Guard Duty, Land Navigation, Military Leadership and Counseling, IEDs, VBIEDs, UXOs, React to Unexploded Ordnance Hazards and ADP ADRP 7.0

What are the three general orders?

I will guard everything within the limits of my post and quit my post only when properly relieved.
I will obey my special orders and perform all my duties in a military manner.
I will report violations of my special orders, emergencies, and anything not covered in my instructions to the Commander of the Relief.

What two types of orders can a guard receive?

General orders
Special orders

What are you normally responsible for at your guard post?

Your post and all government property in view

What is deadly force?

The power to cause death or severe bodily harm

What specifies the time for challenging?

The special orders

Who is responsible for the instruction, discipline and performance of the guards?

The commander of the guards

How would you challenge people in a vehicle?

You would challenge the same as if on foot but, make one or all of the individuals dismount the vehicle if deemed necessary.

What are the two words that the countersign consists of?

Challenge and Password

What is the proper use of deadly force?

Only the minimum amount of force necessary to make an apprehension

At what position do you hold your rifle while challenging?

Port arms

What Field Manual covers Guard duty?

FM 22-6

What are the two different types of guard mountings?

Formal
Informal

What is your chain of command as a guard?

Commander of the relief
Sergeant of the guard
Officer of the guard
Field officer of the day
Commanding officer at the level responsible for the guard mount

What type of guard is normally used to protect a unit in a tactical environment?

Exterior guard

What is F.O.D.?

Field Officer of the Day

If you sleep on duty, what could your punishment be?

Court Martial

What are two types of guard duty?

Interior guard
Exterior guard

What is the normal length of time for a field officer of the day?

24 hrs

How long will a guard normally stay at his post?

2 to 4 hours

Who is normally in charge of establishing the special orders for guard posts?

The Post Commander

Does a guard salute indoors?

Yes

When are guards not required to salute?

No salute is given by a guard who is engaged in a specific duty, the performance of which prevents saluting.

What are three examples of exterior guard?

Lookouts
Listening posts
Outposts

What are the duties of a guard?

memorize, understand, and comply with the general orders for guards. understand and comply with special orders applying to their particular posts, including the use of the countersign and parole word, if they are in effect.

What is a parole word?

The parole (word) is used to check on the countersign when inspecting guards.

What do special orders define?

Exactly what a guard must do in a particular post

What is supernumerary?

An extra member of the guard who is used when needed to replace a guard or to perform special duties as prescribed by local directives.

What is the Field Manual for map reading and land navigation?

FM 3-25.26

What are the basic colors of a map?

Black
Red-Brown
Blue
Green
Brown
Red

What are military symbols?

Figures used to represent types of military organizations, installations, and activities

Where is the Legend of the map found?

Lower left margin

What are contour lines?

Imaginary lines on the ground connecting equal elevation, they represent high and low ground elevation.

What are 3 types of contour lines?

Index
Intermediate
Supplementary

How many Mils are in one Degree?

17.7 mils

How many Norths are there on a military map?

True north
Magnetic north
Grid north

What shape are the contour lines that indicate a hill?

A hill is shown on a map by contour lines forming concentric circles.

What shape are the contour lines that indicate a saddle?

A saddle is normally represented as an hourglass

What shape are the contour lines that indicate a valley?

Contour lines forming a valley are either U-shaped or V-shaped.

What shape are the contour lines that indicate a Ridge?

Contour lines forming a ridge tend to be U-shaped or V-shaped.

What shape are the contour lines that indicate a depression?

Usually only depressions that are equal to or greater than the contour interval will be shown.

What shape are the contour lines that indicate a draw?

The contour lines depicting a draw are U-shaped or V-shaped, pointing toward high ground.

What shape are the contour lines that indicate a spur?

Contour lines on a map depict a spur with the U or V pointing away from high ground.

What shape are the contour lines that indicate a cliff?

Cliffs are also shown by contour lines very close together and, in some instances, touching each other.

What shape are the contour lines that indicate a cut?

This contour line extends the length of the cut and has tick marks that extend from the cut line to the roadbed, if the map scale permits this level of detail.

What shape are the contour lines that indicate a fill?

This contour line extends the length of the filled area and has tick marks that point toward lower ground. If the map scale permits, the length of the fill tick marks are drawn to scale and extend from the base line of the fill symbol.

What must be done to a map before it can be used?

It must be oriented.

What are 5 major terrain features found on a map?

