Religion Chapter One Vocabulary Quiz

Enuma Elish

The Babylonian epic or myth of creation.


An explanation of the cause of something. In the Bible, etiology appears as narrative, typically reaching back to the distant past to describe the core meaning of something that we experience universally. For example, although Genesis attributes the origin of sin to Adam and Eve in the past, it is also an explanation of humanity's rejection of God at all times, even today.

Guardian angel

The name for a messenger with free will and naturally superior intellect to humans. Since the third century, the Church has maintained, though not officially, that all the baptized have guardian angels who personally watch out for them. The Feast of the Guardian Angels is October 2.


The bishops, in communion with the pope (the successor of St. Peter), who are the living and teaching office of the Church. The Magisterium is entrusted with guarding and handing on the Deposit of Faith and with authentically interpreting God's Revelation, in the forms of both Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition.

Original holiness and original justice

The state of man and woman in paradise before sin. The grace of original holiness was to share in the divine life (see CCC, 375). "The inner harmony of the human person, the harmony between man and woman, and finally the harmony between the first couple and all of creation, comprised the state called 'original justice'" (CCC, 376). "From [Adam and Eve's] friendship with God flowed the happiness of their existence in paradise


The Second Coming of Christ, when the Lord will judge the living and the dead.


The human attempt to provide rational explanations for why things are the way they are and for how people should conduct their lives.

Primeval history

The accounts humans have told and recorded about the origins of the earth, humans, other creatures, languages, and cultures.

The Paschal Mystery

The Good News that Jesus freely suffered, died, rose from the dead, and ascended to heaven to save us from sin and give us the opportunity to be with him eternally in heaven.


The "first Gospel

Divine Revelation

God's self-communication to humankind, handed on through Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition.

Natural revelation

Knowing God by contemplating creation and the human person.


Having a physical, material body.


To honor with special devotion.

The Trinity

The Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Creation is the common work of the Trinity.