TBS Phase IV Exam

Explain the sequencing of ship to shore planning and define what product defines movement sequencing.

-Planning -starts from the issuance of an order and ends with the embarkation of the landing force. The planning phase is the only phase in which the Commander, Amphibious Task Force (CATF) and Commander, Landing Force (CLF) are co-equal.
-Embarkation the

Amphibious demonstration

An amphibious operation conducted to deceive the enemy by a show of force with the expectation of deluding the enemy into a course of action unfavorable to him

Amphibious assault

The principal type of amphibious operation; involves establishing a force on a hostile or potentially hostile shore

Amphibious withdrawal

An amphibious operation involving the extraction of forces by sea in naval ships or craft from a hostile or potentially hostile shore

Amphibious raid

A limited type of amphibious operation; is a landing from the sea on a hostile or potentially hostile shore involving a swift incursion into, or a temporary occupation of, an objective followed by a planned withdrawal. Raids are conducted to:
Inflict loss

ASCOPE

Area
Structures
Capabilities
Organizations
People
Events

ASCOPE: Areas

These are areas that have significance to the local population. As planners we must examine tribal boundaries, religious and political influences, and the physical location of local centers of business, religion, and politics in order to guide us in the a

ASCOPE: Structures

Planners for urban operations must understand the impact of particular physical structures in an assigned area. While hospitals and mosques might quickly come to mind as politically and culturally sensitive structures, such locations as schools, monuments

ASCOPE: Capabilities

These are the functions and services that local authorities provide. Examples include courts, hospitals, police, firefighters, and things as basic as drinking water and sanitization. We may use the local police to assist us, or coordinate for firefighting

ASCOPE: Organizations

People with a shared interest or goal make up organizations. These can be religious groups, criminal organizations, foreign nongovernmental organizations, or a host of other entities. We will support some and eliminate others, but we must first identify h

ASCOPE: People

Key individuals in any area must be considered as important as key terrain. These people's support or opposition can affect our mission. Marine leaders will interact with tribal, religious, or political leaders who can influence the population.

ASCOPE: Events

Each culture maintains key dates that are important to them for different reasons. We have seen how particular dates or calendar events can be connected to a rise in insurgent activity in Iraq. This is not an isolated phenomenon and can be expected in any

Four Phases of Urban Assault

RISS
Recon
Isolate
Secure a foothold
Seize the Objective

SOSR

in the "Secure a foothold" phase of an urban assault, also comes SOSR- a guideline for gaining a foothold. A proficient unit will Suppress, Obscure, Secure a local breach site, and then reduce whatever obstacle exists.

proper breaching fundamentals with regard to SOSR.

We use the acronym SOSR as a guideline for gaining a foothold. A proficient unit will Suppress, Obscure, Secure a local breach site, and then reduce whatever obstacle exists.

Explain the role(s) of the Assault, Support, and Security units in an urban environment. Offensive task organization

1. Assault Unit. The purpose of the assault unit is to kill, capture, or force the withdrawal of the enemy from an urban objective. The assault unit of a company/ platoon/ squad may consist of one or more platoons/ squads or fire teams usually reinforced

Explain the concept of the Three Block War and expand on each block.

Urban Operations and the Spectrum of Conflict. The phrase "3-Block War" was coined by Gen Charles C. Krulak to describe the various missions or situations that Marines may face when conducting operations in urban areas. The three blocks describe different

3 Blocks in urban war

Block One-Humanitarian Operations. Host Nation Control. Stable Environment. Restrictive RulesOf Engagement (ROE)
Block Two Counter-Insurgency Operations. Limited Host Nation Control. Unstable Environment. Increased Force Protection.
Block Three High inten

Explain the Systems Approach to Training (SAT) and define subcomponent parts.

URP is the use of SAT and Marine Corps training principles in a manner that maximizes training results and focuses unit training priorities on the wartime mission
SAT assists commanders in identifying critical warfighting tasks, both for the individual un

Five Phases to Unit Readiness

Analysis
Design
Development Phase
Implementation Phase
Evaluation Phase

-Understand different types of reporting occasions, and be prepared to explain what situation corresponds to what occasion.

-Sergeants through Colonels required fitness reports for: Grade change, CMC directed, Change of Reporting Senior, Transfer, Change of Duty, To Temporary Duty, From Temporary Duty, End of Service, Change in Status, Annual, Semianual, Reserve Training

-Understand criteria for observed vs. non-observed fitness reports.

-Observed reports for all reporting occasions covering 90 days or longer
-Observed reports covering 31 days or longer for Lieutenants who have completed their primary MOS school and From Temporary Duty Reports.
-Non-observed when the RS has insufficient o

-Explain how awards are annotated in fitness reports.

Marked Commendatory and then

-Explain under what circumstances a Marine can be marked "F" or G" on a Fitrep.

