Anatomy first exam

The study of the function of the human body is termed _______.
a.gross anatomy
b.systemic anatomy
c.cytology
d.physiology

physiology

Groups of similar cells that have a common function are classified as a(n) _______.
a.tissue
b.organ
c.organ system
d.organism

tissue

Which of the following body systems is a fast-acting control system?
a.Muscular system
b.Digestive system
c.Nervous system
d.Reproductive system

Nervous system

Which of the following is NOT a survival need?
a.Normal body temperature
b.Growth
c.Appropriate atmospheric pressure
d.Nutrients

Growth

During exercise the body cools itself by sweating. Sweating in response to an elevated body temperature is an example of what process?
a.Metabolism
b.Movement
c.Positive feedback
d.Homeostasis

Homeostasis

The nose is ______ to the lips.
a.anterior
b.superior
c.medial
d.proximal

Superior

The knee is ______ to the ankle.
a.posterior
b.lateral
c.medial
d.proximal

Proximal

The eyes are _________ to the ears.
a.deep
b.medial
c.superior
d.dorsal

Medial

The sternum, or breastbone, protects the heart and therefore is _______ to the heart.
a.superior
b.anterior
c.medial
d.proximal

Anterior

While performing a dissection, the students noticed that the veins were closer to the skin than the arteries. Therefore, the veins were _______ to the arteries.
a.anterior
b.posterior
c.superficial
d.deep

Superficial

The word cervical pertains to what region of your body?
a.Neck
b.Arm
c.Elbow
d.Knee

Neck

The word orbital pertains to what region of your body?
a.Mouth
b.Knee
c.Eye
d.Ear

Eye

If a patient complained of pain in the antebrachial area, what area would you examine?
a.Arm
b.Forearm
c.Elbow
d.Neck

Forearm

When taking a popliteal pulse, you would be feeling what region of the body?
a.Front of the wrist
b.Front of the elbow
c.Behind the knee
d.Side of the neck

Behind the knee

A broken hallux refers specifically to a broken _________.
a.big toe
b.thumb
c.finger
d.vertebra

big toe

The ______ plane divides the body into equal right and left halves.
a.sagittal
b.midsagittal
c.frontal
d.transverse

midsagittal

The plane that divides the body into superior and inferior portions is the _______.
a.sagittal
b.midsagittal
c.frontal
d.transverse

transverse

If a person had a toe amputated, the surgeon would make a ______ cut to amputate the toe.
a.sagittal
b.midsagittal
c.frontal
d.transverse

transverse

A leg amputation would require a cut in which plane?
a.Sagittal
b.Midsagittal
c.Frontal
d.Transverse

Transverse

To amputate an entire upper extremity, the surgeon would cut in which plane?
a.Parasagittal
b.Midsagittal
c.Frontal
d.Transverse

Parasagittal

Which of the following are the two major closed body cavities?
a.Ventral and dorsal
b.Superior and inferior
c.Thoracic and abdominal
d.Cranial and spinal

Ventral and dorsal

The layer of a serous membrane that lines the body cavity is the ______ layer.
a.visceral
b.parietal
c.mucous
d.pleural

parietal

What structure divides the anterior cavity into two sections?
a.Spinalcolumn
b.Heart
c.Mediastinum
d.Diaphragm

Diaphragm

Which membrane lines the abdomino-pelvic cavity?
a.Pleural
b.Peritoneal
c.Pericardial
d.Synovial

Peritoneal

The liver is located in which abdominal region(s)?
a.Right lumbar & left hypochondriac
b.Left hypochondriac & hypogastric
c.Right lumbar & right hypochondriac
d.Right hypochondriac & epigastric

Right hypochondriac & epigastric

Which type of MRI tracks blood flow into the brain in real time?
a.Functional MRI
b.Bloodless MRI
c.Magnetic resonance spectroscopy
d.Dynamic spatial reconstruction

Functional MRI

Which layer of the skin has NO blood vessels?
a.Dermis
b.Epidermis
c.Hypodermis
d.Papillary

