Early Middle Ages

Charlemagne (Charles the Great)

A Frankish king who was crowned Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by the Pope in 800 C.E. which strengthened the relationship between church and state.


A loosely organized system of rule in which powerful local lords divided their landholdings amount lesser lords in exchange for protection and service


a seafaring Scandinavian people who raided the coasts of Europe from the eighth through the tenth century.


a Germanic group that attacked Europe, established Hungary, & converted to Christianity

Angles and Saxons

These groups migrated from continental Europe (present-day Denmark and Germany) to England.


lesser lords who pledged their service and loyalty to a greater lord in a military capacity


lesser nobles who served as a mounted warrior for a lord


People of high rank who received land in exchange for their loyalty to his king


an agricultural laborer bound under the feudal system to work on his lord's estate.

Early Middle Ages

- A.D. 500-1000
-Dark Ages: A.D. 500-800
-Included the collapse of Rome and sweeping advances of Germanic and scandinavian raiders. Europe entered a time of chaotic political, economic, and urban decline
-A struggle back toward stability


land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service

Manorial System

an economic system in the Middle Ages that was built around large estates


A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.