MedTerm ch 8

The visual examination of the anal canal and lower rectum is known as

proctoscopy

The term ____ means any disease of the mouth due to a fungus

stomatomycosis

The ____ is the last and longest portion of the small intestine

ileum

The inability to control the excretion of feces is called

bowel incontinence

The liver secretes ____, which is stored in the gallbladder for later use

bile

The ____ travels upward from the cecum to be undersurface of the liver

ascending colon

The process of the building up of body cells and substances from nutrients is known as

anabolism

The receptors of taste are located on the dorsum of the

tongue

The bone and soft tissues that surround and support the teeth are known as the

periodontium

The condition characterized by the telescoping of one part of the intestine into another is

intussusception

An ____ is the surgical removal of the last portion of the ileum

ilectomy

The bacterial infection ____ occurs mostly in hot countries and is spread through food or water contaminated by human feces

dysentery

The chronic degenerative disease of the liver characterized by scarring is known as

cirrhosis

A ____ is the surgical fixation of the absence of or diminished secretions by the salivary glands is known as

xerostomia

The surgical removal of all or part of the stomach is a

gastrectomy

The medical term meaning difficulty in swallowing is

dysphagia

The involuntary grinding or clenching of the teeth is called

bruxism

The chronic degeneration of the liver often caused by excessive alcohol abuse is called

cirrhosis

The pigment manufactured by the liver and necessary for the digestion of fat is called

bile

The excessive swallowing of air while eating or drinking is known as

xerophagia

The return of swallowed food to the mouth is known as

regurgitation

A yellow discoloration of the skin caused by greater-than-normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood is called

jaundice

The ____ is the ring-like muscle that controls the flow from the stomach to the small intestine

pyloric sphincter

The medical term for the solid body wastes that are expelled through the rectum is

feces

T/F: Cholangitis is an acute infection of the bile duct characterized by pain in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen, fever, and jaundice

true

T/F: Cholangiography is an endoscopic diagnostic procedure

false

T/F: Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis is caused by the abnormal growth of bacteria in the mouth

true

T/F: Bruxism means to be without natural teeth

false

T/F: A choledocholithotomy is an incision in the common bile duct for the removal of gallstones

true

James Ridgeview was diagnosed as having ____, which is the partial or complete blockage of the small or large intestine

ileus

Chang Hoon suffers from ____. This condition is an abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity

ascites

Rita Martinez is a dentist. She described her patient Mr. Espinoza as being ____ which means that he was without natural teeth

endentulous

Baby Kilgore was vomiting almost continuously. The medical term for this excessive vomiting is

hyperemesis

A ____ was performed on Mr. Schmidt to create an artificial excretory opening between his colon and body surface

colonostomy

After eating, Mike Delahanty often complained about heartburn. The medical term for this condition is

pyrosis

After the repeated passage of black, tarry, and foul-smelling stools, Catherine Baldwin was diagnosed as having ____. This condition is caused by the presence of digested blood in the stools

melena

Alberta Roberts was diagnosed as having an inflammation of one or more diverticula. The medical term for this condition is

diverticulitis

Carlotta Hansen has blister-like sores on her lips and adjacent facial tissue. She says they are cold sores; however, the medical term for this condition is

herpes labials

Lisa Wilson saw her dentist because she was concerned about bad breath. Her dentist refers to this condition as

halitosis