Anatomy Ch1

anterior/ ventral

front of the body

posterior/dorsal

back of body

cranial/cephalic

toward the head

superior

Above; at a higher level (in the human body, toward the head)

caudal

The tail (coccyx in humans)

inferior

Below; at a lower level

medial

Toward the body's longitudinal axis; toward midsagittal plane

lateral

Away from the body's longitudinal axis; away from the midsagittal plane

proximal

toward an attached base

distal

away from an attached base

superficial

at, near, or relatively close to the body surface

deep

farther from the body surface

transverse/ horizontal

separates superior and inferior portions of the body; a cut in this plane called a cross section

sagittal

separates right and left portion

midsagittal/ median section

plane passes through the midline; divides body into left and right

parasagittal

cut parallel to midsagittal plane; separates body into unequal right and left

frontal/ coronal

separates anterior and posterior portions of the body; coronal refers to sections passing through the skull

supine

lying on the back in anatomical position

prone

lying face down in anatomical position