Hill
Ridge
Valley
Saddle
Depression

What are the 3 minor terrain features found on a military map?

Draw
Spur
Cliff

What are the 2 supplementary terrain features found on a military map?

Cut
Fill

What is a map?

A map is a graphic representation of a portion of the earth's surface drawn to scale, as seen
from above.

What is an azimuth?

A horizontal angle, measured in a clockwise manner from a north base line, expressing direction.

What is vertical distance?

The distance between the highest and lowest points measured.

What is a contour interval?

The vertical distance between adjacent contour lines on a map.

What is the distance between grid lines on a combat map?

1 kilometer or 1000 meters

How many mils are there in a circle?

6400 mils in 360 degrees

Which north is used when using a military map?

Magnetic north when using a compass, and grid north when using the map

How would you hold a lensatic compass?

Away from metal (weapons, electrical devices), level and firm

Name two ways to hold a compass?

Compass-to-Cheek Method
Center-Hold Method

Are topographic symbols drawn to scale?

No

What do topographic symbols represent?

Man-made and natural features

In military symbols, what colors are used for a map overlay and what do they represent?

Blue- Friendly forces
Red-Enemy forces
Black- boundaries
Yellow-contaminated area both friendly and enemy
Green- engineer obstacles, both friendly and enemy

What is Back Azimuth?

The opposite direction of an azimuth.

How do you figure out a back azimuth?

add 180 degrees if the azimuth is 180 degrees or less; subtract 180 degrees if the azimuth is 180 degrees or more

What is a declination diagram?

Shows the angular relationship between the magnetic north, grid north and true north

What is the general rule for reading military grid coordinates?

Right and UP

How many sights does a compass have?

2

What is a benchmark?

A man-made marker showing points of elevation

What are parallels of latitude?

Measured distances going north or south of the equator

What is an aerial photograph?

An aerial photograph is any photograph taken from an airborne vehicle (aircraft, drones, balloons, satellites, and so forth)

What does UTM stand for?

Universal Transverse Mercator

The lensatic compass has a bezel ring; each bezel ring click is equal to how many degrees?

3

How many times would the bezel ring click if it were fully rotated?

120

Large cities on a map are represented by what color?

Black

Name two ways to orient a map?

Use a compass and terrain association

What is the Field Manual for Operational Terms and Graphics?

FM 1-02

The arrow on a compass always points what direction?

Magnetic north

What does the term FLOT mean?

Forward Line Of Troops

What are the alternate colors on a map and what do they mean?

Gray- alternate color for brown, Yellow- built up areas, and Pink- political boundaries

What is longitude?

Imaginary lines that run north to south originating in Greenwich, England and measured in degrees

What s a topographic map?

Portrays terrain and land forms in a measurable way as well as horizontal features of the positions represented

What is a small-scale map?

Those maps with scales of 1:1,000,000 and smaller are used for general planning and for strategic studies.

What is the standard small-scale map?

1:1,000,000. This map covers a very large land area at the expense of detail.

What is a medium-scale map?

Those maps with scales larger than 1:1,000,000 but smaller than 1:75,000 are used for operational planning.

How much detail is in a medium-scale map?

They contain a moderate amount of detail, but terrain analysis is best done with the large-scale maps.

What is the standard size of a medium scale map?

The standard medium-scale map is 1:250,000. Medium scale maps of 1:100,000 are also frequently encountered.

What is a large-scale map?

Those maps with scales of 1:75,000 and larger are used for tactical, administrative, and logistical planning.

What is the standard size of a large scale map?

The standard large-scale map is 1:50,000; however, many areas have been mapped at a scale of 1:25,000.

What does the term intersection mean?

Finding the location of an unknown point by sighting two or more known points

Why is a map so important?

When used correctly, a map can give you accurate distances, locations and heights, best routes key terrain features and cover and concealment information.

What does the term resection mean?

Resection is the method of locating one's position on a map by determining the grid azimuth
to at least two well-defined locations that can be pinpointed on the map.

If you find a symbol on a map that is unknown to you, where would you look?

The marginal data, located on the outside lower portion of the map

How many scales are there on a compass, what are they?

There are two:
Degrees
Mils

What are the 4 quadrants on a map?

Northeast
Southeast
Northwest
Southwest

What are the three elements for a land navigation process known as Dead Reckoning?

Known starting point
Known distance
Known azimuth

What is the feature that makes the lensatic compass work well at night?

The dials and needles are luminous

What is a polar coordinate?

