Expected ROM of Joint Movement

Flexion

Movement that decreases the angle between two adjacent bones

Extension

Increases the angle between two bones

Hyperextension

Movement of a body part beyond its normal extended position

Supination

Movement of a body part so its ventral (front) surface faces up

Pronation

Movement of a body part so its ventral (front) surface faces down

Abduction

Movement of extremity away from midline of body

adduction

Movement of extremity toward midline of body

Dorsiflexion

Flexing the foot and toes upward

Plantar flexion

Bending the foot and toes down

Eversion

Turning a body part away from midline

Inversion

Turning a body part toward midline

External rotation

Rotating a joint outward

Internal rotation

Rotating a joint inward