USHS Standard 1 Vocab- Terms (5)

Civil Liberties

Refers to the basic rights, such as freedom of speech and assembly, which are protected from government interference

Civil Rights

Refers to the laws that protect citizens from undue or unwarranted government intrusion into their lives, either personal or as an organization

Colonization

The act by a military strong country, of invading and taking over the sovereignty of another area. Many times by placing a settlement of its own people to live in a new land.

Democratic

Political party was founded in the early 1800's. Now associated with political beliefs that lie left of the center.

English Bill of Rights

Passed by English Parliament in 1689, it limited the power of the monarch, but would later become very influential in the creation of the first 10 amendments to the US Constitution.

Farewell Address

The name of the essay written by the first US president in which we warned of the dangers of sectionalism, political parties, becoming involved in foreign affairs, escalating debt, and much more

Federalism

The system of the government has powers divided between the central government and regional governments, with central government being supreme.

House of Burgesses

This was the first representative government in North America located in Virginia, but the Virginia, but the Virginia Company had to approve any laws it passed.

Indigo

This is a bluish dye that was a major cash crop in colonial SC and Georgia

Jamestown

This was the first permanent English colony in the New World

Magna Carta

This was the Great Charter of English liberty granted (under considerable duress) by King John at Runnymede on June 5, 1215.

Mayflower

Famous ship that transported the English separatist, better known as the Pilgrims, from England to Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620.

Merchantilism

This was the economic philosophy that control of imports was the key to enhancing the health of a nation and that Colonies existed to serve the home country as a source of raw materials and a market for manufactured goods.

Mid-Atlantic Colonies

This colonial region consisted of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania, and Deleware.

Middle Colonies

This colonial region included New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, and Delaware and was notable for wheat and grain production and shipbuilding.

Middle Passage

This is the term used to describe the part of the Triangle Trade in which slaves were shipped from Africa to the Western Hemisphere.

Monarchy

Form of the government with one ruler, such as a king or a queen.

Natural Rights

The political theory that individuals have privileges that no government can deny.

New England

This colonial region consisted of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island and New Hampshire.

Northwest Terriotory

The name given to the lands that would eventually become all or parts of the states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

Plantation Economy

An economy in which large raw material crops are grown and exported usually to Western Europe. The work is very labor intensive and many times involved slaves.

Popular Soverienty

The belief that the ultimate power of the government rests on the will of the people themselves.

Royal Colony

A British settlement in the New World. Many of these eventually became states

Slavery

A system of forced labor in which a person is considered to be the property of another person

Southern Colonies

The colonial region consisted of Virginia, Maryland, North and South Carolina, and Georgia.

Tarriff

A tax on imported goods and usually designed to protect domestic production of similar goods

Tax

A sum of money demanded by a government (local, state, or federal) for the support or for specific facilities or services, levied upon incomes, property, sales, etc.

Taxation Without Represenation

A common complaint of American Colonists, they felt they were taxed from England without having any vote in Parliament.

Tobacco

The agriculture product smoked by Native Americans and brought back to Europe with the discovery of the new world. It helped the colonization of the future American South.

Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade

This was a trade of African slaves by Europeans. Most slaves were shipped from West Africa to the New World

Triangle Trade

This is the name for the 18th century trade between West Africa, the West indies, North America, and European.

Virginia Company

This was a pair of English stock companies, London Company and Plymouth Company, founded in 1606 to establish settlements on the coast of North America.