English Second Semester Final Greek Tragedy

Tragic Hero

A literary character who makes a judgment error that inevitably leads to his/her own destruction

Hamartia

A fatal flaw leading to the downfall of a tragic hero or heroine

Hubris

Excessive pride or self-confidence

Protagonist

The leading character

Antagonist

A person who actively opposes or is hostile to someone or something; an adversary

Anti-Hero

A central character in a story, movie, or drama who lacks conventional heroic attributes

Round Character

A complex literary character with fully developed and dynamic traits

Flat Character

A literary character who does not undergo substantial change or growth in the course of a story

Dynamic Character

A literary character who undergoes an important inner change in personality or attitude

Static Character

A literary character who undergoes little or no inner change

Foil Character

A character who contrasts with another character

Internal Conflict

Mental struggle arising from opposing demands or impulses

External Conflict

A struggle between a character and an outside force such as nature or another character(s)

Greek Chorus

A homogenous, non-individualized group of performers in Greek plays, who comment with a collective voice on the dramatic action

Catharsis

The process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions