available
b. Have bleach or hydrated lime for decontamination
c. Keep soap, detergent and water close at hand
d. Have a change of clothes available
e.

e. All of the above

If a nozzle clogs up while you are spraying pesticides, the best way to clear it is to blow the nozzle out with your mouth.
a. true
b. false

False

If the pesticide is not too toxic, is it OK to let children and pets play in the area while you are spraying there?
a. Yes, if the pesticide is not too toxic, children and pets may play in the area
b. Pets may be allowed to play in the area, but not child

c. Never let children or pets play in a treatment area during spraying

When you are spraying near bee colonies, it is up to the owners alone to keep the bees out of your way or to remove the bees.
a. true
b. false

False

How can you prevent accidents commonly cause by equipment?
a. Choose the safest equipment for your pesticide application needs.
b. Do not allow children or unauthorized people near pesticide equipment
c. Operate the equipment correctly
d. Maintain equipme

e. All of the above

The length of time that should pass between treatment and returning to the treated area is called the _______________________.

reentry interval

Regardless of the reentry interval stated on the label, you may reenter a treated site after sprays dry, dusts settle and vapors disperse.
a. true
b. false

False

What is the most common cause of pesticide poisoning for applicators?
a. Inhalation
b. Skin contact
c. Swallowing

b. Skin contact

When should you wear elbow-length, chemical-resistant gloves?
a. When handling any pesticide
b. When handling any pesticide, except certain fumigants and relatively non-toxic products
c. Only when working overhead

b. When handling any pesticide, except certain fumigants and relatively non-toxic products

Why not use cotton or leather gloves when handling highly toxic pesticides?
a. Because you might stain them
b. Because they absorb pesticide and hold it close to your skin
c. Because they reduce your dexterity, thus increasing the chances of an accident

b. Because they absorb pesticide and hold it close to your skin

You must always wear a chemical-resistant suit when handling highly toxic pesticides.
a. true
b. false

True

How often should you wash your contaminated overalls?
a. Weekly
b. Daily
c. Never-throw them away after they become contaminated

b. Daily

Should you ever wash the inside of your boots?
a. Yes, after each use
b. Yes, at least weekly
c. No - you might spread pesticide from the outside to the inside of the boot

a. Yes, after each use

When is it necessary to wear goggles or a full face shield?
a. Whenever pesticide could contact your eyes.
b. When you pour or mix concentrates
c. When you work with a highly toxic spray or dust
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

Which type of hat is useful to protect your head and neck from highly toxic pesticides?
a. Chemical-resistant rain hat
b. Washable hard hat with no liner
c. Certain wide-brimmed hats
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

Are cotton or felt hats adequate head protection against highly toxic pesticides?
a. yes
b. no

No

How do you know if a respirator is necessary?
a. If there is a strong odor
b. If you feel lightheaded
c. If the pesticide label says so

c. If the pesticide label says so

When must you always wear a respirator?
a. Anytime you apply pesticides indoors
b. Whenever mixing or filling highly toxic pesticides
c. Only when you choose to

b. Whenever mixing or filling highly toxic pesticides

Applicators who will be constantly exposed to small amounts of toxic pesticides for a day or several days should wear a respirator.
a. true
b. false

True

When are cartridge respirators often used?
a. For relatively short exposure period to concentrated chemicals
b. For a long exposure period to low concentrations of toxic chemicals
c. Both A and B
d. Neither A nor B

c. Both A and B

What is the main drawback of cartridge respirators?
a. Leakage around the face shield
b. discomfort
c. The expense of the cartridge

a. Leakage around the face shield

Gas masks are used when the applicator will be exposed to toxic fumes in heavy concentrations of for long periods of time.
a. true
b. false

True

When should gas masks be used with an independent oxygen supply?
a. When you are exposed to unknown vapors
b. When you reenter a fumigated area
c. Both A and B
d. Neither A nor B

c. Both A and B

Should you try to fit the respirator so that some air can leak in around your face?
a. yes
b. no

No

When should you replace the filter on your respirator?
a. After each use
b. Weekly
c. When it becomes dirty or breathing becomes difficult

c. When it becomes dirty or breathing becomes difficult

How often should you change the cartridges on your respirator?
a. Every 8 hours
b. Every 24 hours
c. Every 48 hours

a. Every 8 hours

To safely clean and store a respirator: Wash the face piece with detergent and warm water. Rinse. Wipe dry with clean cloth. Store in a tightly closed plastic bag.
a. true
b. false

