7th Grade Texas History- set 2

Caddo Indians

East Texas, farming, trading and making pottery; Large beehive looking homes

Plains Indians

Lived on the Great Plain; Hunted buffalo and lived in tepees; nomadic
Tribes: Comanches, Apaches and Kiowas

Pueblo Indians

The Pueblo Indians lived in the Southwestern Texas. They were Farmers; Their houses were multi-storied buildings made of adobe. Tribes: Tiguas & Jumanos

Prehistoric

those who lived before recorded or written history; Crossed a land bridge into North America and over time migrated to Texas.

Atlatl

A special wooden stick used by hunters to throw a spear. It made the spear go farther and faster.

Moses Austin

First Anglo American to secure permission from the Spanish to bring settlers to Texas.

Old Three Hundred

300 American families recruited and lived in Texas

Stephen F. Austin

Known as the Father of Texas, led the second and ultimately successful colonization of the region by bringing 300 families from the United States.

filibusters

military adventurers who either wanted to free Texas or all of Mexico from Spain or who were looking for quick wealth or adventure

presidios

fort built in southwest and Texas by spanish

missions

Churches set up by Spanish priests and missionaries in northern Mexico to spread Christianity. The Roman Catholic Church wanted to convert the Native Americans to Catholicism

epidemic

A widespread outbreak of an infectious disease.

Columbus

1492
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China

Cabeza de Vaca

Shipwrecked on what is believed today to be Galveston Island in 1528. After trading in the region for some six years, he later explored the Texas interior on his way to Mexico.

Coronado

He searched for the Seven Cities of Cibola; Traveled across the Llano Estacado

republic

A government in which citizens have the right to vote and elect officials to represent the citizens

La Salle

French explorer- explored the Great Lakes region of the United States and Canada, claimed Louisiana and the entire Mississippi River for France. Shipwrecked in Texas and built Fort St. Louis

Marcos

He said he saw the 7 cities of Cibola

Reconquista

Beginning in the eleventh century, military campaigns by various Iberian Christian states to recapture territory taken by Moors. In 1492 the last Moors ruler was defeated.

San Antonio de Bexar

Presidio built by the Spanish about a mile from the San Antonio de Valero mission. Half-way

Louisiana Purchase

Territory in western United States purchased from France in 1803 for $15 million; United States became Spain new neighbor

Four Regions of Texas

Great Plains, Coastal Plains, North Central Plains & Mountains and Basins

1492

Columbus sailed the Atlantic Ocean