ATI A TEST FUNDAMENTALS

A nurse is evaluating a client's use of a cane. Which of the following actions should the nurse identify as an indication of correct use?

The client holds the cane on the stronger side of her body.
The client should hold the cane on the stronger side of her body to increase support and maintain alignment.

A nurse receives report about a client who has 0.9% sodium chloride infusing IV at 125 mL/hr. When the nurse performs the initial assessment, he notes that the client has received only 80 mL over the last 2 hr. Which of the following actions should the nu

Check the IV tubing for obstruction.
The first action the nurse should take using the nursing process is to assess the client. If checking the IV tubing and verifying an obstruction, the nurse might be able to facilitate the flow of fluid through the tubi

A nurse is caring for a client who requires an NG tube for stomach decompression. Which of the following actions should the nurse take when inserting the NG tube?

Have the client take sips of water to promote insertion of the NG tube into the esophagus.
Taking sips of water as the NG tube passes through the oropharynx will close the epiglottis over the trachea and prevent the tube from passing into the trachea.

A nurse is reviewing a client's fluid and electrolyte status. Which of the following findings should the nurse report to the provider?

Potassium 5.4 mEq/L
This value is above the expected reference range of 3.5 to 5 mEq/L, so the nurse should report this finding to the provider. This client is at risk for dysrhythmias.

A nurse is providing discharge instructions to a client who will be using a walker. Which of the following client statements indicates an understanding of the teaching?

I will hire someone to trim the tree that hangs low over the stairs of my front porch."
Clearing stairs of any object that could cause the client to trip or require them to bend over while walking will decrease the risk for falls.

A nurse is planning care for a client who has had a stroke, resulting in aphasia and dysphagia. Which of the following tasks should the nurse assign to an assistive personnel (AP)? (Select all that apply.)

Assist the client with a partial bed bath is correct. Assisting a client with a bed bath poses minimal risk to the client and is within the AP's range of function.
Measure the client's BP after the nurse administers an antihypertensive medication is corre

A nurse is caring for a client who is expressing anger over his diagnosis of colorectal cancer. Which of the following actions should the nurse take?

Reassure the client that this is an expected response to grief.
During the anger stage of the client's psychosocial adaptation to illness, the nurse should support the client and explain that this is an expected reaction to a cancer diagnosis.

A nurse is preparing to apply a dressing for a client who has a stage 2 pressure injury. Which type of dressing should the nurse use?

Hydrocolloid
Hydrocolloid dressings promote healing in stage 2 pressure injuries by creating a moist wound bed.

A nurse is administering an otic medication to an older adult client. Which of the following actions should the nurse take to ensure that the medication reaches the inner ear?

Press gently on the tragus of the client's ear.
Pressing gently on the tragus of the ear will help the medication get into the inner ear.

A nurse is using an open irrigation technique to irrigate a client's indwelling urinary catheter. Which of the following actions should the nurse take?

Subtract the amount of irrigant used from the client's urine output.
The nurse should calculate the fluid used for irrigation and subtract it from the client's total urinary output.

A nurse is initiating a protective environment for a client who has had an allogeneic stem cell transplant. Which of the following precautions should the nurse plan for this client?

Make sure the client wears a mask when outside her room if there is construction in the area.
An allogeneic stem cell transplant compromises the client's immune system, greatly increasing the risk for infection. The client will need protection from breath

A nurse is auscultating the anterior chest of a client newly admitted to a medical-surgical unit. Listen to the audio clip of what the nurse auscultates through his stethoscope and identify the type of breath sounds he hears. (AUDIO)

Normal breath sounds
These are normal bronchovesicular breath sounds, characteristically of moderate intensity and sounding like blowing as air moves through the larger airways on inspiration and expiration.

A nurse is planning strategies to manage time effectively for client care. Which of the following strategies should the nurse implement?

Use the planning step of the nursing process to prioritize client care delivery.
Setting up a list of goals and tasks to perform for clients can help the nurse set care priorities and plan tasks accordingly. The priority to-do list is an efficient tool fo

A nurse is caring for a client who is postoperative following knee arthroplasty and requires the use of a thigh-length sequential compression device. Which of the following actions should the nurse take?

Make sure two fingers can fit under the sleeves.
The nurse should ensure that there is enough space for two fingers to fit under the sleeve because any less space between the sleeves and the legs can inhibit circulation when the sleeves inflate.

A nurse is caring for a client who has a respiratory infection. Which of the following techniques should the nurse use when performing nasotracheal suctioning for the client?

