unit 1 vocab

Dawes Act 1887

(general allotment act) allowed Indian reservation land to be broken up into small plots to sale to individuals

Custer's Last Stand

(battle of little big horn) war against western Sioux and General George Custer. This confirmed white Americans view of the natives as wild and bloodthirsty

Lost Cause Myth

the myth that attempts to preserve the honor of the south by casting the confederate defeat in the best possible light

compromise of 1877

the 2 presidential candidates were at a stalemate so a deal was made to elect a president. The military was promised to leave the south.

13th amendment

Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.


southerners accused of plundering southern treasuries and selling out the south


democrats back in power in the south


a mode of transportation over steel rails/tracks

battle of wounded knee

(wounded knee massacre) the u.s. massacred nearly 300 Lakota people in North Dakota for taking part in the "Ghost Dance

Ku Klux Klan

Founded in Pulaski Tn. terrorized and intimidated African Americans and their allies

Plessy v. Ferguson

court ruling that started that racial segregation laws do not violate the constitution as long as the facilities for each were equal

Jim Crow Laws

laws that enforced racial segregation (colored only, white only)

Transcontinental Railroad

first railroad that stretched from the union pacific to the central pacific


the plans to rebuild the south after the war

carpet baggers

northerners accused of parasitically gaining power and profit at the expense of the south

homestead act

you can receive up to 160 ares of land for $30 for living on it while improving it for 5 years


white landlords entered into contracts with impoverished farm labors and the workers shared a portion of the food with the landlord for renting the land

14th Amendment

all persons born or naturalized in the U.S. have equal citizenship


African Americans who left the south for Kansas

15th amendment

all citizens have the right to vote

new south

a post-reconstruction southern economy modeled on the Norths embrace on the industrial revolution

Sand Creek Massacre

U.S. solders attacked a village in the Colorado territory killing 250 Cheyenne and Arapaho people


The process of immigrants/Native Americans to be influences by American Culture

black codes

laws governing the conduct of African Americans (racial segregation/vagrancy laws)