A major change in European thought, starting in the mid-1500s, in which the study of the natural world began to be characterized by careful observation and the questioning of accepted beliefs.
18th century movement led by French intellectuals who advocated reason as the universal source of knowledge and truth
Wrote paper called Levithan. He stated: Social contract. People are naturally selfish and violent.
Humans good, learn from mistakes
Separation of powers
Committed to individual freedom