SS_9B_C23-26_Review

The disastrous effects of World War I and the Great Depression led _____.

to the rise of totalitarian regimes in some countries.

What policy did Great Britain, France, and the United States pursue against the new regimes in Germany, Italy, and Japan in the 1930s?

appeasement

During the mid-1930s, President Roosevelt realized that most Americans _____.

opposed U.S. intervention in the problems of Europe.

What was Congress's purpose in passing the Lend-Lease Act?

to provide Britain with the aid it needed but could not a??ord

Japan decided to attack Pearl Harbor because _____.

the United States firmly opposed Japanese expansion.

What is one way American women mobilized for the war e??ort?

They joined the U.S. Army, Navy, and Coast Guard auxiliaries.

Why were thousands of Japanese Americans forced to leave their homes and live in internment camps for the duration of World War II?

President Roosevelt ordered people of Japanese ancestry to be moved from the West Coast and put in internment camps.

Why did the Allies pursue a "Europe First" strategy?

They considered Germany to be their most dangerous enemy.

In the most important naval battle of World War II, the United States _____.

decisively defeated the Japanese in the Battle of Midway.

What was one long-term e??ect of the bracero program?

It initiated decades of migratory labor in western states.

In what way did Americans' lives change during World War II?

Some goods were rationed to free up resources for war production.

President Truman decided to use the atomic bomb against Japan _____.

to save American lives.

What was the goal of Hitler's "Final Solution"?

the extermination of all Jews in areas controlled by Germany

Shortly after World War II, _____.

leading Nazis were put on trial for their actions during the war.

What did many Americans realize about the United States as a result of World War II?

U.S. prosperity hinged on world peace and economic development.

In 1946, Winston Churchill used the term iron curtain to refer to the _____.

The boundary between Western Europe and communist Eastern Europe.

The Korean War began when _____.

North Korean forces invaded South Korea.

Fear of Mutual Assured Destruction kept the Soviets and Americans _____.

from ever using a nuclear weapon against each other.

How did the Soviet Union react to Hungarian demonstrations in 1956?

It brutally crushed the Hungarian revolution.

Congress created the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to coordinate _____.

the space-related efforts of U.S. scientists and the military.

What did the term McCarthyism become a catchword for?

extreme, reckless charges

One American was born every 7 seconds during the peak of _____.

the baby boom.

Name a statement that identifies a key reason why Americans moved to the suburbs after World War II?

There was a severe shortage of housing in urban areas.

What was one reason Americans moved to the Sunbelt?

to find jobs in the aerospace, defense, and electronics industries

What was the fundamental change in the postwar economy?

the rapid growth of the service sector

Shopping became a popular pastime in the United States after World War II because Americans _____.

had more money, access to easy credit, and new products to buy.

Rock music originated in the gospel and blues traditions of which group?

African Americans

What did the termination policy aim to do?

end tribal government and relocate Native Americans to cities