gross departure from reality


sensory experiences in the absence of sensory input(hearing voices,
smelling colors,...etc)


strong inaccurate beliefs that persist in the face of evidence to the contrary

most people that have psychosis experience:

both delusions and hallucinations

positive symptom of schizophrenia

distortions or exaggerations of normal behavior
active manifestations of abnormal behavior(hallucinations)

negative symptom of schizophrenia

absence of normal behavior

disorganized symptoms of schizophrenia

erratic speech, emotions, and behavior

delusions of grandeur

belief in ones own specialness. Talking to Jesus, or is Jesus

delusions of persecution

the thought that "someone is out to get me

What does the "positive" in the positive symptom cluster mean?

Positive stands for additional experiences on top normal experiences
that people have

avoliton (apathy)

lack of initiation and persistence

what is the time frame of symptoms for a person to be diagnosed with schizophrenia.

more than six months

schizophrenic disorder

psychotic symptoms lasting from 1-6 months . people usually have
pretty good functioning.

schizoaffective disorder

symptoms of schizophrenia with mood episodes(manic or depressive)

what is extremely characteristic of schizoaffective disorder?

the psychotic symptoms must occur outside the mood disturbances. If
the person only experiences psychosis when they have the mood
disturbance, than it is bipolar /mdd with psychosis.

delusional disorder

person only has delusions, and has a better prognosis than scizophrenia


unusual motor responses,particularly immobility or agitation, and odd mannerisms

what is characteristic of brief psychotic disorder?

it last less than one month. and only addresses the positive symptoms

how much of the population of the population is affected by schizophrenia?


recovering from schizophrenia

complete recovery is very rare

what does schizophrenia have an increased risk for?

suicide, accident, poor self care

what role does family play in schizophrenia?

if the family is critical , it can increase the risk of developing
and of relapse.

what characterizes schizophrenia?

delusions, hallucinations, erratic speech
All of the above

what is the outlook of a schizophrenic diagnosis

complete recovery is very rare

what percent of the population is schizophrenic?


what are the symptom of psychosis?

hallucinations and delusions

positive symptoms

excess in addition to normal behaviors

negative symptoms

deficit in normal behaviors

what are the central symptoms of adhd?

inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity

number 1 reason that children are referred to mental health services


what is the chance that a family with one autistic child will have another


what is specific learning disorder

performance subpar based on age, IQ , and demonstrated capacity

what range of ID is a person with an IQ of 60?


how was delirium and dementia categorized

organic then cognitive

how did the dsm perspective change when discussing neuro cognitve disorders

they were classified as organic, then changed to cognitive

What are the central features of delirium

impaired consciousness and cognition

how does delirium develop

rapidly over several hours or days

who develops neurovascular disorders more often


what is the leading cause of major neurocognitive disorder?


what is agnosia

difficulty remembering or naming things

what is the new DSM-V term for dementia?

major neurocognitve disorder

how do more educated people fare in terms of an alzheimer's diagnosis?

More educated people develop alzheimers later, but tend to decline
much more rapidly

what percent of neurocognitive disorder is related to alzheimers


are men or women more prone to alzheimers


Does a diagnosis of parkinsons mean a person will also develop alzheimers?

no, not all people with parkinsons disease develop alzheimers

what is the meaning of subcortical

later on

in what disease does dementia follow a subcortical pattern?

huntingtons disease

do psychosocial factors cause dementia directly


how do psychosocial factors affect dementia

they can influence the onset and course

what are examples of lifestyle factors

drug use, diet , exercise, stress.

what are some psychosocail factors

educational attainment, coping skills, and social support

what are the aims of psychosocial treatments

enhance the lives of patients and their families
teach compensatory skills

what is a memory enhancement device?

psychosocial treatment for neurocognitive disorder. One example is a
memory wallet

how can cognitive stimulation help with neurocognitive disorders

it can delay some of the more severe symptoms of neurocognitive disorders

what are patients rights

patients rights as an individual
patients individuals safety
society's right to safety and security

civil commitment

when a person can be declared to have a mental illness and be placed
in a hospital for treatment

general criteria for civil commitment

person has mental needs and needs treatment
person has to be dangerous to self or others or
person is gravely disables, or has inability to care for oneself

what is the governmental authority over civil commitment

police power ,parens patriae

what is police power

health , welfare, safety of society

what is parens patriae

state acts as a surrogate parent

what is important to remember about violence and those living with
mental illnes

the vast majority of those living with mental illness never become violent

how often is the insanity defense

in less than one percent of cases

what is significant about the guilty but mentally ill charge?

it allows for treatment as well as punishment for a crime

what are a patients rights when discussing crimes committed?

the right to refuse treatment(medical or drug)
person cannot be forced to take medication to be made competent for trial

what right do research participants have?

The right to the manuscripts form the study, or the outcomes of the study