Apply intermittent suction when withdrawing the catheter.
The nurse should apply intermittent suction during the withdrawal of the catheter to prevent injury to the mucosa. However, suctioning continuously for more than 10 seconds can cause cardiopulmonar

A nurse is assessing a client who reports increased pain following physical therapy. Which of the following questions should the nurse ask when assessing the quality of the client's pain?

s your pain sharp or dull?"
Asking the client whether the pain is sharp, dull, crushing, throbbing, aching, burning, electric-like, or shooting helps determine the quality of the pain.

A nurse is providing discharge teaching to a client about self-administering heparin. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching?

Administer the medication into the abdomen.
The nurse should instruct the client to administer the medication into the abdomen at least 5.08 cm (2 in) from the umbilicus. The client should pinch or spread the skin at the injection site to administer the m

A nurse in a long-term care facility is caring for a client who dies during the nurse's shift. Identify the sequence in which the nurse should perform the following steps. (Move the steps into the box on the right, placing them in the order of performance

The first step is to obtain the death pronouncement from the provider. Next, the nurse should remove tubes and indwelling lines prior to cleansing the client's body. After cleansing, the nurse should ask the family members if they wish to view the body. F

A nurse is teaching a client and his family how to care for the client's tracheostomy at home. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching?

Use tracheostomy covers when outdoors.
Tracheostomy covers protect the client's airway from cold air, dust, and other airborne particles.

A nurse is caring for a client who has terminal illness and is approaching death. The client is short of breath and has noisy respirations from secretions in their airway. Which of the following actions should the nurse take?

Turn the client every 2 hr.
The nurse should turn the client at least once every 2 hr to break up the secretions in the client's lungs and prevent noisy respirations.

A nurse is caring for a child who has a prescription for a blood transfusion. The parents have refused the treatment due to religious beliefs. Which of the following actions should the nurse take?

Examine personal values about the issue.
Nurses should examine their own personal values about the issue in question in order to provide care that is without bias.

A nurse is preparing to administer enoxaparin subcutaneously to a client. Which of the following actions should the nurse take?

Administer the medication with the needle at a 45� angle.
The nurse should insert the needle at a 45� to 90� angle for a subcutaneous injection.

A nurse is admitting a client who is having an exacerbation of heart failure. In planning this client's care, when should the nurse initiate discharge planning?

During the admission process
Discharge planning should begin as soon as the client is undergoing the admission process. The nurse should begin to assess the client's needs and plan for care both during and after the client's time in the facility.

A nurse is assessing a client who has been on bed rest for the past month. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as an indication that the client has developed thrombophlebitis?

Calf swelling
Swelling, redness, and tenderness in a calf muscle are manifestations of thrombophlebitis, a common complication of immobility.

A nurse is caring for a client who has dementia. Which of the following interventions should the nurse take to minimize the risk for injury to the client?

Use a bed exit alarm system.
The nurse should identify that a client who has dementia requires assistance when exiting their bed and might be unable to remember to ask for help. The client's condition places them at a risk for falling; therefore, a bed al

A nurse is assessing an older client's risk for falls. Which of the following assessments should the nurse use to identify the client's safety needs? (Select all that apply.)

Pupil clarity is correct. Cloudy pupils mean that the client has cataracts. This makes vision cloudy and creates halos around lights, which can increase the risk for falls because clients cannot see items in their path clearly.
Visual fields is correct. T

A nurse is caring for a client who has pharyngeal diphtheria. Which of the following types of transmission precautions should the nurse initiate?

Droplet
Droplet precautions are a requirement for clients who have infections that spread via droplet nuclei that are larger than 5 microns in diameter, including rubella, meningococcal pneumonia, and streptococcal pharyngitis. The nurse should wear a mas

A nurse is caring for a client who has herpes zoster and asks the nurse about the use of complimentary and alternative therapies for pain control. The nurse should inform the client that this condition is a contraindication for which therapy?

Acupuncture
The nurse should inform the client that herpes zoster, or any skin infection, is a contraindication for the use of acupuncture. An open portal on the skin's surface could increase the risk of further infection.

A nurse is admitting a client who has an abdominal wound with a large amount of purulent drainage. Which of the following types of transmission precautions should the nurse initiate?

Contact precautions
Major wound infections require contact precautions, which means the nurse should admit the client to a private room. All caregivers should wear a gown and gloves during direct contact with this client.

A nurse is educating a client who has a terminal illness about declining resuscitation in a living will. The client asks "what would happen if I arrived at the ED and I had difficulty breathing?". Which of the following responses should the nurse make?

We would give you oxygen through a tube in your nose."
Oxygen can provide comfort and is not considered a resuscitative measure when the nurse delivers it via nasal cannula.

