A & P 1 - quiz 1

Anatomy

Physiology

Histology

the study of the microscopic structure of tissues

Gross Anatomy

Exploratory

X-rays

MRI

Sonogram

Scientific Fact

Law of nature

Theory

Hypothesis

Evolution

a change in the genetic composition of a population over time

Natural Selection

Adaptations

Reductionism

Holism

Homeostasis

Negative feedback

A primary mechanism of homeostasis, whereby a change in a physiological variable that is being monitored triggers a response that counteracts the initial fluctuation.

Positive feedback

Feedback that tends to magnify a process or increase its output.

Dehydration Synthesis

hydrolysis reaction

Metabolism

Catabolism

Anabolism

carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids

functional groups

Hydroxyl

Methyl

Carboxyl

Amino

Phosphate

Macromolecules

Carbohydrates

Simple sugars

Disaccharides

Polysaccharides

Glycogen

Starch

Cellulose

Lipids

fatty acids

Saturated Fat

Unsaturated fat

Triglycerides

Phospholipids

Eicosanoids

Steroids

Proteins

Peptides

Structure

Communication

Receptors

Movement

Enzymes