True

When handling highly toxic pesticides...
a. You can work safely alone for up to 4 hours
b. You should always work in pairs
c. You should always work in teams of at least 3

b. You should always work in pairs

If you wash your face and hands first, it is alright to have a snack or a chew of tobacco while you are on the job.
a. true
b. false

True

You may wear pesticide soaked clothing again, without laundering, as soon as the clothes dry.
a. true
b. false

False

Cholisesterase tests show whether you have been overexposed to ___________________ or ____________________ pesticides.

carbamate, organophosphate

You should wash your gloved hands before removing the gloves.
a. true
b. false

True

Natural rubber gloves protect against _________________________.
a. Liquid formulations
b. Dry formulations
c. Both liquid and dry formulations

b. Dry formulations

They symptoms of pesticide poisoning are very different from all other types of poisoning.
a. true
b. false

False

A person exposed often to small amounts of toxic material over a long time usually shows the same poisoning symptoms as a person exposed suddenly to large amounts of toxic materials.
a. true
b. false

True

Because each chemical family can attack the body in a different way, the symptoms of pesticide poisoning are not all the same.
a. true
b. false

True

What are some of the symptoms of mild poisoning?
a. headache, fatigue, sore throat
b. vomiting
c. fainting, dizziness

a. headache, fatigue, sore throat

The symptoms of mild poisoning are similar to the early symptoms of acute poisoning.
a. true
b. false

True

What are some signs of severe or acute poisoning?
a. Fever, intense thirst, vomiting
b. Muscle twitches, pinpoint pupils
c. Unconsciousness
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

What are the three major chemical families?
a. Insecticides, fungicides and rodenticides.
b. Organophosphates, carbamates and chlorinated hydrocarbons
c. Broad spectrum, narrow spectrum and systemic

b. Organophosphates, carbamates and chlorinated hydrocarbons

What is the very first thing to do when someone has been poisoned?
a. If you are alone with the victim, make sure he is breathing and not further exposed to poison
b. Call an ambulance or doctor
c. Call poison control center
d. A and B

d. A and B

Your doctor should know which pesticides you normally use so he or she can obtain the _______ and keep it on hand

antidote

If poison is on the victims skin or in his eyes, it is most important to wash the victim with large amounts of running water.
a. true
b. false

True

When someone inhales poison, wear and air-supplied respirator if necessary to protect yourself and immediately carry the victim to fresh air.
a. true
b. false

True

If a person has swallowed a poison, you should make him vomit, except when...
a. The victim is unconscious or in convulsions
b. The victim has swallowed a corrosive poison
c. The victim has swallowed a petroleum product
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

In many cases, swallowed poisons can be absorbed by __________ which is mixed with water into a thick syrup for the victim to drink

activated charcoal

Atropine tablets can be poisonous if misused. You should never use them to prevent poisoning.
a. true
b. false

True

Which of the following is not a sign of shock?
a. Skin that is pale, cold and clammy
b. Vacant eyes with dilated pupils
c. Irregular breathing and pulse
d. Delirium

d. Delirium

Which of the following is not a treatment for shock?
a. keeping the victim flat on his back, with legs raised
b. Gently shaking the victim to keep him conscious
c. Keeping the victim warm enough to prevent shivering

b. Gently shaking the victim to keep him conscious

What is the best source for important information on all types of poisonings and their treatment?
a. Pesticide manufactures
b. The Red Cross
c. Poison Control Center
d. The Department of Human Health

c. Poison Control Center

Which of the following does not describe integrated pest management?
a. IPM combines several pest control tactics
b. IPM is an anti-pesticide approach to pest control
c. IPM is a way to anticipate and prevent pests from reaching damaging numbers
d. IPM ac

b. IPM is an anti-pesticide approach to pest control

Which of the following is a benefit of IPM?
a. IPM reduces pesticide hazards to people, wildlife and the environment.
b. IPM can save money for farmers, ranchers and homeowners.
c. IPM helps prevent insects, pathogens and weeds from developing resistance

d. All of the above

The four basic steps or parts of IPM are ______ tactics, monitoring, assessment and __________tactics.

preventative, remedial

_______________, also called scouting, involves early pest detection and proper pest identification.

monitoring

Which of the following is not part of assessment in IPM?
a. Judging the potential for pest population to reach an intolerable level
b. Forecasting weather conditions that favor disease and insect pests
c. Carrying out control measures to manage pests

c. Carrying out control measures to manage pests

Why is proper identification of pests so important?
a. It enables you to treat the real source of a problem a problem and not just the symptoms.
b. it enables you to avoid injury to non-target organisms
c. It helps you select the right pesticide for the j

d. All of the above

In IPM, economic thresholds represent........
a. The most money you can afford to spend to control a pest population.
b. The most damage a pest population can do without causing economic loss
c. The difference between the cost of pest control and the cost

b. The most damage a pest population can do without causing economic loss

Which of the following are methods of controls used in IPM?
a. Biological, chemical and cultural
b. Genetic, mechanical and physical
c. Preventive measures, monitoring and assessment
d. a and b

d. a and b

The four basic steps or parts of IPM are ______, ________, action and __________.

