Chapter 2:History and Philosophy of the counseling profession

Frank Parsons

Founder of the field of professional counseling

Breadwinner's Institute of the Vocation Bureau of the Boston Civic Service house

Arose to help individuals and their families who were migrating from rural areas to resettle in urban centers

VRA (1954)

recognized the needs of people with disabilities and became law as a result of the particular needs of WWII Veterans.
Mandated the development of rehabilitation counselors and authorized funds for their training

mental health study act (1955)

Initiated studies that eventually led to the passage of the community health centers act and the establishment of more than 2000 mental health centers across the country

NDEA (1958)

Focused on improving math and science performance in public schools and provided funds to improve counselor training

Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act (1988)

included provisions to assist persons to enter into, or advance in high-technology occupations, provide pre-employment skills training, school to work transition programs

Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act (1984)

was notable for strengthening programs for underserved populations, which it is listed as disadvantaged individuals
replaced Vocational education act (1963)

Americans with disabilities act (1990)

protects the right to employment of persons who were physically or mentally challenged

MHIPA (1996)

this law prevented health insurance plans that provided mental health services from discriminating between physical and mental health services in payments or financial maximums