Epidermis

Which layer is NOT part of your skin?
a.Dermis
b.Epidermis
c.Hypodermis
d.Papillary

Hypodermis

The skin makes up what percentage of body weight in the average adult?
a.4%
b.7%
c.10%
d.18%

7%

All ofthe following contribute to skin color EXCEPT _________.
a.hemoglobin
b.carotene
c.keratin
d.melanin

keratin

This layer of the skin is responsible for our fingerprints.
a.Reticular dermis
b.Epidermis
c.Hypodermis
d.Papillary dermis

Papillary dermis

Mitosis occurs primarily in which stratum of the epidermis?
a.Basale
b.Corneum
c.Granulosum
d.Spinosum

Basale

What protein gives the epidermis its protective properties?
a.Carotene
b.Collagen
c.Keratin
d.Melanin

Keratin

Which cells in the epidermis are key activators of the immune system?
a.Keratinocytes
b.Melanocytes
c.Dendritic cells
d.Tactile cells

Dendritic cells

Dogs track humans by the scent of epithelial cells that are constantly being shed. These cells shed from which stratum?
a.Basale
b.Corneum
c.Granulosum
d.Spinosum

Corneum

In which layer of the epidermis would you expect to find the healthiest cells?
a.Basale
b.Corneum
c.Granulosum
d.Papillary

Basale

The dermis is composed of what type of tissue?
a.Adipose
b.Connective
c.Epithelial
d.Stratified squamous

Connective

Which of the following is NOT associated with the dermis?
a.Blood vessels
b.Collagen
c.Elastin
d.Keratin

Keratin

Which layer of the dermis is composed of dense irregular connective tissue?
a.Epidermis
b.Reticular layer
c.Hypodermis
d.Papillary layer

Reticular layer

Which layer of the dermis is closest to the epidermis?
a.Stratum basale
b.Stratum corneum
c.Papillary layer
d.Reticular layer

Papillary layer

Peglike folds of the superficial layer of the dermis are called dermal ________.
a.corpuscles
b.papillae
c.flexures
d.ridges

papillae

Sudoriferous glands are also known as _________ glands.
a.ceruminous
b.endocrine
c.sebaceous
d.sweat

sweat

What is sweat mostly composed of?
a.Sodium chloride
b.Antibodies
c.Water
d.Metabolic wastes

Water

The sweat glands that are important in body temperature regulation are the ______ glands.
a.eccrine
b.apocrine
c.ceruminous
d.sebaceous

eccrine

This gland, found in the skin, is also a holocrine gland.
a.Endocrine
b.Ceruminous
c.Sebaceous
d.Sudoriferous

Sebaceous

Which of the following is NOT an accessory gland of the skin?
a.Sebaceous gland
b.Ceruminous gland
c.Mammary gland
d.All are accessory glands of the skin.

All are accessory glands of the skin

Hair and nails are modifications of the ________.
a.dermis
b.epidermis
c.hypodermis
d.none of the above, because they are not part of the skin

epidermis

The protein found in our hair and nails is ________.
a.collagen
b.carotene
c.elastin
d.keratin

keratin

The smooth muscle associated with a hair follicle is called _________.
a.arrector pili
b.arrector vellus
c.alopecia areata
d.erector folliculi

arrector pili

All of the following are associated with hair EXCEPT _________.
a.cuticle
b.matrix
c.medulla
d.lunule

lunule

Which of the following is NOT associated with nails?
a.Eponychium
b.Keratin
c.Matrix
d.Medulla

Medulla

When people gain weight, they often also gain inches due to an accumulation of fat in which layer?
a.Epidermis
b.Papillary
c.Reticular
d.Hypodermis

Hypodermis

All of the following are usually characteristics of epithelium EXCEPT __________.
a.avascularity
b.abundance of extracellular material
c.high rate of mitosis
d.tight junctions

abundance of extracellular material

Goblet cells are found in this kind of epithelium.
a.Simple squamous
b.Simple cuboidal
c.Transitional
d.Simple columnar