inspection, assessment, action and reinspection

_______________, also called monitoring, involves early pest detection and evaluation of previous control strategies.

reinspection

Which of the following is NOT part of assessment in IPM?
a. Determining what type of pest is causing the problem
b. Implementing a control strategy
c. Determining the presence and infestation level of a pest

b. Implementing a control strategy

Why is proper identification of pests so important?
a. Because it enables you to treat the real source of a problem and not just the symptoms.
b. Because it enables you to avoid injury to non-target organisms
c. Because it helps you select the right pesti

d. All of the above

Which of the following are types of controls used in IPM?
a. biological, chemical and cultural controls
b. Sanitation, structural modification and physical barriers
c. Preventative measures, monitoring and assessment.
d. a and b

dd. a and b

A pest is considered anything that.....
a. Injures humans, animals, crops, structures or possessions.
b. Competes with humans, domestic animals or crops for food or water
c. Spreads disease to humans, domestic animals or crops.
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

______________ percent of all insects are considered pests.

One

Name the three main body parts of an insect.
a. Head thorax, abdomen
b. Head, body, legs
c. Head, abdomen, wings

a. Head, thorax, abdomen

Which of the following is an insect?
a. Centipede
b. Sowbug
c. Mite
d. None of the above

d. None of the above

Diseases are caused by biological agents called ___________________.

pathogens

Which of the organisms are associated with plant disease?
a. Bacteria and viruses
b. Amoebas and algae
c. Fungi and nematodes
d. All of the above
e. a and c

e. a and c

Some weeds can be pests by..........
a. Causing hay fever in people
b. Poisoning animals that eat them
c. Hindering fish growth and reproduction
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

Which of the following types of plants lives more than 2 years?
a. Annual
b. Perennial
c. Biennial

b. Perennial

What does the term vertebrate mean?
a. Animals with wings
b. Animals with jointed backbones
c. Animals that walk upright (Vertically)

b. Animals with jointed backbones

Which is an example of a vertebrate pest?
a. Rodents
b. Flies
c. Arachnids

a. Rodents

A __________ is any chemical used to control pests.

pesticide

Insecticide is just another word for pesticide.
a. true
b. false

False

How does a systemic insecticide act on the pest?
a. A systemic flows inside a treated plant and kills the pest when the pest eats the plant
b. A systemic enters the pest and attacks only a particular body system such as the pest's nervous system.
c. A sys

a. A systemic flows inside a treated plant and kills the pest when the pest eats the plant

The effect on beneficial insects is a primary concern when choosing a broad spectrum insecticide.
a. true
b. false

True

Contact insecticides offer safety advantages in homes, while residual insecticides are useful when the insects are a constant problem.
a. true
b. false

True

Miticides are very similar in action and application to __________________.
a. Fungicides
b. Herbicides
c. Insecticides

b. HerbicidS

Of the two types of fungicides, _______ prevent plant diseases and ___________ cure plant diseases.

protectants, eradicants

Eradicants often are used......
a. When protectants are too expensive or not available
b. When protectants have not been applied on time
c. When a disease breaks out unexpectedly
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

Would you choose a selective or non-selective herbicide for weed control in a park?
a. Selective
b. Nonselective

a. Selective

With herbicide applications, preplant means before the desired vegetation is planted. ______________ means before the wees appear and ____________ means after both the desired vegetation and weed appear.

preemergence, postemergence

Nematodes are.......
a. Fungal growths on roots
b. Tiny worm-like organisms.
c. Small frogs that secrete a toxic chemical

b. Tiny worm-like organisms

A ___________________ inhibitor kills immature insects by interfering with their growth and molting.

chitin synthesis

Insect growth regulators attack a growth process found only in insects so these chemicals are generally harmless to humans and other vertebrates.
a. true
b. false

True

Although repellents should be used according to their labels, they are not registered like other pesticides with the EPA.
a. true
b. false

False

The words "keep out of reach of children" must appear on all pesticide labels.
a. true
b. false

True

If a pesticide label has no instructions about protective equipment you need no protective equipment while using the pesticide.
a. true
b. false

