Scientific American: Psychology: Therapies Flashcards

Biomedical Therapies

Uses medication (or medical tx- surgery) to treat psychological
disorders Organic cause= Organic cure

Psychotherapy Therapies

Uses psychological techniques to treat emotional, behavioral and
interpersonal problems.

Types of insight therapies

PsychodynamicHumanisticGestalt

Freudian

Psychodynamic; focuses on a child hood experience as the cause of a problem

Free Association

Psychodynamic; Look for recurring themes, unrelated remarks, pauses
or topic changes

Dream Analysis

Psychodynamic; The unconscious comes out

Manifest content

Actual dream images

Latent Content

The true hidden, unconscious meaning of the dream;

Resistance

Unconsciously forgetting/putting off therapy appt

Transference

When a patient unconsciously response therapist was an important to
therapist as if their therapist was an important person in his/her life.

Humanistic

Insight Therapy; We are all capable of leading normal lives and
attaining self actualization

Person/Client-Centered Therapy

Humanistic; (Rogers); uses UPR (unconditional positive response)

Non-Directive

Humanistic; Therapists is a facilitator. Therapist helps you, help yourself.

Gestalt

(directive); Emphasis on the present and patients taking
responsibility for their feelings; thoughts, actions
Helping people realize things and let them go.

People Harbor

Gestalt; We hold on to angry feelings and resentment
Helping people realize things and let them go.

Relationship Therapies

Focus on individuals as well as those close to the person

Interpersonal Therapies

Brief therapy shown effective for depression. Designed specifically
to help in certain circumstances.

Couple & Family

Therapists play close attention to how the people interact, how they communicate.

Successfully used to treat eating disorders and substance abuse

Interpersonal Therapy

Shown effective for schizophrenia patients and families

Couple and Family therapy

Group Therapy

Several patients, one or more therapists; can share feelings, get a
sense of belonging, get advice from those who have/are experiencing
the same thing.

Beneficial in adolescent drug use

Couple and Family therapy

Relationship Therapies

Interpersonal Therapy
Couple and Family Therapy
Group Therapy

Behavioral Therapies

Based on learning- bad/abnormal behavior was learned

Behavioral Therapies

Behavior Modification-operant
Behavioral Modification- classical
Exposure Therapies

Cognitive Therapies

Rational-Emotive Therapy (RET)
Cognitive Therapy
Cognitive-behavioral Therapy