A nurse is performing a skin assessment for a client who expresses concern about skin cancer. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as a potential indication of a skin malignancy?

A mole with an asymmetrical appearance
An uneven or asymmetrical shape is a potential indication of a skin malignancy. This is manifested when part of a lesion or mole looks different from the other part.

A nurse is reviewing evidence-based practice principles about administration of oxygen therapy with a newly licensed nurse. Which of the following actions should the nurse include?

Regulate oxygen via nasal cannula at a flow rate of no more than 6 L/min.
Evidence-based practice supports a flow rate of 1 to 6 L/min via nasal cannula. Rates above 6 L/min have a drying effect and force clients to swallow air excessively without increas

A nurse is performing a home safety assessment for a client who is receiving supplemental oxygen. Which of the following observations should the nurse identify as proper safety protocol?

The client uses nonacetone nail polish remover.
The client should use nonflammable materials, such as nonacetone nail polish remover, while using supplemental oxygen.

A nurse is caring for a client who has a terminal illness and is at the end of life. The nurse should recognize that which of the following statements by the client's partner indicates effective coping?

I am relying on support from our family during this time."
This statement indicates effective coping because the partner is relying on others in the family for support during a time of crisis.

A nurse is talking with an older adult client who is contemplating retirement. The client states, "I keep thinking about how much I enjoy my job. I'm not sure I want to retire." Which of the following responses should the nurse make?

Let's talk about how the change in your job status will affect you."
This response is therapeutic because the nurse is encouraging the client to verbalize feelings about the life transition of retirement.

A nurse is preparing to administer 750 mL of 0.9% sodium chloride IV to infuse over 7 hr. The nurse should set the infusion pump to deliver how many mL/hr? (Round the answer to the nearest whole number. Use a leading zero if it applies. Do not use a trail

107 mL/hr
Follow these steps to calculate the infusion rate using the Dimensional Analysis method of calculation:
Step 1: What is the unit of measurement the nurse should calculate? (Place the unit of measure being calculated on the left side of the equat

A nurse is caring for a group of clients. Which of the following actions should the nurse take to prevent the spread of infection?

Place a client who has tuberculosis in a room with negative-pressure airflow.
A client who has tuberculosis requires airborne precautions, which include placing the client in a room that has negative-pressure airflow to reduce the risk of infection transm

A nurse is admitting a new client. Which of the following actions should the nurse take while performing medication reconciliation?

Compare the client's home medications with the provider's prescriptions.
The nurse should compare the client's home medications with the provider's prescriptions when performing medication reconciliation.

A nurse is lifting a bedside cabinet to mover closer to a client who is sitting in a chair. To prevent self-injury, which of the following actions should the nurse take when lifting this object?

Stand close to the cabinet when lifting it.
This action keeps the cabinet close to the nurse's center of gravity and decreases back strain from horizontal reaching.

A nurse is talking with the partner of a client who has dementia. The client's partner expresses finding time to manage household responsibilities while caring for their partner. The nurse should identify that the partner is experiencing which of the foll

Role overload
The partner's expression of frustration is an example of role overload, which refers to having more responsibilities within a role than one person can manage.

A nurse is caring for a client who is postoperative and has signs of hemorrhagic shock. When the nurse notifies the surgeon, he directs her to continue to measure the client's vital signs every 15 min and call him back in 1 hr. From a legal perspective, w

Notify the nursing manager.
The greatest risk to the client is not receiving timely intervention for a deterioration in physiological status; therefore, the next action the nurse should take is to activate the chain of command to ensure that the client re

A nurse is preparing a change-of-shift report. Which of the following tools or documents should the nurse use to communicate continuity of care?

Situation, background, assessment, and recommendation (SBAR)
SBAR is a communication tool nurses use to relate a client's status during a change-of-shift report.

A nurse is planning to insert a peripheral IV catheter for an older adult client. Which of the following actions should the nurse plan to take?

Place the client's arm in a dependent position.
The nurse should place the client's arm in a dependent position because the veins will dilate due to gravity.

A nurse is caring for a client who is postoperative and refuses to use an incentive spirometer following major abdominal surgery. Which of the following actions is the nurse's priority?

Determine the reasons why the client is refusing to use the incentive spirometer.
The first action the nurse should take when using the nursing process is to assess the client; therefore, the priority action for the nurse to take is to determine why the c

A nurse manager is preparing to review medication documentation with a group of newly licensed nurses. Which of the following statements should the nurse manager plan to include in the teaching?

