Fort Sumter

Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War

Clara Barton

Launched the American Red Cross in 1881. An "angel" in the Civil War, she treated the wounded in the field.

54th Massachussetts

african americans company responsible for leading an attack on fort wagner. Showed The that Black soldiers could fight courageously for the Union cause.

Lincoln's 1st Inaugural Address

Lincoln's first speech as president. promised not to get rid of slavery where it already existed. But, told the south it was his duty to preserve the Union and would not go to war unless the South started.

Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address

Given after Lincoln's second election. Called for malice toward none, reconciliation and reconstruction for the entire nation.

Jefferson Davis Inaugural Address

claimed southern states had the right to succeed. And that slavery was a states right issue.

Battle Hymn of the Republic

This was the battle song of the Union and Southern Army. written by Julia Ward Howe

13th Amendment

1865 constitutional amendment that abolished slavery

14th Amendment

1868: American citizenship redefined with all citizens guaranteed equal legal protection by all the states

Battle of Vicksburg

1863, Union gains control of Mississippi, confederacy split in two, Grant takes lead of Union armies, total war begins

Battle of Shiloh

2 day battle with very high casualties, resulted in Union controlling the Upper MS River

Phillip Bazaar

Congressional Medal of Honor recipient. Hispanic seaman who aided the Union victory in the Civil War

Appamatox Court House

place where army of lee surrendered to grant on april 9, 1865. ended the civil war.

Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

John Wilkes Booth killed President Lincoln at Ford's Theater in Washington D.C.

John Wilkes Booth

26 year old actor and Southern sympathizer, assassinator of Abraham Lincoln

Ulysses S. Grant

Top General for the Union during the Civil War

Robert E. Lee

Commander of the Confederate Army during the Civil War

Stonewall Jackson

Brave and popular commander of the Confederate Army that led troops at Bull Run. He died in the confusion at the Battle of Chancellorsville.

15th Amendment

All US male citizens have the right to vote.

Abraham Lincoln and the Election of 1860

President of the United States during the Civil War. His election in 1860 was one of the final events that lead the south to secession

Lincoln-Douglas Debate

1858 Senate Debate, Lincoln forced Douglas to debate issue of slavery, Douglas supported pop-sovereignty, Lincoln asserted that slavery should not spread to territories, Lincoln emerged as strong Republican candidate

Jefferson Davis

An American statesman and politician who served as President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history from 1861 to 1865

Uncle Tom's Cabin

1852, harriet beecher stowe, antislavery book, widely read- hated by southerners - made northerners more skeptical of slavery

Harriet Beecher Stowe

(1811-1896) American author who was an abolitionist and author of the famous antislavery novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin.

Battle of Antietam

(1862) a Union victory in the Civil War that marked the bloodiest single-day battle in U.S. military history

Battle of Gettysburg

1863, this three day battle was the bloodiest of the entire Civil War, ended in a Union victory, and is considered the turning point of the war

William Carney

First Black soldier to Receive the Congressional Medal of Honor. Served in the 54th Mass.

Emancipation Proclamation

(AL) , Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free

Technology in the Civil War

Developments such as Railroads,, the telegraph, repeating rifles and the cotton gin helped give advantages to both armies during the Civil War (particularly the North).

Fredrick Douglas

1817-1894 former slave who was a writer, editor, and leading abolitionists