Unit 1: Quiz 1

Ian Pavlov pioneered the study of:

learning

Debates as to whether alcohol abuse is biologically determined or culturally influenced are most relevant to the issue of:

nature versus nurture

A unified understanding of the explanations provided by the neuroscience, cognitive, social-cultural, and other perspectives in psychology is most clearly provided by:

a biopsychosocial approach

Inherited traits are to learned habits as the ______________ perspective is to the ______________ perspective.

evolutionary, behavioral

Which perspective would be most relevant to understanding the role of spaced practice on long-term memory of information?

cognitive

Basic research on persistent human traits like optimism and pessimism is most characteristic of the specialty known as _____________ psychology.

personality

Professor Thurstone conducts basic research to investigate whether a teacher's negative perceptions of some students can affect the students' subsequent academic performance. Professor Thurstone is most likely a __________ psychologist.

social

In debating origins of knowledge, Plato and Aristotle disagreed about the relative importance of:

nature and nurture

Edward Titchener used the research method known as:

psychoanalysis

Which research method was introduced by structuralists to identify basic elements of sensory experience?

introspection

Which school of psychology was most clearly concerned with the adaptive value of complex mental processes?

functionalism

Wilhelm Wundt was both a:

physiologist and philosopher

The growth potential of healthy people was emphasized by:

humanistic psychology

Which of the following perspectives focuses on how behavior springs from unconcious drives and conflicts?

psychodynamic

A focus on the different marriage rituals practiced by members of different ethnic groups is of most relevance to the ______________ perspective.

social-cultural

Professor Helms conducts basic research on the progressive changes in infants' perceptual skills during the first year of life. Professor Helms is most likely a ________________ psychologist.

developmental

The importance of inherited behavioral traits was most clearly highlighted by:

Darwin

What early philosopher believed that the mind is a blank slate before environmental experiences write their story?

John Locke

Which view of psychology emphasized the study of mental processes alone?

structuralism

Which psychologist helped bring together the views of psychology as a science of behavior and a science of mental processes?

Jean Piaget