False

Even if your intended use is not listed on the pesticide label, it is legal to use the pesticide anyway when you are sure it will work.
a. true
b. false

False

Although the EPA registers pesticide labels, it does not require manufacturers to submit labels for registration.
a. true
b. false

False

Many common chemical names exist but only those officially accepted by the EPA may be included on a labels ingredient list.
a. true
b. false

True

Highly toxic products must care the signal word__________.
a. DANGER
B. WARNING
C. POISON
D. CAUTION

a. DANGER

Products with the signal word DANGER may also have a skull and crossbones symbol and the word __________ in red.

poison

The signal word _________________ is required on labels for moderately toxic products.
a. DANGER
B. WARNING
C. POISON
D. CAUTION

B. WARNING

All labels for slightly toxic pesticides must carry the signal word ________________________.
a. DANGER
B. WARNING
C. POISON
D. CAUTION

D. CAUTION

Which of the following is information provided in the directions for use?
a. Pest to be controlled with the pesticide
b. The rate for application
c. Methods of application
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

You should always read the label before you ____________ pesticide, before you mix pesticide, before you _______ pesticide and before you store or dispose of pesticide

buy, apply

Legal disposal steps are required for both the pesticide and the pesticide __________________.

container

When a pesticide chemical is mixed with solvents, wetting agents, stickers, powders, granules, etc. The finished product is called a ____________________________.

formulation

What is the common abbreviation for each of the following?
Wet-table powder = ___________
Emulsifiable concentrate = ___________
Dust = _______________
Granuales = ___________

WP, EC, D, G

Which of the following must you consider when choosing the best formulation for your job?
a. Effectiveness against the pest
b. The location of the manufacturer
c. Type of application machinery needed
d. All of the above
e. A and C

e. A and C

Which pesticide formulation is most often used in households, back yards and other small areas?
a. Granular
b. Liquid
c. Aerosol

c. Aerosol

Why are dust formulations usually NOT used outdoors on a large scale?
a. They may drift away from the target area
b. The are too difficult to measure accurately
c. They are less effective outdoors than indoors

a. They may drift away from the target area

For which type of job are dusts NOT often used?
a. To control external parasites or animals
b. To treat recreational turf areas
c. To kill indoor pests in cracks and crevices

b. To treat recreational turf areas

Which is NOT a type of pest that poisonous bait formulations are used to control?
a. Ants and slugs
b. Rats and Mice
c. Centipedes and Millipedes

c. Centipedes and Millipedes

Why are poisonous baits often used in small amounts?
a. Because baits are needed only where pests gather.
b. So other animals won't eat them
c. Because of their high toxicity

a. Because baits are needed only where pests gather.

Granular formulations are made of larger, more uniform particles than dust formulations.
a. true
b. false

True

What advantage do granules have over dust and sprays?
a. They drift less.
b. The application is simpler
c. They penetrate dense foliage better
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

Why wouldn't you choose granular if you were going to treat a tree or lettuce crop?
a. Too much will stick to the leaves
b. Not enough will stick to the leaves
c. It will damage the plant's appearance

b. Not enough will stick to the leaves

Why choose a low concentrate liquid formulation if you want to be sure to get the right mixture?
a. There are clear mixing instructions on the package
b. It is ready to be sprayed as purchased
c. There is a mixing cup attached to the package

b. It is ready to be sprayed as purchased

What formulation would you choose if you wanted little visible residue and only moderate agitation?
a. Aerosol
b. Emulsifiable concentrate
c. Wettable powder

b. Emulsifiable concentrate

Which formulation is very hazardous because it is highly concentrated and absorbed easily by the skin?
a. Emulsifiable concentrate
b. Flowable
c. Fumigant

a. Emulsifiable concentrate

What is the difference between emlsifiable concentrates and flowables?
a. Flowables start as solids; emulsifiable concentrates start as liquids.
b. Flowables start as liquids; emulsifiable concentrates start as solids

a. Flowables start as solids; emulsifiable concentrates start as liquids

Would you choose an EC or a WP if phytotoxicity might be a problem?
a. EC
b. WP

WP

You should wear a respirator when mixing soluble or wettable powders.
a. true
b. false