The scaled measures "F" and "G" describe exceptional, sustained performance throughout the reporting period.

-Explain how relief should be annotated in a fitness report.

-The RO, acting as the RS, will complete a Change of Reporting Senior (CH) report on all affected Marines and forward the reports for review to the next senior officer in the reporting chain.

-Be prepared to explain when, specifically, Marines are or are not eligible for certain awards.

Personal/Military Decorations-a Military decoration (personal award) is an award bestowed on an individual for a specific act or acts of gallantry or meritorious service. (Combat Action Ribbon and Purple Heart require Commandant approval)
Unit Awards-unit

-Be familiar with consistent language that begins award citations.

-CoC of award: Recommending Officer, recipient's CoC, approving authority.
-Each intermediate level of the chain of command must endorse an award recommendation with either
(1) recommend approval;
(2) recommend approve a lower award;
(3) recommend a highe

-Explain Article 31 rights and how they are administered.

An Article 31(b), UCMJ Warning is a rights advisement required before questioning a military suspect/accused regarding the commission of an offense under the UCMJ

-Explain and define non-punitive measures within the scope of military law.

Nonpunitive measures are corrective measures/leadership tools that are designed to overcome noted deficiencies in a unit or an individual and are not imposed as a punishment. Nonpunitive measures include: -Informal and formal counseling.-Extra military in

Explain the types of incidents that require Command Investigations.

CIs are likely to be the appropriate investigative tool for incidents involving: aircraft mishaps; explosions; ship stranding or flooding; fires; loss of government funds or property; firearm accidents; security violations; injury to servicemembers, where

-Explain how charges are preferred under the UCMJ.

Prefer. To formally accuse a military member, under oath, of an offense under
the UCMJ. When the accuser swears to charges, he or she is said to have
"preferred" charges. The accuser:
Swears that there is sufficient information available to believe there

-Explain how charges are initiated.

To bring or report an allegation concerning an offense to the attention of military authorities. Charges may be initiated by any:
o Person, civilian or military.
o Means: letter, hotline complaint, telephone call, log book entry, etc.

Explain the unique Task Organization for a mounted patrol during motorized operations and the roles/responsibilities of each unit.

Lead security unit -
Main body
Rear security unit

The Lead Sec Unit (Convoy)

provides security to the front and flanks of roughly the first half of the convoy and is usually tasked to "screen to the front.

the Rear Sec Unit (Convoy)

provides security to the rear and flanks of roughly the second half of the convoy and is, therefore, tasked to "screen to the rear.

The Main Body (Convoy)

consists of the vehicles that are actually transporting the personnel/cargo that make up the mission and is most often tasked to "protect" that cargo. The Main Body vehicles should be located within the middle of the convoy and will supplement flank secur

Explain the elements of a Scheme of Maneuver for motorized operations.

Task Organization:
Lead security unit
Main body
Rear security unit
Distribution of Forces
Lead security unit? SE1
Main body ? ME
Rear security unit ?SE2
Route
Primary and alternate
Movement Formations
Open column, closed column
TCMs
Checkpoints
Rally poin

Ways to reduce individuals' vulnerability to terrorism

-Stay alert and understand your surroundings (Condition yellow)
-Keep a low profile
-Dont wear uniform or "Ugly American" Clothes
-Avoid riots Civil Disturbances
-Vary methods of transportation/Routes
-Dont Go out alone (especially in foreign ports)
-Avoi

Explain how awards are annotated in fitness reports.

the receipt of an award by a Marine (Sergeant, Staff Noncommissioned Officer [SNCO] or officer) requires a directed comment on the next fitness report, and thus may play a role in promotion or retention.

Pro/Con Occasions

OCCASIONS REGULAR RESERVE
Transfer TR TR
Assignment to Active Duty (Reserve)
Assignment to Involuntary Active Duty (Reserve)
Release from Active Duty
Release from EAD, AR, etc. (Reserve)
Completion of Initial Skill Training
Completion of recruit training

Pro/Con average

4.0-4.4
No offenses. No unfavorable impressions as to attitude, interests, cooperation, obedience, after-effects of intemperance, courtesy and consideration, and observance of regulations.

Fitrep average

depends on the RS/RO Average

Forms of punishment

Appendix B

amphibious operation

is a military expeditionary operation launched from the sea by an amphibious force embarked in ships or craft with the primary purpose of introducing a landing force ashore in hostile or potentially hostile area(s) to accomplish an assigned mission. An am

Purposes of amphib ops

Prosecute further combat ops ashore
Obtain a site for advance naval, land, or air base
Deny the EN use of an area
Fix EN forces and attention, providing opportunities for other ops

Seven proactive steps for AT/FP

Threat analysis
Critical and vulnerability assessment (determine key assets)
Operations security
Personnel security
Physical security
Awareness education and training
Planning Crisis Management
The final area is reactive:Performing crisis management count