Nutrition Application Questions

A nurse is assessing a client who has diabetes mellitus. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as a manifestation of hypoglycemia?
1.Diaphoresis, irritability, and tremors
2.Tachycardia and hunger
3.Abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting
4

1.Diaphoresis, irritability, and tremors
hot and dry the sugars high, cold and clammy need some candy

A nurse is educating a group of women about vitamin and mineral intake during pregnancy. Which of the following should the nurse instruct the women to avoid taking at the same time as iron supplements?
1.Magnesium
2.Vitamin B12
3.Vitamin A
4.Calcium

4.Calcium
because it interferes with the absorption of iron supplements

A nurse is caring for a client who is at 8 weeks gestation and has a BMI of 34. The client asks about weight goals during her pregnancy. The nurse should advise the client to do which of the following?
1.Maintain her current BMI
2.Gain approximately 6.8 k

2.Gain approximately 6.8 kg (15 lbs.)
shouldn't start weight loss during pregnancy and still need to gain weight for nutrients for baby

A home health nurse is providing dietary teaching to the parents of a 3-year-old child. Which of the following indicates the parents understand the teaching?
1."I will offer my child a cup of peanut butter to dip her celery in."
2."I can leave her grapes

4."I will put low-fat milk in her cup to drink."
whole milk isn't recommended for anyone above 2 years old b/c extra calories

A nurse is teaching a client who has a prescription for ferrous sulfate about food interactions. Which of the following statements indicates the client understands the teaching?
1."I can take this medicine with juice."
2."I can take this medication with m

1."I can take this medicine with juice."
because vitamin C helps us to absorb iron (and calcium)
- eggs is a good statement but juice is better

A client is experiencing anorexia related to cancer treatment. Which of the following interventions should the nurse implement to increase the client's nutritional intake?
1.Recommend cooking aromatic foods to stimulate appetite.
2.Serve hot foods rather

4.Add extra calories and protein to every meal.

A nurse is caring for a client who is receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Which of the following laboratory findings indicates that the TPN therapy is effective?
1.Calcium 8 mg/mL
2.Hemoglobin 9 g/dL
3.Prealbumin 30 mg/dL
4.Cholesterol 140 mg/dL

3.Prealbumin 30 mg/dL
good indicator that someone's diet is adequate
- calcium isn't as dependent on our dietary intake but rather our parathyroid and our bones

A nurse in a clinic is reviewing the laboratory findings of a client who has type 2 diabetes mellitus. Which of the following findings indicates the client's plan of care is effective?
1.Serum creatinine 1.5 mg/dL
2.BUN 25 mg/dL
3.HgbAIc 6.5%
4.Pre-meal b

3.HgbAIc 6.5%
-because less than 7 indicates a good control of diabetes
- BUN and serum creatinine is a marker of fluid status in the kidneys, pre meal blood glucose doesn't give enough info

A nurse is teaching a female client about a healthy diet to control hypertension. Which of the following statements indicates an understanding of the teaching?
1."I will drink two glasses of whole milk daily."
2."I will decrease the potassium in my diet.

3."I will eat four servings of unsalted nuts per week."
not potassium b/c potassium doesn't raise blood pressure

A nurse is providing information about cardiovascular risk to a client who has received his lipid panel report. Which of the following is within an expected reference range to include in the information?
1.Total cholesterol 210 mg/dL
2.HDL 79 mg/dL
3.Trig

2.HDL 79 mg/dL
-HDL is good cholesterol
- triglycerides of 175 and total cholesterol of 210 are both too high
- LDL (bad cholesterol) should be less than 100

A nurse is providing teaching to a client who has Crohn's disease. Which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching?
1."I will take a fiber supplement daily."
2."I will eat eggs for breakfast."
3."I will drink who

2."I will eat eggs for breakfast."
- b/c GI disease can't absorb nutrients properly and protein is important
- Crohn's is inflamed bowel so if you take fiber it may cause bowel obstruction
- milk wrong b/c usually lactose intolerant
- canned fruits contai

A nurse is providing dietary teaching for a client who has COPD. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching?
1.Eat at least 3 well-proportioned, large meals a day.
2.Drink low-protein, low-calorie nutrition formulas betwe

4.Consume foods that are soft in texture and easy to chew.

A nurse is teaching a client who is newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus how to count carbohydrates. Which of the following statements indicates an understanding of the teaching?
1."I am including vegetables as starch items in my carbohydrate cou

3."I know serving size can affect the number of carbohydrates I eat."
not all veggies have carbohydrates in them so 1 is wrong

A nurse is updating a plan of care for a client who is receiving intermittent enteral feedings and is experiencing diarrhea. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include in the plan?
1.Discard the client's opened cans of formula within 48

3.Feed the client in small, frequent volumes.