Simple columnar

Which of the following is the most widespread epithelium?
a.Simple cuboidal
b.Stratified squamous
c.Simple columnar
d.Stratified cuboidal

Stratified squamous

Glands that secrete by rupture of cells are classified as __________.
a.endocrine
b.merocrine
c.holocrine
d.unicellular

holocrine

An epithelial tissue has four layers of cells. The apical layer is flat, and the cells of the basal layer are taller than they are wide. This epithelial tissue would be classified as _________.
a.simple squamous
b.simple columnar
c.stratified squamous
d.s

stratified squamous

Which of the following is NOT a connective tissue?
a.Cartilage
b.Blood
c.Bone
d.Smooth muscle

Smooth muscle

Calcium salts are found in which connective tissue?
a.Dense fibrous
b.Cartilage
c.Bone
d.All ofthe above have calcium salts.

Bone

This is the most widespread connective tissue and serves as a universal packing material between other tissues.
a.Areolar
b.Dense irregular
c.Reticular
d.Hyaline cartilage

Areolar

Which of the following is NOT associated with cartilage?
a.Chondrocytes
b.Lacunae
c.Blood vessels
d.Collagen fibers

Blood vessels

Which of the following cells typically cluster along blood vessels and detect foreign microorganisms?
a.Chondroblasts
b.Mast cells
c.Hematopoietic stem cells
d.Macrophages

Mast cells

Which type of muscle is voluntary?
a.Skeletal
b.Cardiac
c.Smooth
d.Skeletal and cardiac

Skeletal

Multinucleated cells predominate in which muscle tissue?
a.Skeletal
b.Cardiac
c.Smooth
d.Skeletal and cardiac

Skeletal

The two contractile proteins found in muscle cells are __________.
a.collagen and elastin
b.keratin and myosin
c.actin and myosin
d.actin and elastin

actin and myosin

Muscle tissue can be described as __________.
a.avascular and innervated
b.avascular and noninnervated
c.vascular and innervated
d.vascular and noninnervated

vascular and innervated

Intercalated discs are a unique feature of which muscle tissue?
a.Skeletal
b.Cardiac
c.Smooth
d.Skeletal and cardiac

Cardiac

Membranes that line open body cavities are classified as _______.
a.serous
b.synovial
c.cutaneous
d.mucous

mucous

Body membranes are usually composed of which two tissues?
a.Connective and muscle
b.Nervous and muscle
c.Epithelial and connective
d.Epithelial and muscle

Epithelial and connective

Which of the following is classified as a dry membrane?
a.Cutaneous
b.Mucous
c.Synovial
d.Serous

Cutaneous

During organization of tissue repair, a blood clot is replaced by ___________.
a.scar tissue
b.granulation tissue
c.a scab
d.areolar tissue

granulation tissue

Regeneration is highly unlikely in which of the following tissues?
a.Simple columnar epithelium
b.Bone
c.Areolar connective tissue
d.Cardiac muscle

Cardiac muscle

Of the four major types of tissues, which type forms boundaries between different environments?
a.Connective
b.Epithelial
c.Muscle
d.Nervous

Epithelial

What would a structure that has three ducts and flasklike sacs be termed?
a.Compound alveolar
b.Simple branched tubular
c.Compound tubular
d.Simple branched alveolar

Compound alveolar

Of the four major tissue types, which type is avascular?
a.Connective
b.Epithelial
c.Muscle
d.Nervous

Epithelial

Stroma consists of what specific tissue type?
a.Dense irregular connective tissue
b.Reticular connective tissue
c.Simple cuboidal epithelium
d.Smooth muscle

Reticular connective tissue

The walls of large arteries and walls of the bronchial tubes contain which kind of cartilage?
a.Hyaline
b.Fibrocartilage
c.Articular
d.Elastic

Elastic

Chemotherapy destroys cells in mitosis. Which type of tissue would be most affected by chemotherapy?
a.Connective
b.Epithelial
c.Muscle
d.Nervous

Epithelial