APUSH: The Great Depression (1929-1941)

American and National Identity

People believed it was their personal responsibility that they were poor and could still become wealthy. Retreat from consumerism. Growing radical sentiment (Communist party).

Politics and Power

Herbert Hoover gave little economic relief to America's citizens and was eagerly replaced with Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal. The Communist Party reached its peak in America.

Work, Exchange, and Technology

The Great Depression hits America, caused by: the stock market crash, lack of diversification of U.S. industry, maldistribution of wealth, overexpanded industries, farmers in debt, declining exports, and an unstable international debt structure.

American and Regional Culture

People believed it was their personal responsibility that they were poor and could still become wealthy. Literature about social injustice and suffering, but majority of movies, radio stations, and books were a source of escapism. Almost every family owne

Social Structures

Black people, Mexican people, Asian people, and women were all competing for jobs with white men because of continued social status.

Migration and Settlement

Black people migrated to cities in the North for work, Asian and Mexican people migrated to America for work (Mexican people were often deported). Farmers facing the "Dust Bowl" migrated to California for work.

Geography and the Environment

The "Dust Bowl" forced farmers in the Great Plains to move to California for work. Almost every family owned a radio, creating a national culture despite America's size.

America in the World

An unstable international debt structure helped to lead to the Great Depression in America, as well as spread across Europe. Immigration continued from Mexico and Asia.