True

What formulation would you choose if you wanted to penetrate cracks, soil, burrows and enclosed areas?
a. Aerosol
b. Dust
c. Fumigant

c. Fumigant

Which is NOT a disadvantage of fumigants?
a. Can be applied only in enclosed areas
b. Are difficult to apply
c. May be toxic enough to require full protective gear

b. Are difficult to apply

Which pesticide formulations must be diluted before they are applied?
a. Wettable powders and granules
b. Flowables and some aerosols
c. Wettable powders and emulsifiable concentrates

c. Wettable powders and emulsifiable concentrates

When is the best time to add pesticide to the spray tank?
a. At least 3 hours before application
b. Immediately before application
c. Whenever you are ready

b. Immediately before application

Mixing is the time when you are most likely to be exposed to pesticide poisoning.
a. true
b. false

True

Through which routes of entry are you likely to be exposed during pesticide mixing?
a. Dermal and swallowing
b. Inhalation and dermal
c. Swallowing and inhalation

b. Inhalation and dermal

___________________ devices keep spray mixture in the tank from escaping back through the hose into a water source.

antisiphoning

When you empty a pesticide container, you should rinse it out at least 3 times.
a. true
b. false

True

You can mix all types of pesticides together without any problem.
a. true
b. false

False

What does chemical compatibility mean?
a. Mixing the chemicals will not cause an explosion
b. Mixing the chemicals will not produce a highly toxic solution
c. Mixing the pesticides will not reduce their effectiveness

c. Mixing the pesticides will not reduce their effectiveness

How can you find out if two pesticides are compatible?
a. Call your county Extension agent
b. Call the manufacture
c. Read the label

c. Read the label

An _______________ is a chemical added to the pesticide mixture that makes an active ingredient more effective

adjuvant

For what kind of job would you use a spreader-sticker?
a. For weed and brush control
b. For Treatment of waxy leaf surfaces
c. For treatment of hard-to-reach tree tops

b. For Treatment of waxy leaf surfaces

The most hazardous activities involving pesticides are mixing and loading concentrates.
a. true
b. false

True

For most pesticide sprays, what is the recommended water pH level?
a. From 2 to 3
b. From 4 to 6
c. From 5 to 8

b. From 4 to 6

When a pesticide is spilled accidentally, what should you do first?
a. Contain the spill
b. Call the fire department
c. Leave it to evaporate

a. Contain the spill

How much wettable powder would you put in a 450 gallon tank, given directions to add 3 pounds of WP per 100 gallons of water?

13.5

How much wettable powder would you put in an 80 gallon tank, given the directions to add 3 lbs of WP per 100 gal of water?

2.4

How much emulsifiable concentrate would you put in a 300 gallon tank, given directions to add 3 pints EC per 100 gallons of water?

9

How much emulsifiable concentrate would you put in a 50-gallon tank given directions to add 3 pints EC per 100 gallons of water?

1.5

If 1 pound of WP is recommended per 100 gallons of water, how many tablespoons of WP would you add to 1 gallon?

1 teaspoon

1 POUND of WP per 100 gallons equals how many Tablespoons per gallon?

1 Tablespoon

1 PINT of EC per 100 gallons equals how many TEASPOONS for each gallon?

1 teaspoon

If 2 pints of EC are recommended per 100 gallons of water, how many teaspoons of EC would you add for 1 gallon?

2 teaspoons

How much does 100 gallons of water weigh?

830 lbs

How much does 100 gallons of kerosene weigh?

660 lbs

How many gallons of 25 percent emulsifiable concentrate (with 2 pounds pesticide per gallon) would you add to a 50 gallon tank to get a 1 percent active ingredient mixture?

2.075 (100 gal wanted x 1 percent wanted x 8.3 / 25 percent a.i used )

How many pounds of 25 percent WP must you add to 100 gallons of water to get a 1 percent active ingredient mixture?

33.2 (100x1x8.3 / 25 (perc. ai used)

Which of the following is NOT a type of support equipment?
a. Filler pump
b. Front-end loader
c. Sprayer

c. Sprayer

Which of the following must you consider in choosing pesticide application equipment for a job?
a. Working conditions and type of t arget
b. Pesticide formulation
c. Possible problems
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

Dusters are commonly used by gardeners and pest control operators for spot treatment of plants or small areas.
a. true
b. false

True

Seeders and fertilizer spreaders often can be used to apply granules without equipment without adjustments.
a. true
b. false

True

A fogger is a good equipment choice when there is a sensitive area nearby and the wind is low.
a. true
b. false

False

Which type of sprayer would you probably choose to treat a small garden in a residential area?
a. Air-blast sprayer
b. Hand-operated sprayer
c. Mist blower

b. Hand-operated sprayer

In general, only homeowners have good use for hand operated sprayers.
a. true
b. false

