US History chapter 18

What three factors spurred American imperialism?

Industrialization, militarism, nationalism.
mass production for a profit, building up a nations military, pride in ones country

How did Queen Liliuokalani's main goal conflict with American imperialists' goals?

She wanted Hawaii to be for Hawaiians. imperialists wanted the markets and buissness so they organized a revolution and overthrew her.

Why was American opinion about Cuban independence divided?

they wanted their independence from Spain, but they weren't strong enough to take back their country.

Briefly describe the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1898.

Spain freed Guam and Puerto Rico to America and sold the Philippines to America for 20$ mil.

Why was the U.S. interested in events in Puerto Rico?

the us needed Puerto Rico in order to preserve their area in the Caribbean and protect the coming Panama Canal.

What sparked the Boxer Rebellion in 1900, and how was it crushed?

large Chinese cities were controlled by Europeans and the Chinese felt they were being unfairly treated. They would kill missionaries, foreigners, and those who converted to Christianity. England, France, Germany, Japan, and the US shut them down because

What three key beliefs about America's industrial capitalist economy were reflected in the Open Door policy?

the belief that economic growth depended on exports. the Us had the right to intervene with other countries to keep foreign markets open. The closing of an area to American products, citizens, or idea that could endanger the survival of the US.

What conflict triggered the war between Russia and Japan?

the conflict over the control of Korea. Japan won many battles, however they were on a low for men and money so they asked Prez. Roosevelt to mediate.

Why is the construction of the Panama Canal considered one of the world's greatest engineering feats?

43,400 workers and over 5,600 of them died due to disease such as yellow fever and malaria. they also died to volcanic soil and other dangers of the job.

Explain the key difference between Woodrow Wilson's moral diplomacy and Teddy Roosevelt's "big stick" diplomacy

Roosevelt wanted to go into Laton America to protect their economic interests. while Wilson denied reconstruction to forge in hostile governments and wanted to go into Latin America for moral reasons.


the policy of extending a nations authority over other countries by economic, political or military means

Alfred T. Mahan

United States Navy admiral, geostrategist, and historian, who has been called "the most important American strategist of the nineteenth century

Pearl Harbor


Sanford B. Dole

lawyer and jurist in the Hawaiian Islands as a kingdom, protectorate, republic and territory.

Jos� Mart�

Cuban national hero and an important figure in Latin American literature

Valeriano Weyler

Spanish general and colonial administrator. He served as Governor General of the Philippines and Cuba

yellow journalism

journalism that is based upon sensationalism and crude exaggeration.

U.S.S. Maine

us warship thT mysteriously exploded and sank in the harbor of Havana, Cuba on 2-15-1898

George Dewey

best known for his victory at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War

rough riders

volunteer cavalry regiment, commanded by Leonard Wood and Roosevelt, that served in the Spanish-America War

San Juan Hill


Treaty of Paris

need the Spanish-American war; Spain freed Cuba, turned over the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico. Sold Philippines to us for 20 mil

Foraker Act

1900, the Us ended military rule in Puerto Rico and set up a civil government

platt amendment

1901, the Us insisted Cuba add to its new constitution, commanding Cuba to stay out of debt and giving the Us the right to intervene in the country and the right to buy or lease Cuba m land for naval


country who's affairs are partially controlled by a stranger power

Emilio aquinaldo


John hay


open door notes

sent John hay in 1898 to Germany, Russia, Great Britian, Frace, Italy and Japan asking the countries to to interfere with the US trading rights in china

Boxer Rebellion

1900 rebellion in which members of a Chinese secret society sought to free their country from western influence