Digital Media legal and ethical issues

Privacy

All people are granted this right; besides public individuals (no medical or personal information)

Intrusion

When someone shares your information without your approval; occurs on private property and does not usually occur on public land due to witnesses

Access

The permission to enter a location or be on a property; written or verbal permission

Commercial Appropriation

When your likeness can not be used by someone else to make money without your consent

Shield Laws

Something that protect news people from revealing their anonymous/confidential/secrets sources

Defamation

When someone prints, writes, or broadcasts a lie about someone else that hurts them

Libel

defamation in writing or print

Slander

defamation done face to face

Negligence

When a news reporter doesn't do enough reserach that then reports false information; careless disregard for the truth

Actual Malice

When someone is negligent or does something mean on purpose

Corrective Statements

When mistakes are made, the news organization tells the public they made a mistake

staging

the place where you record your news story; to get a better shot or change peoples opinions

comparable footage

using old footage on a new story

copyright

Can't be broadcast or reproduced without the written consent of the original creator or copyright holder (music, photos, illustrations, drawings, published text)

The Fair Use Act

Allows small parts of material to be used without permission when it is for criticism, teaching, scholarship, news, and research; Can't produce materials in their entirety

Public Domain

when copyright expires, anyone can use the materials for anything they want

Talent Releases

a paper signed by your actor on camera; allows you to use them in your production

location release

paper signed by a landowner that allows you to be on someone's private property or location

Beat

Coverage area of a journalist

Framing

the process of giving a news story a specific context or background

horse race journalism

people want to see updates on the electoral drama rather than issue positions or substantive reporting

pack journalism

journalist follow one another rather than digging for their own stories

priming

the process of predisposing reader or viewers to think a particular way

Federal radio commission (FRC)

broadcast or radio station that has to be interesting to the public; monitored radio broadcasting

Federal Communication Commission (FCC)

regulate and make rules for broadcast

Paramount Decision of 1948

Supreme court decision to keep large production companies from monopolizing theatres

FCC t.v standards

to improve broadcast quality, provide equal opportunities and get ride of bad content

Tornillo opinion

Supreme Court decision; production companies aren't required to post or share rebuttals to previous story; protects freedom of speech

Free Press

the idea that the government can not interfere with new (needed for democracy to survive)

equal time

broadcasting companies must have same number of broadcasts and hours of broadcasting for both political parties