Plotting or locating an unknown point using an azimuth and a distance from a known starting point

What is the name of the map system that the U.S. uses?

UTM

On a lensatic compass there are two rings, an outer black ring and an inner red ring, what are they used for?

The inner red ring is used to find degrees, and the outer black ring is used to find mils

Name 3 field expedient methods of determining direction

The shadow-tip method, the watch method, and the North Star method

What is a contour level?

It is the vertical distance between contour lines. The amount of the contour level is located in the Marginal Information on the map.

The border line around the edge of the map is called the what?

Neat Line

Name the different slopes found on a map.

Gentle
Steep
Concave
Convex

You must find at least how many known locations on a map and the actual ground in order to plot your location accurately?

At least 2

What are the three main map sizes?

Small
Medium
Large

What are two methods of measuring an azimuth?

Compass and a protractor

How close will an eight-digit grid get you to your point?

10 meters

How close will a six-digit grid coordinate get you to your point?

100 Meters

What would you use on a map to measure actual ground distance?

The bar scale

What should you not do when you encounter and IED

Do not attempt to move the IED
Do not approach the IED.
If possible, avoid using any
communication electronic equipment within established exclusion area.
Any of these things may cause an IED
to explode.

What are the Performance Steps of Reacting to an IED?

1. Establish minimum initial exclusion area of 300 meters
around IED
2. Establish security:
a. Search secure area for possible secondary explosive
device(s)/hazards, while maintaining security.
b. Identify potential enemy force observation/vantage points.
c. Seek all available manmade or natural frontal and overhead cover.
c. Avoid establishing a "reaction" pattern.
3. Forward information to Higher HQ using standard 9-line UXO Report
4. Continue mission IAW Higher HQ guidance.

What are the lines of a Standard 9 Line UXO report?

Line 1: Date time group discovered:
Line 2: Reporting Activity Location: mandatory 8 digit grid: (include: landmarks, reference points, or street addresses).
Line 3: Contact Method: Radio Freq / Call Sign or Telephone Number.(If using phone number, provide name).
Line 4: Type of Munition: (Dropped, Projected, Placed, or Thrown).
Line 5: NBC Contamination: Yes or No, known or suspected NBC Contamination. If yes, report type of agent if known / identified.
Line 6: Resources Threatened: (What resource is threatened- is it a critical asset?).
Line 7: Impact on Mission: (How the UXO is affecting the
mission).
Line 8: Protective Measures Taken:
Line 9: Recommended Priority:

What does IED stand for?

Improvise Explosive Device

What does VBIED stand for?

Vehicle-Born Improvised Explosive Device

What are the 5Cs with IED?

Confirm, lear, Call, Cordon and Control

What is line 5 in the UXO report?

NBC Contamination

What FM covers IEDs?

FM 3-21.8

What ADP Covers Training Units and Developing Leaders?

ADP 7-0

What are the three training domains the Army uses?

Institutional, Operational, Self-development

Who is responsible for training units and developing leaders?

The Commander

Where does training begin for soldiers?

Training begins in the generating force

Soldiers should train to master what?

both the individual and unit collective tasks that support the unit's mission-essential tasks??

Who must train as part of a combined arms team?

Individuals, teams, sections, and units train to standard as part of a combined arms team

What is considered as important as institutional training?

Self Development

Who is responsible for self development?

Personal Responsibility

Why does the Army Train?

To provide ready forces to combatant commanders worldwide

Why do units train?

To prepare for their mission and adapt to changes in an operational environment

What is the Army committed to?

Training, educating, and developing its leaders

What must collective training be?

Training must be relevant, rigorous, realistic, challenging, and properly resourced

What are the 11 Principles of Unit Training?

1. Commanders and other leaders are responsible for training
2. Noncommissioned officers train individuals, crews, and small teams
3. Train to standard
4. Train as you will fight
5. Train while operating
6. Train fundamentals first
7. Train to develop adaptability
8. Understand the operational environment
9. Train to sustain
10. Train to maintain
11. Conduct multi-echelon and concurrent training

What are the Army's Seven Principles of leader development?

1. Lead by example
2. Develop subordinate leaders
3. Create a learning environment for subordinate leaders
4. Train leaders in the art and science of mission command
5. Train to develop adaptive leaders
6. Train leaders to think critically and creatively
7. Train your leaders to know their subordinates and their families

What do subordinates provide in order to enable the Commander to assess the readiness of a mission-essential task?

After Action Reviews (AARs)