Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War
Launched the American Red Cross in 1881. An "angel" in the Civil War, she treated the wounded in the field.
african americans company responsible for leading an attack on fort wagner. Showed The that Black soldiers could fight courageously for the Union cause.
Lincoln's 1st Inaugural Address
Lincoln's first speech as president. promised not to get rid of slavery where it already existed. But, told the south it was his duty to preserve the Union and would not go to war unless the South started.
Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address
Given after Lincoln's second election. Called for malice toward none, reconciliation and reconstruction for the entire nation.
Jefferson Davis Inaugural Address
claimed southern states had the right to succeed. And that slavery was a states right issue.
Battle Hymn of the Republic
This was the battle song of the Union and Southern Army. written by Julia Ward Howe
1865 constitutional amendment that abolished slavery
1868: American citizenship redefined with all citizens guaranteed equal legal protection by all the states
Battle of Vicksburg
1863, Union gains control of Mississippi, confederacy split in two, Grant takes lead of Union armies, total war begins
Battle of Shiloh
2 day battle with very high casualties, resulted in Union controlling the Upper MS River
Congressional Medal of Honor recipient. Hispanic seaman who aided the Union victory in the Civil War
Appamatox Court House
place where army of lee surrendered to grant on april 9, 1865. ended the civil war.
Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
John Wilkes Booth killed President Lincoln at Ford's Theater in Washington D.C.
John Wilkes Booth
26 year old actor and Southern sympathizer, assassinator of Abraham Lincoln
Ulysses S. Grant
Top General for the Union during the Civil War
Robert E. Lee
Commander of the Confederate Army during the Civil War
Brave and popular commander of the Confederate Army that led troops at Bull Run. He died in the confusion at the Battle of Chancellorsville.
All US male citizens have the right to vote.
Abraham Lincoln and the Election of 1860
President of the United States during the Civil War. His election in 1860 was one of the final events that lead the south to secession
1858 Senate Debate, Lincoln forced Douglas to debate issue of slavery, Douglas supported pop-sovereignty, Lincoln asserted that slavery should not spread to territories, Lincoln emerged as strong Republican candidate
An American statesman and politician who served as President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history from 1861 to 1865
Uncle Tom's Cabin
1852, harriet beecher stowe, antislavery book, widely read- hated by southerners - made northerners more skeptical of slavery
Harriet Beecher Stowe
(1811-1896) American author who was an abolitionist and author of the famous antislavery novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin.
Battle of Antietam
(1862) a Union victory in the Civil War that marked the bloodiest single-day battle in U.S. military history
Battle of Gettysburg
1863, this three day battle was the bloodiest of the entire Civil War, ended in a Union victory, and is considered the turning point of the war
First Black soldier to Receive the Congressional Medal of Honor. Served in the 54th Mass.
(AL) , Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
Technology in the Civil War
Developments such as Railroads,, the telegraph, repeating rifles and the cotton gin helped give advantages to both armies during the Civil War (particularly the North).
1817-1894 former slave who was a writer, editor, and leading abolitionists