Psychology Chapters 13 and 14 Flashcards

Characterized by excessive, global, and persistent symptoms of anxiety

generalized anxiety disorder (free-floating anxiety)

A person experiences frequent and unexpected panic attacks

panic disorder

Sudden episode of extreme anxiety that rapidly escalates in intensity

panic attack

Extreme and irrational fear of experiencing a panic attack in public
situation and being unable to escape or get help


People with panic disorder are not only oversensitive to physical
sensations, they also tend to catastrophes meaning of their experience

Catastrophic cognitions theory

A strong or irrational fear or something, usually a specific object
or situation


Extreme or irrational fear of being embarrassed, judged, or
scrutinized by others in social situations

social anxiety disorder

Chronic and persistent symptoms of anxiety develop in response to an
extreme physical or psychological trauma

Post-traumatic stress disorder

A disorder in which symptoms of anxiety are triggered by intrusive
repetitive thoughts, and urges to perform certain actions

Obsessive-Compulsive disorder

Repeated, intrusive, and uncontrollable irrational thought or mental
images that cause extreme anxiety and distress


Repetitive behaviors or mental acts that are performed to prevent or
reduce anxiety


Characterized by extreme and persistent feelings of discrepancy,
worthlessness, and helplessness

Major depressions

a mood disorder in which episodes of depression typically occur
during the fall/winter (least amount of sunlight) and subside during
spring and summer

Seasonal affective disorder

Chronic, low-grade feelings of depressions that produce subjective
discomfort but do not seriously impair the ability to function

Persistent depressive disorder

A mood disorder involving periods of incapacitating depression
alternating with periods of extreme euphoria and excitement

Bipolar disorder

Characterized by moderate but frequent mood swings for 2 years or
longer. The mood swings are not severe enough to qualify as bipolar disorder

cyclothymic disorder

troubling thoughts, feelings, or behaviors that cause psychological
discomfort or interfere with a person's ability to function

psychological disorder

parent-child conflicts, unhappy marriage

troubled relationships

death of a loved one, dissolving marriage, adjustment to retirement

life transitions

asumes psychological factors play a significant role in a person's
emotional, behavioral, and interpersonal problems


assumes biological factors play a significant role in a person's
emotional, behavioral, and interpersonal problems

biomedical therapies

focuses on current rather than past relationships, interpersonal
problems seen as core of psychological symptoms

interpersonal therapy

the therapist is non directive and reflective, and the client directs
the focus of each therapy session

client-centered therapy

focuses on directly changing behavior patterns by using basic
learning principles and techniques

behavior therapy

relatively ineffective type of therapy that involves repeatedly
pairing an aversive stimulus with occurrence of undesirable behaviors
or thoughts

aversive conditioning

system of straightening desired behaviors through positive
reinforcement in a very strutted environment

token economy