False

If you had to treat a large athletic complex containing several soccer fields and water was not easily available, what type of sprayer would you choose?
a. Low-pressure boom sprayer
b. High-pressure sprayer
c. Hand operated sprayer

a. Low-pressure boom sprayer

What sprayer would you use if the pesticide was formulated only as a wettable powder and the target site had dense foilage?
a. Low-pressure boom sprayer
b. High pressure sprayer
c. Ultra-low volume sprayer

b. High pressure sprayer

Does a hydraulic sprayer have low pressure or high pressure?
a. low low pressure
b. high pressure

b. high pressure

What type of sprayer would you use with a wettable powder formulation to treat an oak tree in a back yard?
a. Low pressure spray
b. high pressure spray
c. hand operated spray

b. high pressure spray

which type of sprayer is more likely to cause you to injure sensitive vegetation or wildlife by overdosing with concentrated pesticides?
a. Low pressure sprayer
b. high pressure sprayer
c. ULV ultra low volume

c. ULV ultra low volume

You must increase pressure ____________ times to double the flow rate.
a. 2
c. 3
d. 4
e. 6

d. 4

From which of the following are nozzles made?
a. Brass
b. Plastic
c. Stainless steel
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

Among nozzle materials, brass is the least resistant to wear.
a. true
b. false

True

Which pump does not have an automatic pressure relief characteristic?
a. Roller pump
b. Centrifugal pump
c. Piston pump

c. Piston pump

Which is not an advantage of piston pumps?
a. Maneuverability
b. There is no leakage inside the pump chamber
c. Output is virtually unaffected by pressure

a. Maneuverability

Which is a function of spray nozzles?
a. To regulate the flow of liquid
b. To atomize the liquid stream
c. To spread droplets in a specific pattern
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

Worn nozzle tips produce poor spray patterns and ________ flow rates than new nozzles.
a. higher
b. lower

a. higher

You should replace a used nozzle when its flow rate varies _________ percent or more from a new nozzle.
a. 2
b. 5
c. 10
d. 50

b. 5

A sprayer should be cleaned after ____________ days(s) of use.
a. 2
b. 7
c. each

c. each

When cleaning a sprayer, you should fill and flush the tank with water at least _________ times before using a cleaning solution.
a. three
b. five
c. two

c. two

Even when you have the right mixture in your spray tank, you can still apply the wrong amount of pesticide.
a. true
b. false

True

Once your sprayer is calibrated, its delivery rate will remain constant.
a. true
b. false

False

If your sprayer delivers less spray to an area than you want it to, how would you change the rate?
a. Increase the pressure
b. Reduce ground speed
c. Change to a larger nozzle
d. Any of the above

d. Any of the above

What must you measure to calibrate granular application equipment?
a. The ground speed of the spreader
b. The weight of the granules spread over a known area
c. The amount of granules placed in the spreader

b. The weight of the granules spread over a known area

You must calibrate granule application equipment each time you change granular products.
a. true
b. false

True

How many square feet equal 1 acre
a. 5,500
b. 26,640
c. 43, 560
d. 120,000

c. 43,560

Thirty-two ounces of water was collected from one spray nozzle in 30 seconds. What is the nozzle delivery rate in gallons per minute?
a. .03 GPM
b. .5 GPM
c. 1.2 GPM

b. .5 GPM

How many ounces are in 1 US Gallon?
a. 16
b. 128
c. 64
d. 512

b. 128

How many square feet could you treat with a hand sprayer holding 1 gallon, if it takes 4 ounces of the spray mix to treat 100 square feet.?
a. 1,600
b. 3,200
c. 6,400

b. 3,200

Nozzle discharge rate and sprayer calibration should be checked with clean water BEFORE adding pesticide.
a. true
b. false

True

A fenced yard that is 200 feet wide and 300 feet long needs to be treated along a 6-inch band on the inside and a 6-inch band on the outside of the fence. How many square feet will be treated?
a. 500
b. 1500
c. 1000

c. 1000

Wind can actually help reduce air pollution during an inversion.
a. true
b. false

true

Weather-wise applications can help you save money by saving the pesticide lost through ___________ and ___________.
a. drift and run-off
b. dispersion and condensation
c. condensation and evaporation

a. Drift and run-off

Windy day application increases hazard to you and bystanders.
a. true
b. false

True

In pesticide drifts onto a non-target area, causing injury or economic loss, the applicator is legally responsible.
a. true
b. false

True

Why must spray applications dry onto a surface before the rain?
a. So the rain won't cause runoff of the pesticide
b. So the rain won't dilute the pesticide
c. Because rainwater sometimes reacts with the pesticide and may harm the plant

a. So the rain won't cause runoff of the pesticide

What harm can pesticide runoff do?
a. It can harm nontarget plants.
b. It can harm wildlife
c. It can pollute water
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

