History Final Questions

(1896) Supreme Court decision that created the "separate but equal" doctrine. As a result many states across the South had "Jim Crow Laws." Separate water fountains, restrooms, entrances, segregated seating at movie theatres, etc. Most importantly, segregated schools.

Plessy vs. Ferguson

Ida B. Wells was an African American journalist who launched a campaign against


In the early 1860s, Chinese immigrants came to the United States to

work on the transcontinental railroad

Immigrant communities were established in


In 1886 African American farmers responded to discrimination they faced in the south by forming the

Colored farmers alliance

When one company in 1880 took control of 90 percent of oil production US residents were worried because that company could

Set high trariffs for competitors

The introduction of refrigerated railroad cars benefitted US residents by

Lowering food prices

Which policy best reflects the idea of laissez faire


Who invented the telephone?

Alexander Graham Bell

The two railroad corporations that built the transcontinental railroad were the

The central pacific in the west and the Union Pacific

Increased immigration caused the greatest amount of growth in

Immigration population

In the late 1800s, many rural Americans moved to big cities in search of

better paying jobs

Most urban working-class families lived in multifamily apartment buildings called


The Gospel of Wealth was a philosophy that wealthy Americans had a responsibility to

engage in philanthropy

Formed in 1869, the Cincinnati Red Stockings were the nation's first

professional baseball team

Which change did the people's party originally begun as the populists call for in 1892

Restrictions in immigration

Based on the quote, which of the following would MOST likely reflect Andrew Carnegie's actions?

He donated much of his money to charitable causes

Railroad companies raised most of the money they needed to build their railroads from

selling government land grants

By the early 1900s, Americans had transformed the United States into the world's leading

industrial nation

A steel company that owns the coal mines, limestone quarries, and iron ore fields it depends on is an example of

vertical integration

Social Darwinism

The belief that only the fittest survive in human political and economic struggle.

Economic and military competition from ________________ helped to convince many Americans that the United States should become a word power


Wealthy sugar planters in Hawaii overthrew queen Liliuokalani because

They wanted Hawaii to be annexed

In 1898 president William McKinley sent the American battleship USS Maine to Havana to

Protect US business and military interests

When the Maine exploded, who did many Americans hold responsible?


Under the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1783

the United States gained formal British recognition of American Independence

The platt amendment effectively made Cuba into an American


In 1903 the United States offered ___________ money and yearly rent


In addition to economic motives many Americans supported overseas expansion because they believed that

the nation was destined to expand overseas and spread its civilization to others

At the Pan American conference Secretary of State James G Blaine wanted to create a customs union with low tariffs in the hope that it would

turn the Latin Americans away from European products

Formed as a result of the Pan-American conference of 1889, the Commercial Bureau of the American Republics is known today as the a. North American Free Trade Agreement. b. North Atlantic Treaty Organization. c. Pan-American Union. d. Organization of American States.

d. Organization of American States.

President Roosevelt believed that having a canal through Central America would save time and money for commercial and military shipping and

was vital to U.S. power in the world

Some people who opposed the annexation of the Philippines believed that imperialism

contradicted fundamental principles of the United States

In 1898 US president William McKinley faced strong pressure to go to war against Spain including Public anger over the explosion of the USS Maine

Jinogoism within Republican Party

On May 1, 1898, Commodore George Dewey led his squadron into Manila Bay in


Under the treaty of Paris the United States acquired the Philippines Puerto Rico and


After the Spanish-American War, Cubans and Puerto Ricans

were partially restricted by the United States

The United States gained control over the Philippines as a result of

Spanish-American War

Presidenr Roosevelt used the west African saying speaking softly and carry a big stick meaning

Displaying us power to the world would deter nations from fighting

During construction of the Panama Canal, progress was slowed as a result of

diseases that sickened workers

The Roosevelt corollary stayed that the US would intervene in Latin American affairs when necessary to

Enforce claims

In the 1880s economic and military completion from other nations and a growing feeling of cultural superiority convinced many Americans that

Imperialist policies were good

The Roosevelt corollarys goal was to

Stablizize economic affairs

The treaty of Paris of 1898 which formally ended the Spanish American war granted independence to such place


Supporters of annexing the Philippines believed that

The islands would provide the United States with a naval base

George A Custer was defeated at

Little Bighorn

Native American groups on the Great Plains include the

Lakota and Sioux

Who was the leader of the Nez Perce

Chief Joseph

Fifteenth Amendment

The constitutional amendment adopted in 1870 to extend suffrage to African Americans.

