Chapter 11

The best description of the ideal of pluralism is that

interest groups should be free to compete with each other for governmental influence

What contemporary political scientists call an interest group, James Madison called a(n)

faction

The Teamsters and the AFL-CIO are examples of what kind of interest group?

a labor group

Organized interest groups enhance American democracy by

representing the interests of large numbers of people and encouraging political participation

It is difficult for political scientists to categorize unrepresented interest groups because

there are no organizations that can present their identities and demands

Which of the following statements best describes the status of lobbyists for foreign interests in the United States?

Both foreign nations and foreign business interests lobby strongly for economic benefits, military aid, and other issues.

Which of the following is not a key organizational component of interest groups?

newsletter and website

When a group is called a membership association, it means that

members play an important role in the daily activities of the group

Why is it important for interest groups to offer selective benefits?

It is necessary to limit the extent of the free-rider problem

A ___ is the best example of an informational benefit provided by many interest groups.

newsletter

What distinguishes lobbying from other strategies of influence?

Lobbyists try to exert pressure directly on government officials themselves

Lobbying is

an attempt by an individual or group to influence the passage of legislation by exerting direct pressure on members of Congress or a state legislature

The Negotiated Rulemaking Act of 1990 was designed to

encourage administrative agencies to negotiate with important interest groups

Which of the following Supreme Court cases illustrates the use of litigation by an interest group?

Webster v. Reproductive Health Services

Money swapping occurs when

an interest group makes a contribution to a not-for-profit group who, in turn, provides laundered campaign funds to politicians

The theory of pluralism states that all interests should be free to compete for influence and the result will be compromise and moderation.

TRUE

The American Bar Association is a good example of a labor group.

FALSE

Staff organizations are dependent on volunteers to conduct most of a group's activities.

FALSE

People who benefit from the work of an interest group but who do not themselves contribute any effort or money are called free riders.

TRUE

In order to increase enrollment, interest groups try to provide members with benefits that are unavailable to anyone else.

TRUE

Interest groups have been a successful way to politically mobilize the poor and working classes in the United States.

FALSE

Interest groups tend to proliferate at times when the government is shrinking.

FALSE

The New Politics movement led to the proliferation of public interest groups in the 1970s.

TRUE

Except for laws against bribery, lobbyists are shielded from any legal regulations of their activities.

FALSE

Interest groups are prohibited by federal law from lobbying administrative agencies.

FALSE

The iron triangle is a relationship that is established through repeated litigation of class-action suits.

FALSE

Grassroots lobbying has become a common practice in government over the past several decades.

TRUE

As a result of the McCain-Feingold reforms of 2002, political action committees are no longer restricted in the amounts they may donate to candidates.

FALSE

Money swapping is legal and is easy to prove.

FALSE

Alexis de Tocueville believed that the proliferation of groups was detrimental to a democracy.

FALSE