Amalgam or Alloy

a mixture of two or more metals

Composite, Resin, Glass Ionomer

aesthetic non-metal restorative material


aesthetic material used to fill pit and fissures. Typically used in caries prevention protocols

Gold Foil

restorative material of pure gold used to fill small lesions. Older material which is rarely used today


Sedative material used for immediate restoration to protect tooth until a permanent restoration is placed

Defective Margins or Irregularities

over hanging, deficient margin, open margin.

Overhanging Margin

a restoration that does not conform to the contour of the tooth, resulting in excess restorative material "hanging" beyond the ideal margin

Deficient Margin

a restoration that is under contoured, resulting in a deficiency between the restoration and the tooth; undercut

Open Margin

a restoration that does not conform to the tooth, leaving a gap between the restoration and the tooth

Root Canal

endodontic procedure that removes diseased pulpal tissue and replacing it with restorative materials

Porcelain Fused-to-Metal

crown made of metal with porcelain overlayed. May be partially or completely overlayed with porcelain. May be fabricated as part of a bridge

Full Gold

crown cast of gold

Fixed Partial Denture (Bridge)

replaces one or more missing teeth, secured by the adjacent teeth Pontic -the missing tooth; the "span" of the bridge Abutment -the adjacent supporting teeth of the bridge.

Stainless Steel

Stainless Steel or Aluminum crown. Typically used as a temporary or for deciduous dentition


gold or porcelain cast; covers the surface of the tooth within the boundaries of a tapered cavity prep


gold or porcelain cast restoration that covers the occlusal surfaces of the tooth beyond the incline planes and over the cusp tips.


metal device placed in the alveolar bone that replaces a missing tooth or teeth

Fixed Orthodontic Retainer

a non-removable, cemented device used to stabilize orthodontic therapy Veneer-a crown cast with a thin layer or "veneer" of ceramic material


early caries


caries that occurs next to or underneath and existing restoration

Interproximal or Proximal

surfaces between the teeth

Mesial, Distal, Lingual, Occlusal, Buccal, Facial, Incisal

surfaces of the teeth

Smooth Surface

caries on the smooth surfaces of the teeth. Typically the outer layer of the enamel or dentin


caries in the cervical area or gingival 1/3 of the tooth

Pit & Fissure

caries that occurs on occlusal surfaces that develops within the deep pits and fissures


areas of weakened tooth surface, as a result of the initiation of caries


infection of the tooth or soft tissue


tooth or portion of the tooth that has been broken or fractured


tooth that needs to be removed


unerupted tooth, which is has been prevented from moving into its intended location in the oral cavity. May be obstructed by another tooth, pathology or other anomaly; may be misdirected.

Partially Erupted

a tooth that have partially erupted. Portions of the tooth may be seen in the oral cavity

Rotated (torsoversion)

tooth that is turned one direction of another from its natural position in the dental arch


tooth that is tipped toward the buccal or facial


tooth that is tipped toward the lingual


tooth that has shifted in the arch, typically into a space of a missing tooth


extra tooth


(incisal)-wear on the incisal edge


wear at the cervical area

RCT needed

root canal therapy needed or indicated

Sealant needed

sealant needed to prevent caries