Public Speaking Exam 1

active listening

listening that is focused and purposeful


our general evaluations of people, ideas, objects, or events

audience centered

focused on the needs, attitudes, and values of the audience


the ways in which people perceive reality or determine the very existence of validity of something

close ended question

a question designed to elicit a small range of specific answers supplied by the interviewer- "yes" or "no

colloquial expression

an informal expression characterized by regional variations of speech

connotative meaning

the individual associations that different people bring to bear on a word


the process of interpreting a message

defensive listening

pretending like we're listening/ listener decides either that they won't like what the speaker is going to say or that they know better


the verbal and nonverbal behavior that a speaker uses in a public speech

denotative meaning

the literal or dictionary definition of a word

dydadic communication

communication between 2 people, as in a conversation


the process of converting thoughts into words


audience response to a message, verbally or nonverbally

informative speech

a speech providing new information, new insights, or new ways of thinking about a topic

interpersonal roles

types of roles or styles of interacting in a group that facilitate group interaction


specialized terminology developed within a given endeavor or field of study

mass communication

communication that occurs between a speaker and a large audience of unknown people


anything that intereferes with the communication process between a speaker and audience so that the message cannot be understood

persuasive speech

a speech who's goal is to influence the attitudes, beliefs, or values or acts of others


the range of sounds, high/low of the speakers voice

preview statement

statement included in the introduction of a speech in which the speaker identifies the main speech points


the recipient of a sources message

small group communication

communication involving a small number of people who can see and speak directly with one another

extemporaneous speaking

a type of delivery that falls somewhere in between impromptu and written or memorized deliveries

manuscript speaking

a type of delivery in which the speaker reads the speech verbatim

impromptu speaking

a type of delivery that is unpracticed, spontaneous, or improvised

special occasion speech

a speech whose general purpose is to entertain, celebrate, commemorate, or inspire

thesis statement

the theme, or central idea, of a speech that serves to connect all the parts of the speech in a single line


words, phrases, or sentences, that tie speech ideas together and enable a speaker to move smoothly from one point to another


our most enduring judgements about what is good and bad in life, as shaped by our culture and our unique experiences


the sender, the person who creates a message


the audience


the process of interpreting the message


the audience's response to the message


content of communication process: thoughts and ideas put into meaningful expressions, expressed verbally and nonverbally


medium through which the speaker sends a message

audience centered

keeping the needs, values, attitudes, and wants of your listeners firmly in focus

captive audience

people who are required to hear the speaker

voluntary audience

people who attend at their own free will


statistical characteristics of a given population

cognitive dissonance

Inner tension that a consumer experiences after recognizing an inconsistency between behavior and values or opinions

communication apprehension

the fear or anxiety associated with either real or anticipated communication with others


meanings we attach to time

major weakness of internet

may not be accurate