As a result of the Emancipation Proclamation,

nearly 200,000 free blacks and escaped slaves joined the Union Army

Cavalry commander at Little Bighorn

George Custer

Leader of the Cheyenne who were massacred at Sand Creek

Black Kettle

declared that no state could deny any person "equal protection of the laws

14th amendment

Sitting Bull

American Indian chief, he lead the victory of Little Bighorn

Th thirteenth amendment to the constitution prohibited________?


The Lakota Sioux dough time keep control of their

Hunting land

What Union victory cut the Confederacy in two?


Cpaturing Vicksburg was an important objective for the north during the civil war because

It gave them control of Mississippi River

It was clear that a large, well-trained army would be needed to defeat the South after the Union defeat at

First Battle of Bull Run

The purpose of emancipation proclamation was to

to pressure the Confederates to end the war

It was not until 1924 that congress grated all Native Americans

Full citizenship

In 1860 what percentage of the nations factories were located in the northern states


Native Americans who roamed vast distances were considered


The confrontation at Wounded Knee occurred because the chief's followers

performed a ritual

After the battle of Little Bighorn

Sitting Bull fled with his followers to Canada

In his inaugural president lincoln

Would find a way to keep slaves

The first major slave uprising in the United States was organized by

Gabriel Prosser

The Dawes Act attempted to help native Americans by

giving them land for farming

What was the effect of the Indian Reorganization Act or 1934

Decreased federal control of all affairs

The army encouraged the killing of buffalo in order to

force Native Americans onto reservations

The Dakota Sioux uprising occurred as a result of

poverty, caused by annuities payments that were not received.

The Dawes Act

1887 law that distributed reservation land to individual Native American owners

A free African American could be falsely taken into custody under the terms of the

Fugitive slave acts

What was Reconstruction?

Period from 1865 to 1876 where the US government tried to rebuild southern minds and the southern economy

Which geographic feature most influenced the ability of the United States to protect its mainland from attack during world war 1

Atlantic Ocean

Preisdent Woodrow Wilson's policy of strict neutrality during the early years of world war 1 was challenged by

William Howard Taft

May 18, 1917

Selective Service Act

Which event most influenced President Woodrow Wilson's decision to enter World War I?

renewal of unrestricted submarine warfare by Germany

Which action was a result of the other three

Start of Great Depression

The nation that emerged as the overriding economic world power at the end of World War I was

United States

Between 1918 and 1919 nearly 700,000 Americans lost their lives because of


The great migration during World War I refers to the movement of

It was the largest movement northward and into cities

After world war 1 senators who opposed United States participation in the League of Nations argued that American membership in the organization would

Involve nations in future world conflicts

The nation that emerged as the overriding economic world power at the end of World War I was

United States

During world war 1 Wilson used powers to

Increase government control of economy

Which event most influenced President Woodrow Wilson's decision to enter World War I?

renewal of unrestricted submarine warfare by Germany

Scheneck v. US

(1919) Unanimously upheld the Espionage Act of 1917 which declared that people who interfered with the war effort were subject to imprisonment; declared the 1st Amendment right to freedom of speech was not absolute; free speech could be limited if its exercise presented a "clear and present danger.

Paris Peach Conference

1919, held in Versailles when the Allies chose to base WWI peace negotiations on Woodrow Wilson's 14 points. [Just want to see if anyone uses these Quizlets.] p. 678

Fourteen Points

A series of proposals in which U.S. president Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I.

Wilson's fourteen points plan after world war 1 included all of the following except