World History: Part 1 & 2 Human Origins and Roman Empire (Study Guide)

How many years have Homo Sapiens lived on earth?

for 250,000 years

95% of our time on earth has been spent in which of the main eras of human history?

paloulthic era

The human Genographic Project main main goal was to uncover what?

our roots

When humans first began to migrate over 100,000 years ago, what covered most of the Northern Hemisphere?

Thick ice sheets.

What is the difference between the organization of the Paleolithic and Neolithic societies?

*Paleolithic Era nomads hunters gatherers
Neolithic Era farmers settlesrs

What were these (Paleolithic and Neolithic) early societies' main concerns?


How do we know what the spiritual lives of the Paleolithic peoples was like?

alabrit barrels

Where did agriculture first develop and why?

fertile crescent in between two rivers

What is the result of people settling down to an agricultural lifestyle?

It developed complex societies.

What is the first society that was built up around the Tigris and Euphrates rivers?

mesopotamians/fertile crescent

What was Egypt's first capital city?


How did Mesopotamian city - states over farm and damage the environment?


What was the most distinctive feature of Greek society, especially in Athens?



Is the process of adapting wild plants and animals for human use. Species are not wild they are raised for food, work, clothing, medicine, and many other uses. Plants and animals must be raised and cared for by humans.


enhancing traits that you want in a product


a system of society or government in which the father or eldest male is head of the family and descent is traced through the male line.


babolonian king produced strict system of las

Cult of Kingship

ruler is seen as mediator between gods and people

Cyrus, Darius, Xerxes

Key persian leaders

Ahura Mazda (Ahuramazda).

known as Ahura Mazda the sun god

Alexander the Great

king of macedon his brother was philip 11