First Aid exam

Deviation from accepted standards of care that results in further injury to the victim is known as

negligence

Which of the following statements concerning the Good Samaritan laws is true?

They protect first aiders acting in good faith.

Properly applied, first aid may mean the difference between:

life and death, rapid recovery and long hospitalization, temporary disability and permanent injury.

The definition of First Aid is

immediate care given to ill or injured.

When calling 9-1-1, you should:

speak slowly and clearly when saying information.

What is the FIRST action a bystander should take in an emergency?

Recognize the emergency.

What is NOT an indicator that there is a possible emergency?

what time of day it is

The most common type of personal protective equipment available for first aiders to protect against bloodborne pathogens is:

rubber gloves

The purpose of the respiratory system is to:

provide oxygen to and remove carbon dioxide from the lungs

The major artery in the neck is called:

Carotid

You can evaluate an alert, responsive victim's ability to remember by asking:

person, place, time, and event.

A physical exam of an adult assesses the person's entire body from:

head to toe.

The D in DOTS stands for:

deformity

The P in SAMPLE stands for:

preexisting conditions.

Medical identification tags can help the first responder identify:

allergies, medications, medical history

Shock occurs when body parts do not receive adequate:

oxygenated blood

What type of shock is caused by the inadequate function of the heart?

Cardiogenic

Anaphylactic shock:

is a massive allergic reaction.

A shock victim should:

be placed on his or her back with the legs raised.

When a person experiences shock, the person's skin is usually:

clammy

In ________ bleeding, blood spurts up to several feet from the wound.

arterial

What is the most effective method for controlling most types of bleeding?

Direct pressure

________ give food or drink to victims of internal bleeding.

Do not.

________ occurs when the skin is not broken and blood is not visible.

Internal bleeding

Which of the following are characteristics of open wounds?

possible infection, external bleeding, break in the skin surface

Which wound results in skin cut with jagged, irregular edges?

Lacertation

Which wound is usually deep and narrow, with a high risk of infection?

Puncture

How should an amputated body part be cared for?

Wrap the part in wet, sterile gauze.

Burns that extend through the entire outer layer and into the inner skin layer are considered:

second degree (partial thickness).

A third-degree burn is also described as ________.

full-thickness

Ointments, grease, butter, cream, or home remedies are not applied to a burn because

they may hold heat in, hey are unsterile, they may lead to infection.

Hot, burned, or smoldering clothing should be removed:

only if the clothing is not stuck to the skin.

Which type of brain injury occurs when a blow to the head alters the function of the brain?

Concussion

True or False? You are providing care to a 33-year-old male patient who was in a motor vehicle collision and has what appears to be a depressed skull fracture. The wound is bleeding profusely. You should control the bleeding with direct pressure.

false

True or False? When providing care for a victim who may have had a head injury earlier in the day, the victim should be given aspirin or ibuprofen.

false

The two classifications for fractures are

open and closed

What injury results when a joint comes apart and stays apart?

dislocation

What should be used to keep swelling out of a joint?

RICE

A ________ occurs when a muscle goes into an uncontrolled spasm and contraction.

cramp

During the first 24 to 48 hours after an ankle injury, the victim should:

use RICE treatment.

Which of the following is a sign or symptom of a broken tibia?

swelling, visibly deformed, severe pain

Proper first aid for a heart attack includes:

helping the victim into the most comfortable resting position, monitoring breathing, calling 9-1-1.

First aid for a stroke victim should include:

reassuring the victim, calling 9-1-1, checking the time when signs first appeared.

What first aid should you give to a fainting victim?

monitoring breathing

First aid for a seizure victim includes:

cushioning the victim's head.

When should you seek medical care for a victim of nausea and vomiting?

If the victim is unable to keep fluids down for more than 24 hours,If there is constant abdominal pain, If blood or brown, grainy material appears in the vomit

Which of the following is a sign or symptom of swallowed poisoning?

Abdominal cramping, Nausea or vomiting, Burns, odor, stains around and in mouth

What position should a victim who has swallowed poison be placed in

On his or her left side

A person who has come in contact with poison sumac should immediately wash the area with soap and water.

True

You are providing care to a 45-year-old male who has swallowed a large number of sleeping pills. Giving him a small amount of dish soap diluted with water will help delay the absorption of the poison until EMS arrive.

False

The FIRST step in caring for the victim of snakebite is to:

get away from the snake.

What difficulties do first aiders and medical personnel face when dealing with insect stings?

There is a lack of uniformity in victims, The amount of venom injected varies from sting to sting,A sting in one species is not necessarily equivalent to a sting in another species.

How should you remove a bee's stinger?

Scape the stinger off the skin with a credit card.

The BEST way to remove a tick as described in the textbook:

use tweezers

Signs and symptoms of frostnip include which of the following?

Frost on the skin,Yellow to gray skin, Tingling or numbness

If the frostbitten area is to be rewarmed, use:

warm water.

A common factor associated with hypothermia is ________.

drinking alcohol

After thawing slightly, ________ the affected parts to reduce pain and swelling.

elevate

Care for a brown recluse spider bite includes:

applying antibiotic ointment if the wound becomes infected, cleaning the bite area with soap and water or rubbing alcohol, placing an ice pack over the bite.

You are providing care for a 54-year-old female who apparently was bitten by a spider while shopping. She did not really feel the bite, but she saw the spider crawl away and then began to feel intense pain. The spider was a large black one and appeared to

True

Heat cramps are painful muscle spasms in the:

legs and abdomen.

Signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion are similar to those of:

the flu

You are providing care for a 24-year-old male who was working on a rooftop on a hot summer day when he became disoriented and nauseous. His skin is hot to touch and he is very sweaty. Based on this information, your priority at this time should be to remo

true

You are providing care to a 54-year-old female who was running in a 10K race when she became very nauseous and started to vomit. It is a very warm day and she was close to the end of the race when the symptoms started. She tells you that she thinks that i

true

You are providing care for a 64-year-old male who was found unresponsive in his backyard. It is a hot summer day, which is surprising because the victim's skin is hot but quite dry. The victim has been moved inside but remains unresponsive. Based on this

false

The "slow cooker" is another name for:

classic heat stroke