What weather factors reduce drift?
a. Lack of wind, low temperature and low humidity
b. Lack of wind, low temperatures and high humidity
c. Low wind, high temperatures and high humidity

b. Lack of wind, low temperatures and high humidity

What conditions may early morning or evening a good time for application?
a. Wind speed is lower and humidity is higher than other times of the day.
b. Both wind speed and humidity are lower
c. Both wind speed and humidity are higher

a. Wind speed is lower and humidity is higher than other times of the day

When does an inversion occur?
a. When air near the soil surface is warmer than the air above it
b. When the surface air has lower humidity than the air above it
c. When the surface air is cooler than the air above it

c. When the surface air is cooler than the air above it

.
Why should you carefully dispose of surplus pesticides and empty containers?
a. To prevent escape of pesticide wastes into the environment
b. To avoid potential health hazards to people and animals
c. To satisfy legal requirements
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

What problems result from buying more pesticide than you can use?
a. Storage and disposal problems
b. Loss of pesticide effectiveness during storage
c. Unnecessary handling risks
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

What is the proper way to dispose of surplus concentrated pesticide that is still in its original container?
a. If it is unopened, return it to the manufacturer or distributor.
b. Take it to a landfill
c. Give it to another certified applicator to use.
d.

d. A and C

If you rinse out an empty pesticide container three times, you can use it for another purpose or let children play with it.
a. true
b. false

False

What should you do with rinsewater if you can't add it to the tank mix?
a. Just spread it over the ground - it's harmless
b. Apply it on a site with a similar pest problem
c. Save it and add it to the net tank mix

b. Apply it on a site with a similar pest problem

How should you dispose of empty cardboard fungicide containers?
a. Triple-rinse them and bury them
b. Dispose of them according to label instructions
c. Triple rinse and burn them

b. Dispose of them according to label instructions

What should you do to dispose of empty metal, glass or plastic containers?
a. Bury them
b. Burn them
c. Try to return them for recycling

c. Try to return them for recycling

_____________ seals the pesticide container so that leaking of dangerous chemicals does not occur in the final disposal.
a. hydration
b. incineration
c. encapsulation
d. freezing

c. encapsulation

Certain methods of incineration of incineration are acceptable for pesticide disposal.
a. true
b. false

True

Burial of surplus pesticides and empty containers is one of the preferred disposal methods.
a. true
b. false

False

Can you incinerate or bury surplus pesticides or containers that have mercury, lead, cadmium, arsenic or other inorganic chemicals in them?
a. You can incinerate but not bury them
b. You can bury but not incinerate them
c. You can either bury or incinerat

d. You can neither bury nor incinerate them

Which federal and state laws regulate pesticide disposal methods?
a. Federal insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act
b. Resource Conservation and Recover Act
c. Clean Air Act
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

To triple-rinse a pesticide container, you should completely fill the container with diluent for each rise.
a. true
b. false

False

How can you prevent pesticide waste surplus?
a. Buy only the amount of pesticide you need
b. Calibrate equipment so you apply only the amount needed
c. Reuse pesticide rinsates
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

What type of pesticide container should not be punctured for disposal?
a. Emulsifiable Concentrates
b. Granules
c. Aerosol
d. Wettable Powders

c. Aerosol

Why should you dispose of pesticide waste in an EPA-approved sanitary landfill rather than a municipal dump?
a. Because all pesticide waste must be disposed of in a federal facilty
b Because municipal dumps are too close to populated ares.
c. Because EPA-

c. Because EPA-approved landfills meet federal standards of construction and operation

Why wear protective clothing while you store pesticides, containers and equipment?
a. To protect your street clothes from contamination
b. To minimize your exposure in case of a pesticide spill
c. To protect the chemicals you're handling from contaminatio

b. To minimize your exposure in case of a pesticide spill

In case of fire in your storage area, what should fire fighters wear?
a. Air-supplied respirators and chemical resistant clothing
b. Gas masks and chemical resistant clothing
c. Regular respirator and rubber clothing

a. Air-supplied respirators and chemical resistant clothing

Which of these factors should you consider when choosing a storage site?
a. Nearness to sensitive areas
b. Whether flooding is possible
c. Whether the site is upwind or uphill from sensitive areas
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

In what kind of container should pesticides be stored?
a. If undamaged, store in the original container
b. If damaged, store in a new, clean container and attach the original label
c. Always store original container, whether it is damaged or not, encapsul

d. A and B

What is the main problem with runoff water from your storage area?
a. It could hurt animals that might drink it
b. It could contaminate ground or surface water with pesticide residue
c. It is a waste of water

b. It could contaminate ground or surface water with pesticide residue

How should you treat collected runoff?
a. As hazardous waste
b. As surplus pesticide
b. As rinsewater

b. As surplus pesticide

Why is a good supply of soap and water a 'must' in any pesticide storage area?
a. To make decontamination and cleanup possible
b. So you can wash your hands
c. To meet health regulations

a. To make decontamination and cleanup possible.

