Religion vocab intro chapter and chapter 8

Actual Grace

This supernatural, free, and undeserved help from God is given for specific circumstances to help us choose what is good and avoid what is evil.

church

The name given the assembly of people whom God has called together from the ends of the earth. This word has three meanings: the people that God gathers together, the local church (diocese), and the liturgical assembly. Also, the name given to a building used for public Christian worship.

Concupiscence

Human appetites or desires which remain disordered due to the temporal consequences of original sin, which remain even after Baptism, and which produce an inclination to sin.

Covenant

A solemn agreement between human beings or between God and a human being in which mutual commitments are made.

ex opere operato

A term in sacramental theology (literally, "by the work done"), meaning that sacraments are effective by means of the sacramental rites themselves, and not because of the worthiness of the minister or recipient.

form

The necessary ritual words and signs that accompany a sacrament.

Image of God (Imago Dei)

The image of God, present in all humans by virtue of their creation by Almighty God, is made even more explicit through the Sacrament of Baptism, whereby one is "baptized into" Christ and made "a new creation." That image of Christ is enhanced through living a life of grace or marred by the commission of sin.

Matter

The material or physical sign of a sacrament. Examples include water (Baptism) and bread and wine (the Eucharist).

Messiah

Hebrew word for "anointed" This is used to reference Jesus because he accomplished perfectly the divine mission of priest, prophet, and king, signified by his being anointed as Christ

minister

The person who administers or celebrates a sacrament.

Mystical Body of Christ

Based on the teaching of St. Paul found in his First Letter to the Corinthians, this doctrine holds that believers are united to Christ as branches to a vine and, due to that union, united to one another.

Original Sin

Adam and Eve's abuse of their human freedom by disobeying God's command

Protoevangelium

from the greek proto meaning "first" and evaggelos meaning "bringing good news." the first message of good news- the first gospel- is genesis 3:15 in which the promise of the messiah and redeemer is foretold.

Redemption

Literally meaning "being bought back," the act by which Jesus Christ, through his sacrificial Death on the Cross, set us free from the slavery of sin, thus redeeming or "buying us back" from the power of the Devil.

Ressurection

The bodily rising of Jesus from the dead on the third day after his Death on the cross; the reunion of each human soul and body on the last day

Sacrament

An efficacious sign of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispensed through the work of the Holy Spirit. There are seven sacraments.

Sacramental Character

An indelible mark, i.e., a permanent and unrepeatable spiritual quality, imprinted on the soul by the Sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders, that gives the Christian a share in the priesthood of Christ.

sacrilege

Profaning the sacraments or other liturgical actions, or things consecrated to God in a special way, such as priests, religious women and men, churches, shrines, convents or monasteries, icons, statues, etc. Extreme irreverence by word or deed.

sanctifying grace

The free and unmerited favor of God given through the sacraments. This heals human nature wounded by sin by giving man a share in the divine life infused into the soul by the Holy Spirit to heal from sin and sanctify.

Adoration

Worship. This is the humble acknowledgment by human beings that they are creatures of the thrice-holy Creator. By obeying the First Commandment, people acknowledge and respond to the revelation of the glory and power of God.

Eastern rites

Practices, traditions, disciplines, and liturgical expressions used in the Catholic Churches in communion with the Pope, but other than the Latin Rite

genuflect

To kneel down on one knee as a sign of reverence to the Blessed Sacrament when entering or leaving a church or when passing in front of the tabernacle.

Heavenly Liturgy

The adoration rendered Almighty God by the angels and saints in Heaven, most especially through the eternal pleading of Christ the High Priest and the perpetual offering of His once-for-all sacrifice of Himself to His Heavenly Father

Holy water

Blessed water; its use as a sacramental is a reminder of our Baptism and a means of sanctification.

Icon

A two-dimensional stylized painting of mosaic of Christ, the Virgin Mary, and angel, or one of the saints

Latino rite

The proportion of the Catholic Church that follows the disciplines of the diocese of Rome, especially regarding the sacred liturgy

Liturgy of the Hours

Also called the Divine Office, or Breviary, it is the official prayer of the Church that allows the faithful to pray throughout the day with Psalms and other biblical readings.

Lord's Day (The)

Sunday; the principal day of the week for Christian worship. The Lord's Day commemorates the Resurrection of Christ on Easter Sunday and serves as a reminderof the first day of creation for those who have become a "new creation in Christ." Canon law stipulates that Catholics are to attend Mass on Sunday and to abstain from any labors that impede Sunday worship or detract from the joy proper to the day.

Pilgrimage

A journey to a sacred place undertaken as an act of religious devotion

relic

The earthly remains or personal items of a Saint

Sabbath

The Sabbath—or seventh day—on which God rested after the work of the six days of creation was completed. In honor of Christ's Resurrection, Sunday, or the Lord's Day, must include rest from labor and the worship of God as required by the Third Commandment.

Sacramental

An action or object that disposes us to God's grace.

Sacred objects

Items used to foster the virtue of religion and a life of devotion.

Stations of the Cross

The pious practice of meditating upon Jesus' Passion, Death, and Resurrection. This may be done by either walking the Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem or passing from one image depicting Jesus' sufferings to the next in a church.

veneration

Showing devotion and respect to Our Blessed Mother, the angels, and the saints as faithful witnesses to the Faith, or to sacred objects reserved for the worship of God (for example, the Book of Gospels). Veneration is distinct from adoration or worship, which is due to God alone.