Christianity Terms (for Quiz on Feb 11/12)

prophet

person who speaks for God; messenger of God

Judaism

A religion founded by the ancient Hebrews that centers around the worship of one god and the reading of Scriptures. Their followers are called Jews.

Abraham

Father of the Jewish faith because he promoted the central idea of the Jewish faith: that there is one God. Jews, Christians, & Muslims all agree that Abraham was an important prophet of God.

Torah

the most important section of the sacred text of Judaism (the Tenakh), which includes the 10 Commandments. The 10 Commandments were a book of the laws given by God to Moses at Mt. Sinai.

Christianity

A religion that grew out of Judaism and is based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth. Believers believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the Christ (savior/messiah).

Jesus of Nazareth

The man who Christians believe was the son of God & whose teachings are the basis of Christianity.

messiah

meaning "the chosen one" in Hebrew, the king or savior of the humankind that the Hebrew bible prophesied (predicted) would come. Christians believe Jesus was the ___, while Jews are still waiting for theirs to come.

the Trinity

Although Christianity is a monotheistic religion (believe in only 1 god), they believe in three elements of God: God the Father (the creator), God the Son (Jesus) , and God the Holy Spirit (God's presence in the world)

the Bible

The sacred text of Christianity. This text was written in two parts: the Old Testament (mostly Hebrew scriptures) & the New Testament (which focuses on the good news of Jesus as humanity's salvation)

martyr

a person who dies for their faith

Paul the Apostle

greatest Christian missionary during the early church because his letters and missionary work helped Christianity spread across the Roman Empire. He wrote almost half of the New Testament of the Bible.

Constantine

Emperor of Rome who converted to Christianity and passed the Edict of Milan which permanently created religious tolerance of Christianity across the Roman Empire in 313 C.E.