Psychology- Exam #1

Free association is central to which theory?

psychoanalysis

The ID operates on the ______ principle

pleasure

The defense mechanism that attributes your behavior to others is?

projection

Defense mechanisms are ______________

unconscious

Carl Rodgers "total acceptance towards another person" is called?

unconditional positive regard

Humanistic therapists seek to promote?

personal growth and self-fulfillment

Autistic children are best helped with which approach?

operate conditioning

In classical conditioning, manipulated symptoms are?

conditioned resposne

cognitive therapy states _______

thoughts control your feelings

The 1st psychological therapy was created by ______

Sigmund Freud

Introspection is dismissed in which theory?

Behaviorism

Behaviorism stresses ___________

learning

The process in which you encode, process, store, and retrieve information is ____________

cognitive

According to Carl Rodgers, dysfunctional behavioral patterns result from ________

a growth inhibiting environment

Extinction is _________

when the CS is not paired with the US and the CR fades

In Pavlov's experiment, the CS is

sound of the tone (bell)

Carl Rodgers encouraged client centered therapist to _________ during the process of therapy.

genuinely express their own true feelings

Which techniques have behavioral therapist used to help people overcome fear of flying?

virtual reality exposure therapy

Freud believes that our repressed impulses express themselves in ____________

dreams
slip of the tongue
troubling symptoms

Therapy that modifies both self defeating thinking and manipulative behavior is known as

cognitive behavior therapy

According to Maslow: Those who fulfill their potential have satisfied their need for ______________.

self-actualization

Teaching people to stop blaming themselves for things beyond their control is a focus in __________.

cognitive therapy

After losing his wife, Bob frequently lost his temper and had crying spells, this is?

Regression

Drives and Urges beyond awareness but that motivate your actions are __________

unconscious

The defense mechanism- Reaction Formation is?

a repressed impulse disguised directly opposite

Free association is central to the process of ___________

psychoanalysis

Freud emphasized that the ID operates on the ______________ principle.

pleasure

Frank refuses to believe that he is addicted to drugs despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary. He is most clearly demonstrating the defense mechanism of _______________.

denial

The 1st psychological theory was created by ________________

Sigmond Freud

Which defense mechanism best represents the process of attributing one's own unacceptable characteristics to others?

projection

Free association involves ____________________

uncensored thoughts

Thoughts that are too unsettling for people to acknowledge are _____________

repressed

Freud indicated that defense mechanisms ______________ anxiety

reduce

After losing his job, Mark recently lost his temper and suffered from crying spells. Mark is showing _______________

regression

Freud believes that our repressed impulses express themselves in ________________

troubling behavior

The idea that thoughts control events and our emotional reactions is most central to ______________

cognitive theory

What are (4) techniques we use for problem solving?

1. cognitive trial and error
2. algorithms
3. heuristics
4. insights

Which psychological perspective highlights the manner in which people encode, process, store, and retrieve information?

cognitive

An integrated therapy that modifies both self-defeating thinking and maladaptive behavior?

cognitive behavior theory

Fixation is ____________

The inability to see a problem from a different point of view

The approach that has helped children with autism learn to function successfully in school involves

operant conditioning

In classical conditioning therapy, manipulated symptoms are ______________

conditioned responses

If therapy clients repeatedly drinks an alcoholic drink mixed with a nausea-producing drug, an alcoholic drink without the drug is likely to become a(n) _______ for feeling of nausea.
a. US
b. UR
c. CS
d. CR

CS

The value of introspection was most clearly dismissed by

Behaviorist

Which techniques have behavioral therapist used to help people overcome fear of flying?

exposure

The behavioral perspective is most likely to emphasize the importance of _____________

learning

In Pavlov's experiments on the salivary conditioning of the dogs, the CS was __________

the bell

When a CS is not paired with a US, the subsequent fading of a CR is called

extinction

Modeling is a form of

observant learning

Pavlov's dogs are an example of

classical conditioning

Maslow suggested that those who fulfill their potential have satisfied the need for

Self-arcu

Earning a client's trust, empathy and caring therapist's promote

a therapeutic alliance

Instead of focusing on the cure of your disorder ____________ therapist seek to promote personal growth and self-fulfillment

????

Empathetic understanding of the patient's experiences is a major goal of a

client centered therapist

Carl Rodgers encouraged client centered therapists to _________________ during the process of therapy

genuinely express feelings

Carl Rodgers referred to an attitude of total acceptance towards another person as

unconditional positive regard

Carl Rodgers emphasized that positive self-concept is promoted by

unconditional regard

The first psychological therapy was created by...

Sigmond Freud

Free association is central to the process of

psychoanalysis