Civics test study guide answers

What are the characteristics of an autocracy?

Singular person in power , Does not share power in any way with any other person

Can an oligarchy coexist with a dictatorship?

No , A dictatorship is an autocracy (1 person) while an oligarchy is a group

Is a dictatorship totalitarian?

Yes , Totalitarian = having TOTAL control

Is the United States a direct democracy?

No , It is a representative democracy

What type of government typically has either a King or Queen?

Monarchy

What is the main difference between a traditional (or absolute) monarchy and a constitution monarchy?

A traditional monarch has full power over their country while a constitutional monarch is restricted by a constitutional document which outlines what they can/cannot do

Which type of government gives one ruler or ruling group complete control?

Totalitarian

Which type of government is our classroom a model of?

Dictatorship

What does "democracy" mean?

Demo" means people so "democracy" is a "government by the people

What is the main difference between a representative democracy and direct democracy?

Direct democracies allow all citizens to participate in the government first hand and voice their own opinions. A representative democracy the citizens' opinions are given through elected representatives

Which type of government gives a small group of people all the power?

Oligarchy

What is a theocracy?

A government controlled by a religious figure or a government based in religious beliefs

Which type of government is actually the lack of government?

anarchy

Which type of government can a theocracy coexist with?

Any government besides anarchy

Which documents did we discuss that the Founding Fathers borrowed ideas from?

Magna Carta ,
English Bill of Rights ,
Mayflower Compact ,
Common Sense ,
Cato's Letters

What is the idea that all people must follow the laws and they should be enforced fairly?

Rule of Law

What is the idea that people have the right to fair and reasonable laws and that officials have to follow rules when enforcing laws?

Due Process

What is the idea that a government's power should be limited by a constitution, or written agreement?

Limited Government

What is the idea that people have the right to fair and reasonable laws and that officials have to follow rules when enforcing laws?

Due Process

Did Rousseau support the importance of minority rights?

No

Is Montesquieu given credit for the idea of separation of powers?

Yes

Did Hobbes write about the idea of popular sovereignty?

No

What is a philosopher?

European thinker during the Enlightenment

What is an aristocratic republic?

one part of the people�usually those considered better than the rest for some reason like having more money or being born into the "right" family�govern everyone else

What was the purpose of the Magna Carta?

To limited the power of the king

What is the Mayflower Compact?

An agreement between individuals

What "Big Ideas" were included in Common Sense?

Limited Government ,
Rule of Law ,
Rights ,
Due Process

What documents do we get the idea of limited government from?

Common Sense ,
English Bill of Rights

What document set up the U.S. government prior to the Constitution?

Articles of Confederation

How many articles does the Constitution have?

7

What was the problem with the U.S. government under the Articles of Confederation?

Central government was too weak, couldn't collect taxes, and had less power than state government

In which part of the Constitution did the founding fathers explain the purpose of the Constitution?

The Preamble

Which part of the Constitution allows the nation to make changes in the Constitution as needed?

Article V

What tool does the President have that can "check and balance" the power of Congress?

veto

Which branch of government has the final authority on the Constitution?

Judicial

What part of the Constitution gives Congress the right to make all laws that are "necessary and proper" to carry out its duties?

Elastic Clause in Article I

What are the first ten Amendments to the Constitution collectively known as?

Bill of Rights

What are the names of the branches of the U.S. government?

Legislative ,
Executive ,
Judicial ,

What are each of the chambers in Congress called?

House of Representatives ,
Congress

The President is a part of what branch of government?

Executive

At this time, how many amendments are there to the Constitution?

27

What are some examples of how "checks and balances" works in our government?

The Congress can override a presidential veto
The Senate must ratify treaties negotiated by the President
The Supreme Court can declare a bill passed by Congress to be unconstitutiona

What is the supreme law of the land?

The Constitution

The idea of self-government is in the first words of the Constitution. What are these words?

We the people

What government did the American colonies have before our country was established?

Confederation or Confederal under the Articles of Confederation

Is America's central government known as the federal government?

Yes

What is federalism?

How power is divided between the central government and state governments

Does the Constitution divide federal power among three branches of government?

Yes

Why did the Founders create a federal government system?

Because they needed a stronger central government than what they had under the Articles of Confederation government

Who has the final say about whether a law can stand?

The Supreme Court, who can decide whether a law is constitutional.

How many senators are in the U.S. Senate?

50

How many representatives are in the U.S. House of Representatives?

435

What was added to the Constitution that listed rights not already in the Constitution?

Bill of Rights

Which term means "to introduce a new amendment"?

Propose

Which term means "to carry out a law"?

Execute

Which term means "to approve or pass an amendment"?

Ratify

What does "separation of powers" mean?

the division of government responsibilities into distinct branches to limit any one branch from exercising the core functions of another

What does "ratification" mean?

the action of signing or giving formal consent to a treaty, contract, or agreement, making it officially valid

What does "amendment" mean?

a change or addition to the Constitution

Which article describes how states should interact with each other?

Article IV

Which article describes how the Constitution can be changed through the amendment process?

Article V

Which article describes federalism and states that the laws and treaties of the U.S. government are "the supreme law of the land"?

Article VI

Which article describes the ratification requirements?

Article VII

What is the first step in the amendment process?

Proposal

How many Congressman have to agree to the amendment for it to pass on to the states?

Two-thirds of Congress

What is the job of the judicial branch?

Interpret Laws

What is the job of the executive branch?

Execute Laws

What is the job of the legislative branch?

Write laws

What does Article III of the Constitution establish?

Judicial Branch

What does Article II of the Constitution establish?

Executive Branch

What does Article I of the Constitution establish?

Legislative Branch

How many electoral votes does Arkansas have?

4

How many years do Supreme Court justices serve?

Until they die, resign, or are impeached

How many Supreme Court justices do we have?

9

How many Senators does Arkansas have?

2

How many Representatives does Arkansas have?

4

Which term means "having two branches or chambers"?

bicameral

What are amendments 13, 14, and 15 referred to as?

Reconstruction Amendments

Amendments 13, 14, and 15 were passed after what major event?

The Civil War

Article I

Legislative Branch

Article II

Executive Branch

Article III

Judicial Branch

Article IV

State Interaction (with each other)

Article V

Amendment Process

Article VI

Federalism

Article VII

Ratification