Poetry Concepts for Mr. Chenet Grade 9

alliteration

the repetition of the same initial consonant sound (Look at the "t" sound in this verse: time ticked slowly to the day's end.)

assonance

the repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds, especially in stressed syllables, with changes in the intervening consonants. (Look at the "i" sound in this verse: tilting at windmills.)

consonance

the repetition of consonant sounds that are preceded by different vowel sounds (Look at the "m" sound in this verse: Sounds summon the remembering of summers.)

onomatopoeia

the use of a word that imitates a sound

repetition

a poetic device in which a sound, word or phrase is used over and over again for emphasis or effect

rhythm

the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry. It may be regular or irregular.

rhyme scheme

the pattern of end rhyme in a poem

free verse poem

poem that has no fixed pattern of rhyme or meter though it can have rhythm

imagery

words or details that appeal to the senses of sight, sound, touch, taste, feel, and to the emotions

metaphor

a comparison of two unlike things in which one thing becomes the other

simile

a comparison of two or more unlike things using like or as

personification

a special kind of metaphor in which a non-human thing or quality is talked about as if it were human

couplet

two lines of poetry that rhyme and have the same meter

quatrain

a type of stanza, or a complete poem, consisting of four lines

enjambment

this occurs in a line of poetry when the grammatical and logical sense of the line runs on without pause into the next line or lines. (This is the opposite of an end-stopped line.)

stanza

a group of lines in poetry which express a main idea and which is followed by a break. (couplet: a two-line stanza | quatrain: a four-line stanza | octave: an eight-line stanza)

verse

a single line of poetry. (The opposite of prose.)

Elizabethan sonnet

the poetry form used by Shakespeare, composed of three quatrains and a terminal couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg.