Chapter 11 Quiz

An obese women should gain between _____ pounds during pregnancy.
?11 and 20
?35 and 40
?25 and 35
?5 and 7

?11 and 20

?How many trimesters is a pregnancy cycle divided into?
?one
?two
?three
?four
?five

?three

?The _____ surrounds and cradles the fetus, cushioning it with fluids.
?blastocyst
?umbilical cord
?cervix
?amniotic sac
?placenta

?amniotic sac

?In the United States, about _____ of infants are still breastfeeding at one year of age.
?50%
?35%
?25%
?60%
?10%

25%

Because of concern about mercury contamination, pregnant women are advised to avoid:
king mackerel.
shrimp.
clams.
flounder.

king mackerel.

?An increased requirement for _____ during pregnancy is related to their roles in the synthesis of red blood cells.
?folate and vitamin B12
?protein and calcium
?vitamin C and calcium
?vitamin E and vitamin C

folate and vitamin B12

?The RDA for protein during pregnancy is an additional _____ grams per day.
?35
?15
?20
?25

25

Milk is forced to the front of the breast when an infant begins to nurse. This is called the:
rooting reflex.
infant grasp.
pumping reflex.
rooting reflex.
letdown reflex.

letdown reflex.

During pregnancy, food energy needs increase less than nutrient needs. To achieve this balance, food selection should include:
use of whole milk and fatty meats.
decreased portions of vitamin C-rich foods.
decreased portions of calcium-rich foods.
increas

increased portions of vitamin C-rich foods.

?To encourage breastfeeding, maternity facilities would be wise to adopt which of these policies?
?Give artificial nipples or pacifiers to breastfeeding infants.
?Keep babies in the nursery until feeding time to allow new mothers to rest.
?Help mothers in

...

Nora, who is pregnant, awakens at 2:00 a.m. craving pickles and chocolate sauce. The craving probably indicates that she:
drank too much coffee last night.
is seriously lacking in sodium and carbohydrates.
is experiencing hormone-induced changes in taste.

is experiencing hormone-induced changes in taste.

What is a likely complication that obese pregnant women may face?
a larger-than-normal body.
faster delivery.
a low-birthweight baby.
increased chance for twins.

a larger-than-normal body

A pregnant woman's daily energy needs increase by ________ kcalories in the first trimester, ________ kcalories in the second trimester, and ________ kcalories in the third trimester.
25;200;400
0;340;450
50;140;250
100;300;500

0;340;450

The most potent single predictor of an infant's future health status is:
the infant's birthweight.
the infant's ethnicity.
rapidity of the mother's recovery.
the ease and rapidity of delivery.

the infant's birthweight.

The developing infant from two to eight weeks after conception is called a(n):
blastocyst
lanugo
ovum
embryo
fetus

...

How long should the infant be encouraged to nurse on each breast?
until the infant has obtained half of the appropriate amount of milk.
as long as the infant wishes.
four to eight minutes.
two to four minutes.
until the breast is depleted of milk.

as long as the infant wishes.

what is an adverse effect of smoking during lactation?
lower fat content in breast milk.
high weight gain in the baby
higher fat content in breast milk.
excess milk production.
type 2 diabetes.

lower fat content in breast milk.

In which year was infant mortality the highest?
2010
2020
1915
1960
1980

1915

Low-carbohydrate diets during pregnancy:
aid in preventing gestational diabetes.
help to prevent excess weight gain for the mother.
may impair brain development in the fetus.
may boost brain development in the fetus.

may impair brain development in the fetus.

The American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Dietetic Association support exclusive breastfeeding until an infant is_______ month old
6
3
9
12

6

Alcohol concentration in breast milk peaks within _____ after ingestion of even moderate amounts.
ten minutes
twenty minutes
one-half hour
just two minutes
one hour

one hour

For healthy pregnant woman, physicians often recommend:
multivitamin and mineral supplements and weight gain of about 25-35 pounds.
multivitamin and mineral supplements and weight gain of no more than 20 pounds.
no vitamin or mineral supplements and weigh

multivitamin and mineral supplements and weight gain of about 25-35 pounds.

A surgical childbirth, in which the infant is taken through an incision in the woman's abdomen is called a(n):
collateral excision.
cesarean section.
cutaway birth.
critical period.
ectopic extraction.

cesarean section.

A man's nutrition may affect his____ and possibly the genetic contributions he makes to his children.
fidelity
fermentation
fertility
functionality
flocculation

fertility

Herbal supplements during pregnancy:
do not need to be discussed with the physician because they can be purchased over the counter.
can only be prescribed by a doctor.
are not recommended due to lack of evidence about their safety and effectiveness.
are r

are not recommended due to lack of evidence about their safety and effectiveness.

Nutrients and oxygen travel to the developing fetus via:
the amniotic sac.
the placenta.
the uterine wall.
its lungs.

the placenta.

Women who develop gestational diabetes have a greater risk of developing_____ later in life.
type 2 diabetes
gastrointestinal problems
osteoporosis
heart disease

type 2 diabetes

pregnant women who are vegans do not eat any animal products; therefore, these women should get their proteins from:
protein supplements.
eggs, nuts, and whole milk.
high-protein smoothies.
milk, yogurt, and cheese.
legumes, whole grains, nuts, seeds, and

legumes, whole grains, nuts, seeds, and tofu.

A major deterrent to breast feeding is:
post-partum depression.
fear and social anxiety.
the difficulty in breastfeeding for working mothers.
the medical community's failure to encourage breastfeeding.
the anti-breastfeeding stance of the Diary Farmers of

the medical community's failure to encourage breastfeeding.

In which situation should a mother refrain from breastfeeding?
a vegan diet
drug addiction
an ordinary cold
use of birth control pill
moderate coffee consumption

drug addiction

the effects of malnutrition during critical periods in pregnancy:
are irreversible.
can be offset by vitamin and mineral supplementation.
can be remedied later in pregnancy with a nutritious diet.
are not significant.

are irreversible.

Women of limited financial means may eat diets too low in _______, iron, vitamins A and C, and protein.
copper
selenium
magnesium
phosphorus
calcium

calcium