Texas History (revolution of Texas)

The Alamo

old Spanish mission that is best remembered for the battle fought there for Texas' independence

Santa Anna

Mexican dictator who was in charge when war broke out between the Mexicans and Americans. He lost Texas to rebels, and was the leader of the armed forces during the war.

William Travis

Commander of the defenders of the Alamo who was only 26 years old. He was determined to hold his position and managed to send messages through Mexican lines asking for assistance, but none came. He was killed in the Battle of the Alamo, and he was importa

Jim Bowie

An American killed while fighting at the Battle of the Alamo during the Texas War for Independence; he has a knife named after him. He had pneumonia during the battle.

Come and Take It

Words on the white flag at the battle in Gonzales

Battle of the Alamo

March 6, 1836. Texans were greatly outnumbered and many were killed by the Mexicans. However, Texans were then inspired to seek revenge.

Susanna Dickinson

wife of a Texas soldier and a survivor of the Siege of the Alamo.

Texas Independence Day

March 2nd - marks the day in 1836 when Texas declared its independence from Mexico during the Texas Revolution.

Davy Crockett

United States frontiersman and Tennessee politician who died at the siege of the Alamo

Stephen F. Austin

Known as "The Father of Texas." He led a project to settle Americans in Texas (controlled by Mexico) in the 1820s. He originally brought 300 hard-working families.

Defenders of The Alamo

There were 189 who fought at the Alamo, all but one died.

Constitution of 1824

Established a government in which state governments had most of the power and therefore provided for more local control of issues important to settlers. Most Texas settlers supported this constitution.


founded when Texas was still a part of Mexico, and the settlement became the site of the Convention of 1836 and the signing of the Texas Declaration of Independence.


An adventure seeker who often cause rebellion in a foreign country.

James Long

believed Texas belonged to the U.S. Captured Nacogdoches and declared Texas free before being caught and executed by the Spanish

Philip Nolan

Captured and sold mustangs in Spanish Texas. Executed by the Spanish because they believed he was an American spy

Jane Long

Mother of Texas, one of the "Old 300".

Gutierrez and Magee

captured Nacogdoches with an army of 800 before being defeated by the Spanish after a year.

Father Hidalgo

Catholic priest who started the Mexican revolution with his famous speech Grito de Dolores. Executed by Spanish.

Moses Austin

He got the permission to bring the first Anglo settlers to Texas

Stephen F. Austin (significance)

The first man to bring Anglo settlers to Texas

Why did Moses and SFA want to colonize Texas?

To make a profit. To fulfill his father's dying wish.

What were some reasons people immigrated in the to Texas in the 1820's?

5. People tend to settle in areas with the most natural resources (near rivers, good soil, good rainfall, etc.) Geography influences what materials people use for their houses, clothes, and tools, what food they eat, etc.

differences between the Mexican culture and the Anglo culture in Texas.

religion: (Mex) Catholic, (Anglo) Free religion
taxes: (Mex) imposed custom duties, (Anglo) didn't want to pay.
languages: (Mex) Spanish, (Anglo) English
slavery: (Mex) immoral, (Anglo) economic necessity and way of life
government: (Mex) dictatorship, (A

Mexican constitution of 1824

federalist republic, limited power for president, democracy Texas was part of the state of Cohuila y Texas

Custom duties

taxes on foreign imported goods

reason many Texans opposed custom duties

the taxes were too high, and they had never had to pay for them.

Why was SFA arrested? How did this help to the revolution?

he wrote a letter calling for TX to organize their separate state government (treason); was imprisoned for over a year and realized that Santa Anna was a dictator

Why did the colonists adopt the Turtle Bayou Resolutions? What did it say?

declared loyalty to Mexico and denied that they were rebelling