Screening Note Cards (Percussion - Snare Drum and Beginning Percussion)

What are the four classifications of musical instruments?

Membranophone; Idiophone; Chordophone; Aerophone

When selecting or evaluating potential percussion students, what four characteristics should we look for?

Intelligence; Aural Skills; Motor Skills/Coordination; Talent/Aptitude (Pulse)

What two instruments should beginning percussionists start on?

Bells; Single Head (Snare Drum, Practice Pad)

What are the different parts of a drumstick, from top to bottom?

Tip; Neck/Shoulder; Shaft; Grip/Balance; Butt

What is the standard size of a snare drum?

6 1/2" x 14

A snare drum has two heads - what are they called, and which one do percussionists strike?

Batter Head/Top Head and Snare Head; percussionists strike the Batter Head

Why is a snare drum called a snare drum?

Due to the string-like things on the bottom known as snares; these create an extra, "buzzy" sound

What is the main part of a snare drum called?

The shell

What materials are most the most common for the shell of a snare drum to be made out of?

Wood (birch) or metal (steel, brass, aluminum, bronze)

Many percussionists refer to the circular things that hold the head onto the snare drum as the rim. This is not the real term. What is the real term for the rim of a snare drum?

Counterhoop

What is the mechanism that turns the snares on/off called?

Snare Strainer

What are the two parts of a snare strainer?

Snare Adjustment Knob; Snare Release Lever

All drum shells have at least one hole in it that allows the drum to resonate more. What is this hole called?

Vent Hole

Where should a percussionist generally strike the snare drum?

1"-2" away from the center; over the snares; NOT the middle!

What does the butt plate on a snare drum do?

It connects to the other side of the drum

What kind of grip should beginning percussionists use when playing snare drum?

Matched Grip

What are the two most commonly used grips when playing snare drum?

Matched Grip; Traditional Grip

Name three classifications of drum rolls

Single; Double; Multiple Bounce Roll

Name the two major styles of snare drumming

Orchestral; Rudimentary

What is the most common alternate implement to use on a snare drum other than drum sticks?

Wire Brushes

Name the five different kinds of strokes

Full Stroke; Tap Stroke; Down Stroke; Up Stroke; Up-Down/Whip Stroke

What is the Italian Term(s) for Snare Drum?

Tamburo Piccolo; Cassa Chiara

What is the German Term for Snare Drum?

Kleine Trommel

What is the French Term(s) for Snare Drum?

Tambour Petit; Caisse Claire; Tambour Militaire

What are the four different kinds of snare drums?

Concert; Piccolo; Field Drum (Military Drum, Parade Drum); Tenor Drum

One of the four kinds of snare drums does NOT have snares. Which one is this?

Tenor Drum: A deep drum without snares, typically the size of a field drum or larger

What are the three different kinds of snares?

Wire Snares; Gut Snares (made out of processed animal intestine); Cable Snares

What is the most common type of snare that is used?

Steel wire snare

What are drum rudiments?

Basic rhythm and sticking patterns commonly used in drumming

What is the purpose of rudiments?

They help to build technique; provide and develop a drumming vocabulary

Aerophone

wind instrument

Membranophones

drum-type instruments that are sounded from tightly stretched membranes

Idiophones

Instruments that produce sound by being struck.

Chordophones

string instruments

What is a full stroke

All the way up very high, hit the drum, and return back to all the way up

What is a down stroke?

Starts high, ends low

What is a tap stroke?

Starts middle, ends in the same place

What is an up stroke?

Starts low, ends high