What other materials should be on hand in a good storage area?
a. Activated charcoal, clay, vermiculite or pet litter
b. A water hose to wash away liquid spills
c. A trash can for disposal of spilled dry pesticides
d. All of the above

a. Activated charcoal, clay, vermiculite or pet litter

If you are careful, the storage area also may be used to store your lunch, tobacco and street clothes while you are on the job.
a. true
b. false

False

Why should the storage area be kept cool?
a. To provide a more comfortable working environment
b. To prevent condensation
c. To stabilize flammable chemicals

c. To stabilize flammable chemicals

Why should herbicides be stored in a special place apart from other pesticides?
a. They must be stored at different temperatures
b. They are more hazardous than other types of pesticides
c. They can vaporize and spread into adjacent pesticides

c. They can vaporize and spread into adjacent pesticides

How should you organize the disposal section of your storage area?
a. Alphabetically
b. By chemical family
c. By disposal method

b. By chemical family

What should you do when you discover that one of your pesticide containers is corroding?
a. Dispose of it immediately
b. Wrap it in plastic that that can be sealed and labeled
c. Put it in a larger container that can be sealed and labeled

c. Put it in a larger container that can be sealed and labeled

How should you store opened containers of chlorates?
a. Store away from other pesticides
b. Store in an airtight container
c. Do not store at all

c. Do not store at all

If a customer asks for a little of your tank mix and hands you an empty glass jar, it is alright for you to give him some as long as you warn him carefully.
a. true
b. false

False

Cleanup steps for pesticide spills include:
a. Wearing suitable protection
b. Using absorbent materials of sweeping compound
c. Collecting used cleaners and soaked up spill and sealing in a drum
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

Materials used to absorb a spill should be treated the same as pesticide waste.
a. true
b. false

True

Besides meeting legal requirements, how can pesticide application records help you?
a. In case of a damage suit, records can establish proof of proper pesticide use
b. Records can help you trace residue and damage problems
Records can help you make the mo

d. All of the above

When is the best time to fill out record sheets?
a. Before you start a job
b. In the field (during the job)
c. After you finish a job

In the field (during the job)

Filling out standard forms....
a. Is unnecessary, just jot down the things you need to know
b. Helps you make sure to get all the necessary data
c. Is required by law

b. Helps you make sure to get all the necessary data

If you apply a pesticide and the wind carries it off-target, are you liable even though you tried to be careful?
a. yes
b. no

Yes

If the site you applied a pesticide to is damaged, even though you followed the directions and dosages on the label, who could be liable?
a. You
b. The dealer
c. The manufacturer
d. The property owner
e. All of the above

e. All of the above

Is pesticide application legally considered an ultra-hazardous activity?
a. Yes
b. No

Yes

Can you be sued for applying pesticides to the wrong target site, even if no damage is done?
a. Yes
b. No

Yes

What is the legal standing of bees killed while "visiting" a sprayed field?
a. The bees are legally protected, You are liable for any harm to them
b. The bees are considered "trespassers." You are not liable for them
c. The bees are considered trespassers

c. The bees are considered trespassers if you gave prior notice to adjacent land owners. Otherwise you may be liable for harm to the bees.

From a legal standpoint, pesticide equipment and containers that are left where children can find them are considered...
a. An "obvious hazard"
b. An "attractive nuisance"
c. A "negligent oversight

b. An "attractive nuisance

Which of the following steps should you take if someone accuses you of pesticide misuse?
a. Decline comment and refer all calls to an attorney. Obtain references form satisfied customers
b. Accept responsibility for the incident and apologize. Suspend emp

c. Take notes and photos to document conditions at the site. Identify witnesses. Notify your insurance company

Which of the following is least essential for good public relations?
a. Good advertising
b. Keeping good records
c. Being courteous
d. Listening patiently

c. Being courteous

Who can best advise you on your insurance needs?
a. Most lawyers
b. Insurance agents who specialize in pesticide insurance
c. Extension agents with a degree in agribusiness

b. Insurance agents who specialize in pesticide insurance