gross departure from reality
sensory experiences in the absence of sensory input(hearing voices,
strong inaccurate beliefs that persist in the face of evidence to the contrary
most people that have psychosis experience:
both delusions and hallucinations
positive symptom of schizophrenia
distortions or exaggerations of normal behavior
active manifestations of abnormal behavior(hallucinations)
negative symptom of schizophrenia
absence of normal behavior
disorganized symptoms of schizophrenia
erratic speech, emotions, and behavior
delusions of grandeur
belief in ones own specialness. Talking to Jesus, or is Jesus
delusions of persecution
the thought that "someone is out to get me
What does the "positive" in the positive symptom cluster mean?
Positive stands for additional experiences on top normal experiences
that people have
lack of initiation and persistence
what is the time frame of symptoms for a person to be diagnosed with schizophrenia.
more than six months
psychotic symptoms lasting from 1-6 months . people usually have
pretty good functioning.
symptoms of schizophrenia with mood episodes(manic or depressive)
what is extremely characteristic of schizoaffective disorder?
the psychotic symptoms must occur outside the mood disturbances. If
the person only experiences psychosis when they have the mood
disturbance, than it is bipolar /mdd with psychosis.
person only has delusions, and has a better prognosis than scizophrenia
unusual motor responses,particularly immobility or agitation, and odd mannerisms
what is characteristic of brief psychotic disorder?
it last less than one month. and only addresses the positive symptoms
how much of the population of the population is affected by schizophrenia?
recovering from schizophrenia
complete recovery is very rare
what does schizophrenia have an increased risk for?
suicide, accident, poor self care
what role does family play in schizophrenia?
if the family is critical , it can increase the risk of developing
and of relapse.
what characterizes schizophrenia?
delusions, hallucinations, erratic speech
All of the above
what is the outlook of a schizophrenic diagnosis
complete recovery is very rare
what percent of the population is schizophrenic?
what are the symptom of psychosis?
hallucinations and delusions
excess in addition to normal behaviors
deficit in normal behaviors
what are the central symptoms of adhd?
inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity
number 1 reason that children are referred to mental health services
what is the chance that a family with one autistic child will have another
what is specific learning disorder
performance subpar based on age, IQ , and demonstrated capacity
what range of ID is a person with an IQ of 60?
how was delirium and dementia categorized
organic then cognitive
how did the dsm perspective change when discussing neuro cognitve disorders
they were classified as organic, then changed to cognitive
What are the central features of delirium
impaired consciousness and cognition
how does delirium develop
rapidly over several hours or days
who develops neurovascular disorders more often
what is the leading cause of major neurocognitive disorder?
what is agnosia
difficulty remembering or naming things
what is the new DSM-V term for dementia?
major neurocognitve disorder
how do more educated people fare in terms of an alzheimer's diagnosis?
More educated people develop alzheimers later, but tend to decline
much more rapidly
what percent of neurocognitive disorder is related to alzheimers
are men or women more prone to alzheimers
Does a diagnosis of parkinsons mean a person will also develop alzheimers?
no, not all people with parkinsons disease develop alzheimers
what is the meaning of subcortical
in what disease does dementia follow a subcortical pattern?
do psychosocial factors cause dementia directly
how do psychosocial factors affect dementia
they can influence the onset and course
what are examples of lifestyle factors
drug use, diet , exercise, stress.
what are some psychosocail factors
educational attainment, coping skills, and social support
what are the aims of psychosocial treatments
enhance the lives of patients and their families
teach compensatory skills
what is a memory enhancement device?
psychosocial treatment for neurocognitive disorder. One example is a
how can cognitive stimulation help with neurocognitive disorders
it can delay some of the more severe symptoms of neurocognitive disorders
what are patients rights
patients rights as an individual
patients individuals safety
society's right to safety and security
when a person can be declared to have a mental illness and be placed
in a hospital for treatment
general criteria for civil commitment
person has mental needs and needs treatment
person has to be dangerous to self or others or
person is gravely disables, or has inability to care for oneself
what is the governmental authority over civil commitment
police power ,parens patriae
what is police power
health , welfare, safety of society
what is parens patriae
state acts as a surrogate parent
what is important to remember about violence and those living with
the vast majority of those living with mental illness never become violent
how often is the insanity defense
in less than one percent of cases
what is significant about the guilty but mentally ill charge?
it allows for treatment as well as punishment for a crime
what are a patients rights when discussing crimes committed?
the right to refuse treatment(medical or drug)
person cannot be forced to take medication to be made competent for trial
what right do research participants have?
The right to the manuscripts form the study, or the outcomes of the study