Information Literacy Final

Primary sources

Original source materials, including letters, autobiographies (not biographies), interviews, recordings of speeches, photographs, & newspaper articles from the time of the event

Secondary sources

Materials created after the original time or event, including magazine and journal articles, most books, and biographies (not autobiographies)

Information literacy

The abilities to find, access, retrieve, evaluate, use, and communicate information

Critical thinking

The skill to distinguish between assumption and fact, maintaining objectivity, and considering issues from multiple perspectives and adequate depth


Combine separate thoughts to form a concept


Draw conclusions from evidence or facts


Break down complex concepts into parts and then study how the parts are related to each other in making up the whole


Critically examine something, given a specific set of criteria


Make the thought process, facts, or concepts clear

SCANS Report

A document commissioned by the Secretary of Labor that outlines skills required for workplace success

Creative thinking

The process of actively exploring possibilities, generating alternatives, keeping an open mind toward change, and combining ideas to create something new

Problem solving

A systematic process to find a solution to a question or issue

5 Steps of Effective Research

Step 1: Define the need
Step 2: Find the information
Step 3: Evaluate the information
Step 4: Organize the information
Step 5: Communicate the information

Focused research question

Breaks down the main research question by asking who, what, where, when, why, and how


Information presented as fact

Reference desk

An information desk in a library

Reference source

An authoritative and often subject-specific material in the library from which information can be drawn

Peer-reviewed article

A journal article that has been reviewed, or refereed, by other experts in the field


Online public access catalog - A resource providing electronic records of materials that a library owns


A collection of digitized information organized for fast searching and simple retrieval

Search engine

An online tool for finding web pages on certain topics (Google, Yahoo, Bing, etc.)

Trade publication

A periodical for a specific industry or business area that is usually published by an association tied to the specific trade or business area


A publication that provides statistics, lists, figures, tables, and specific facts for a variety of areas and is typically published on an annual or other regular basis


A collection of geographical, historical information, or other type of information, including maps, charts, descriptions, tables, demographic information, natural resources statistics, and data on the physical features


An alphabetical list of the most pertinent works in a given text and a notation of where the words might be found within that text

Scholarly journal

A periodical published by an educational institution or a professional association that provides reports for original research, experiments, or studies to professionals in the field

Periodical index

A cumulative list of articles from a specified group of periodicals


A collection of detailed articles on a wide range of subjects often used to find background information on a subject

Popular magazine

A periodical that provides information on topics of interest to the general public, including news, entertainment, life styles, popular culture, leisure reading, parenting, and so on


A collection of synonyms, near synonyms, antonyms, phrases, and slang terms for words


A resource that provides concise data, usually in table or chart form, on a specialized subject area, including current statistics, procedures, instructions, or other specific information on a narrow subject

LC Classification

System of cataloging books developed by the Library of Congress. The call numbers start with letters, and it's the system Harrison College uses.

Dewey Classification

System of cataloging books using decimal numbers. The call numbers start with numbers, and it's the system used by most public and elementary school libraries.


A letter-number combination, used after the first part of a call number, to represent the author (.A67, .N3, etc.)

Boolean operators

A set of terms that can be used to combine search terms (AND, NOT, OR, etc.)


Collecting and organizing information

Bloom's Taxonomy

A simple-to-complex style of organization

Hierarchical organization

An organization scheme that's used when information is best conveyed in a specific order

Categorical or conceptual organization

An organization scheme that's used to combine separate ideas that must be understood before synthesizing the information

Alphabetical organization

An organization scheme that's used when the reader must locate information by a key word

Chronological organization

An organization scheme that's used to convey time or a sequence of events

Bar chart

A type of graph that compares things between different groups or tracks large changes over time and can be drawn vertically or horizontally; a simple way to compare values

Area chart

A type of graph that displays trends and their magnitude over time

Pie chart

A type of graph that lets the reader easily see the relationship of parts to the whole

Scatter chart

A type of graph that compares pairs of values using the same situations. This type graphic is especially good tracking changes in two or more related groups that form one whole category (for example profit and not-for-profit education organizations).


A form of industrial property, it is a word, phrase, or symbol that represents or distinguishes a company.

Books, musical works, works of art, translations

What is protected by copyright law?

Ideas, concepts, procedures

What is not protected by copyright law?

Step 1: Define the need
Step 2: Find the information
Step 3: Evaluate the information
Step 4: Organize the information
Step 5: Communicate the information

What are the 5 steps of effective research?

Public domain

A work is transferred into _______________ when it is no longer protected by copyright

Fair use

Allowing for limited educational or research purposes, using copyrighted materials without the copyright owner's permission


Using someone else's work without acknowledging the original creator

APA Style

A writing and citation style that is used in the social sciences and is the official style of Harrison College

Channels of communication

Different ways to communicate, including expressing information visually, verbally, and in writing

Decode the message

The message is readable in an appropriate format

Send the message

The message is delivered

Encode the message

The message is created in a style and at a level the audience can understand

Understand the message

The message is comprehended

Interpret the message

The message is clear

Select a channel

A method of communication is chosen to deliver the message

Receive the message

The message is obtained