Use the complete name of the medication magnesium sulfate."
The Institute for Safe Medication Practices designates that nurses and providers write the complete medication name for magnesium sulfate when documenting medications to avoid any misinterpretat

A nurse is responding to a call light and finds a client lying on the bathroom floor. Which acton should the nurse take first?

Check the client for injuries.
The first action the nurse should take when using the nursing process is to assess the client for injuries.

A nurse on a medical-surgical unit is caring for a client who has a new prescription for wrist restraints. Which of the following should the nurse take?

Pad the client's wrist before applying the restraints.
The use of restraints without padding can abrade the client's skin, resulting in client injury.

A home health nurse is performing a follow-up visit for a client who has a gastrostomy tube through which they receive intermittent feedings and medications. The client has recently developed diarrhea. Which of the following findings should the nurse iden

The client's caregiver washes out the feeding bag with warm water once every 24 hr.
Feeding bags should be washed out after each feeding and replaced with a new feeding bag every 24 hr to prevent bacterial contamination. The nurse should reinforce this in

A nurse in a provider's office is assessing the deep tendon reflexes of a client. Which of the following images should the nurse identify as indicating the correct technique for eliciting the client's patellar reflex?

Pictures - Patella.
The nurse should identify this image as assessing the client's patellar reflex. To elicit the expected response of lower leg extension, the nurse should allow the client's legs to hang freely over the side of the examination table whil

A nurse is caring for a client who is postoperative. When the nurse prepares to change her dressing, she says, "Every time you change my bandage, it hurts so much." Which of the following interventions is the nurse's priority action?

Administer pain medication 45 min before changing the client's dressing.
The priority action the nurse should take when using Maslow's hierarchy of needs is to meet the client's physiological need for comfort and pain relief. Therefore, the priority inter

A nurse is caring for a client who has diarrhea due to shigella. Which of the following precautions should the nurse implement?

Wear a gown when caring for the client.
The nurse should implement contact precautions for a client who has shigella to prevent the transmission of the bacteria. The nurse should wear a gown when providing care for a client who requires contact precaution

A nurse is administering 1 L of 0.9% sodium chloride to a client who is postoperative and has fluid volume deficit. Which of the following changes should the nurse identify as an indication that the treatment was successful?

Decrease in heart rate
Fluid volume deficit causes tachycardia. With correction of the imbalance, the heart rate should return to the expected range.

A nurse is preparing to administer an injection of an opioid medication to a client. The nurse draws out 1 mL of the medication from a 2 mL vial. Which of the following actions should the nurse take?

Ask another nurse to observe the medication wastage.
A second nurse must witness the disposal of any portion of a dose of a controlled substance.

A client has a sodium level of 125 mEq/L. Which finding should the nurse expect?

Abdominal cramping
This client has hyponatremia, which is a low sodium level. Manifestations include abdominal cramping, weakness, confusion, lethargy, headache, and nausea.

A nurse is preparing an education program for staff about advocacy. Which of the following information should the nurse include?

Advocacy ensures clients' safety, health, and rights.
Advocacy is a key component of professional nurses' code of ethics. As a client advocate, the nurse ensures clients' safety, health, and rights, including the right to privacy, confidentiality, and ref

A nurse is caring for a client who has an aggressive form of prostate cancer. The provider briefly discusses treatment options and leaves the client's room. When the nurse asks if the client would like to discuss any concerns, the client declines. Which o

I am available to talk if you should change your mind."
When a client does not wish to share his feelings with the nurse, it is important for the nurse to convey a willingness to be available for the client.

A nurse is assessing a client's readiness to learn about insulin self-administration. Which of the following statements should the nurse identify as an indication that the client is ready to learn?

I can concentrate best in the morning."
The client's statement indicates a readiness to learn because he is verbalizing the best time for him to learn.

A nurse is caring for a client who asks about the purpose of advance directives. Which of the following statements should the nurse make?

They indicate the form of treatment a client is willing to accept in the event of a serious illness."
Advance directives include a living will, which permits clients to direct the treatment they will receive in the event of a medical emergency or serious

A nurse is assessing four adult clients. Which of the following physical assessment techniques should the nurse use?

Ensure the bladder of the blood pressure cuff surrounds 80% of the client's arm.
The nurse should use a blood pressure cuff with a bladder that surrounds 80% of the client's arm circumference to give an accurate reading.

A client who is postoperative is verbalizing pain as a 2 on a pain scale 0 to 10. Which of the following statement should the nurse identify as an indication that the client understands the preoperative teaching she received about pain management?

It might help me to listen to music while I'm lying in bed."
Listening to music is an effective nonpharmacological intervention for the management of mild pain.