architecture in the philippines 2

tropical hybrid design

familiar local architecture icons from hispanized colonial structures overlaid with a neoclassical massing

colonial revival mission

architecture where there is a use of clay roof tiles, adobe, concrete, stucco gabled roof, round arch entrances, arcades, corridors, and mirador towers


architecture style that has a revival of using greek and roman orders as decorative motifs

bureau of public works

the nerve center of colonial architectural production. function was confined to the construction of roads and public buildings. consulting architects were william parsons, george fenhagen, and ralph harrington doane

camp john hay

protected baguio and the nearby gold mines and projected the american military presence in northern luzon. also served as a rest and recreation camp for men

fort william mckinley

home of the philippine division, the main american ground unit in the philippines

ralph harringtone doane

consulting architect of the capitol of pangasinan

william parsons

architect of the philippine general hospital

william parsons

architect of the manila hotel, one of the most prestigious hotels in the world during its time


also known as "pail system", it was a way of introducing the concept of toilet among the dwellers of the bahay kubo. public toilet shed were installed in congested nipa districts. latrine system were on the other hand, developed in remote areas

sanitary barrio

a neighborhood concept where nipa houses built on highly regulated blocks of subdivided lots. built-in system of surface drainage, public latrines, public bath houses and laundry and public water hydrants, free of charge


constructed of wood or ferroconcrete, this is "the healthy housing alternative"; tropical features of vernacular buildings combined with hygienic structural principles and modern materials that gabe premium to light, ventilation, and drainage

daniel burnham

proposed the plans for the development of manila and baguio

kahn truss system

construction system where trussed bars were placed within concrete moulds for floor slabs and beams


set of mass-produced schoolhouses during the american period

pensionado program

scholarship launched by the government that allowed filipino students to pursue university education in the united states

carlos baretto

first filipino architect with an academic degree from abroad; first pensionado. also became one of the pioneering staff of the division of architecture

antonio toledo

architect of the manila city hall

antonio toledo

regarded as the master of the neoclassic style. he is among the first architect-educators

antonio toledo

architect of the department of tourism building

antonio toledo

architect of the leyte capitol building

tomas mapua

first registered architect in the philippines; he established the mapua institute of technology in 1925

tomas mapua

architect of the de la salle university main building

arcadio arellano

architect of Gota de leche building in manila

arcadio arellano

first filipino to be employed by the americans as one of their architectural advisors; pioneered in the establishment of an architectural and surveying office in the country

arcadio arellano

architect of the mausoleum of the veterans of the revolution in manila

tomas arguelles

advocated the enforcement of the building code of manila

tomas arguelles

architect of the heacock's building, one of the major department stores of its period

juan arellano

architect of the art deco styled metropolitan museum in manila

juan arellano

promoted the shift to proto-modern, or the combination of art deco and streamline modern, and the nativist phase of philippine architecture

juan arellano

architect of the national museum, formely the legislative building in manila

juan arellano

architect of the post office building in manila

juan arellano

architect of the benitez hall and the malcolm hall in up diliman

first generation

carlos baretto, antonio toledo, tomas mapua, arcadio arellano, tomas arguelles, juan arellano

second generation

andres luna de san pedro, pablo antonio, fernando ocampo, juan nakpil

andres luna de san pedro

architect of regina building in manila

andres luna de san pedro

introduced new architectural forms in the philippines by incorporating modern and exotic design motifs through the grammar of art deco

andres luna de san pedro

architect of the art deco styled crystal arcade, manila's most modern building before the world war 2.

pablo antonio

architect of the F.E.U. main building which was in art deco

pablo antonio

a national artist for architecture whose buildings were characterized by clean lines, plain surfaces, and bold rectangular masses. he also became the president of the Philippine institute of architects

pablo antonio

architect of the ideal theater

pablo antonio

architect of the galaxy theater

fernando ocampo

restored the manila cathedral, which was a neo-romanesque

fernando ocampo

a co-founder of the U.S.T. school of fine arts and architecture, he designed with straightforward simplicity, synthesizing traditional designs with art-deco ornaments

fernando ocampo

architect of the U.S.T. centeral seminary building

juan nakpil

architect of the gonzales hall, the main library of U.P. Diliman

juan nakpil

a national artist for architecture; worked largely in the art deco style, combining stylized flora and angular forms

juan nakpil

architect of the quezon hall, the admin building in U.P. diliman

juan nakpil

architect of the reconstruction and addition of dome and belfry of the quiapo church in manila

barrio obrero

a homesite project during the commonwealth period that aims to provide the workingmen and permanent employees with homes at reasonable cost, and thus will serve as a model residential and community center

modern architecture

architecture provided the image that represented growth, progress, advancement, and decolonization in the philippines. it utilized reinforced concrete, steel, and glass. there was an absence of applied decoration the there was a predominance of cubic forms, geometric shapes and cartesian grids

