World History: Holocaust 16-3

Aryans

Non Jewish Caucasian, especially of Nordic stock Indo-European speaking nomads who entered India from the Central Asian steppes between around 1500 B.C.

Holocaust

Systematic mass slaughter of Jews and other groups judged inferior by Nazi.

Kristallnacht

Also known as The Night of the Broken Glass. On this night, November 9, 1938, almost 200 synagogues were destroyed, over 8,000 Jewish shops were sacked and looted, and tens of thousands of Jews were removed to concentration camps.

Ghetto

Segregated Jewish areas

Genocide

Systematic murder of an entire people (Jews)

Why might a country want to blame a minority group for most of its problems?

There might be deep roots of hatred for a specific race. Usually minorities lack power to fight back and the majority will support the blaming.

How did the Holocaust begin?

Began by making the targeting of Jews a government policy. Nuremberg Laws denied Jews their rights to German citizenship. Laws limited who they could marry and the kinds of work they were allowed to do.

Why might Hitler have chosen Poland to put his ghetto policy for the "Jewish problem" into effect?

Hitler conquered Poland first which had a large population of Germans who would support his hatred of Jews.

How was the Final Solution carried out?

Killing squads, concentration camps, gas chamber

How could concentration camp doctors and guards have justified to themselves the death and suffering they caused other human beings

Hitler had used propaganda to dehumanize Jews by labeling the, taking away their rights and isolating and enslaving them in concentration camps. They believed the Jews to be sub-human.

Who were the victims of the Holocaust?

Mostly Jews, but also Roma, Poles, Russians, homesexual, insane, disabled, incurably ill

Who were the members of the "master race"?

Pure bread Germans

What were the Nuremberg Laws?

1935 laws that deprived Jews of their rights to German citizenship and forbade marriages between Jews and non Jews

What happened the night of November 9, 1938?

Kristallnacht, "Night of the Broken Glass". Jewish shops were sacked and looted, and tens of thousands of Jews were removed to concentration camps.

What was Hitler's "Final Solution"?

To kill all Jews and other non-Aryan people. Carried out by Killing squads, concentration camps, gas chamber

Where did German Jews try to migrate to find safety from Nazi terror?

France, Britain, US and other countries

Where were Jews forced to live in Polish cities?

Concentration camps or ghettos

Where were the concentration camps?

Across eastern Europe and GermanyAuschwitz, Dachau, Bergen-Belsen, Treblinka, Warsaw

Why did Hitler believe that Jews and other "subhumans" had to be exterminated.

Because he believed his plan of conquest depended on protecting racial purity of the Aryan race.

Why did Germans build extermination camps?

As a part of the Final Solution to kill as many Jews as possible. As many as 6,000 a day were killed.

When did the Final Solution begin?

Began in Eastern Europe and Soviet Union and extermination camps in 1942.

How did non-Jewish people try to save Jews from the horrors of Nazism?

Some hid them in their homes or helped them escape to neutral countries.

How many Jews died in the Holocaust?

6 million

What did Hitler favor as a solution to the "Jewish problem"? Why didn't it work

emigration. Franc, Birtain and US reputedly closed their doors to further immigration

What did the Nazi hope would happen to Jewsin the ghettos?

starve to death, die from disease

What did Jews have to wear in German controlled areas?

yellow star of David patch

What was the largest extermination camp

Auschwitz