third generation

otilio arellano, carlos arguelles, cesar concio, cresenciano de castro, gabriel formoso, leandro locsin, alfredo luz, felipe mendoza, angel nakpil, jose zaragoza, francisco farjardo, manosa brothers, and others

cesar concio

architect of the church of the risen lord in U.P. diliman

cesar concio

architect of the palma hall and the melchor hall in U.P. diliman

angel nakpil

architect of the national press club building in manila

alfredo luz

architect of the ramon magsaysay center in manila

gabriel formoso

architect of the pacific star building in makati city

carlos arguelles

architect of the philamlife building in manila

state architecture

architecture that represented capital cities, institutional buildings, and national monuments as symbols of national power

federico ilustre

architect of the GSIS building in manila

federico ilustre

architect of the art deco styled quezon memorial shrine

federico ilustre

architect of the veterans memorial building in manila

ruperto gaite

architect of the quezon city assembly hall

juan nakpil

architect of the SSS building in quezon city

space age architecture

architecture where the significant events in science fueled faith in technology and this was transcoded in architecture and design

marcos de guzman

architect of the residence of artemio reyes which had a plateriform or saucer-shaped motif

manosa brothers

architect of the residence of ignacio arroyo

mutya ng pasig

an building that features a revolving restaurant

thin shell

a three-dimensional curved plate structure of reinforced concrete. thin compared to its dimension and load-carrying

leandro locsin

architect of the parish of the holy sacrific in U.P. diliman

leandro locsin

a national artist for architecture in 1990

pablo antonio

a national artist for architecture in 1976

ildefonso santos

a landscape architect who won as national artist in 2006

jose maria zarragoza

a national artist for architecture in 2014

leandro locsin

architect of the church of st. andrew in makati city

araneta coliseum

the largest coliseum and indoor facilities in asia and also one of the largest clear span domes in the world

progressive development corporation

designer of the araneta coliseum

folded plate

a roof structure in which strength and stiffness is derived from pleated or folded geometry; formed by joining flat, thin slabs along their edges

juan nakpil

architect of the commercial bank

juan nakpil

architect of the trust building

juan nakpil

architect of the rizal theater

victor tiotuyco

architect of the U.P. international center in diliman

jose maria zaragoza

architect of the santo domingo church in quezon city

carlos arguelles

architect of the cathedral of the holy child in manila

carlos santos-viola

architect of the iglesia ni cristo, central in quezon city, their first church

felipe mendoza

architect of the manila Mormon temple in quezon city

constitution hills

the new site of the government center in quezon city located in the high plateau. it incorporated the "arellano-frost plan

ebenezer howard

conceptualized the "garden city

clarence perry

conceptualized the "neighbourhood units

heroes hill

the residential units for military officials

people's homesite corporation

the first government housing agency; established model residential communities for the low income bracket

people's homesite and housing corporation

the merger of the people's homesite corporation and the national housing corporation; designed and developed the mass-fabrication of low-cost bungalow units, such as the kamuning housing projects

philam life homes

a housing for moderate income families developed by the philippine american life insurance company

ayala y compania

the developer of exlusive suburban villages; aimed to transform makati into the most modern community in the country

regional tropicalism

tropicalism intertwined with the incorporation of attributes of the region's endemic and traditionally built environment

manosa brothers and IP santos

architects of the san miguel corporation building

leandro locsin

architect of the benguet corporation building, the first and oldest mining company in the philippines

jorge ramos

architect of the GSIS building in pasay city

felipe mendoza

architect of the development academy of the philippines in pasig city

pierced screens

masonry that is perforated, pierced, or lattice-like; functioned mainly as diffusers of light and doubled as exterior decorative meshes

roberto novenario

architect of the abelardo hall in U.P. diliman

cesar concio

architect of the vinzon's hall in U.P. diliman

brise soleil

or sun breakers; an architectural baffle device placed outside windows or projected over the entire surface of a building's facade

pablo antonio

architect of the captain luis gonzaga building in rizal avenue

julio victor rocha

architect of the roque roano building in U.S.T. manila which initiated the successful use of brise soleil

jose zaragosa

architect of the meralco building, the first building to rise along ortigas avenue

angel nakpil

architect of the picache building

picache building

considered as the first skyscraper in the philippines

luis maria araneta

architect of the aranet-tuason building in manila, the first building to used the vertical brise soleil as a decorative feature

cresenciano de castro

architect of the asian development bank building in manila

cesar concio

architect of the insular life building, the first office building to surpass the old height restriction in the makati business district. it was later redeveloped in 2005 by takenobu mohri architects and associates

neo vernacular

a nostalgic attempt to recreate a style from the past. "folk architecture" and the bahay kubo became architectural archetypes

juan nakpil

architect of the cotabato municipal hall which incorporated the concept of the tausug house and the naga tadjuk pasung gable finial

manos brothers

architect of the sulo hotel

otilio arellano

architect of the philippine pavilion of the 1964 new york's fair

leandro locsin

architect of the phlippine pavilion of the 1970 osaka world exposition

Manuel dimaculangan

Architect of the malacanan palace