Psychology Exam 3

Bruce wants to be a loving husband but at the same time wants to express his disgust for some of his partner's habits. According to Freud, Bruce's _________ might enable him to partially satisfy both desires.
a. ego
b. superego
c. collective unconscious


According to Freud, the component of our personality that balances the desires of the id against the realities of our social environment is the
a. libido
b. collective unconscious
c. ego
d. superego


Freud believed that ________ are the "royal road to the unconscious".
a. dreams
b. erogenous zones
c. projective tests
d. psychosexual stages


Freud referred to a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage as
a. displacement
b. projection
c. fixation
d. repression


When 2-year-old Matthew was told he would get no dessert until he finished the food on his plate, he threw his plate on the floor in a temper tantrum. Freud would have suggested that Matthew was unable to resist the demands of his
a. oedipus complex
b. eg


Which of the following techniques did Freud use to discover the latent content of his patients' dreams?
a. fixation
b. the Rorschach inkblots
c. projective testing
d. free association

free association

Freud emphasized that emotional healing is associated with the
a. projection of repressed fears
b. recovery of repressed memories
c. fixation of repressed sexual desires
d. displacement of repressed hostilities
recovery of repressed memories.

recovery of repressed memories

Ego is to id as _________ is to ___________.
a. regression; repression
b. unconscious; conscious
c. reality principle; pleasure principle
d. biology; morality

reality principle; pleasure principle

According to Freud, the component of our personality that provides us with a sense of pride, shame, or guilt as a consequence of our behavior is the
a. superego
b. ego
c. id
d. collective unconscious


By professional training, Freud was a
a. sociologist
b. philosopher
c. physician
d. psychologist


The defense mechanism by which people disguise threatening impulses by attributing them to others is called
a. displacement
b. projection
c. reaction formation
d. fixation


Freud suggested that the remembered events and images in our dreams were a censored expression of the dream's
a. latent content
b. psychosexual stages
c. reality principle
d. collective unconscious

latent content

According to psychoanalytic theory, the part of the personality that strives for immediate and maximum gratification of basic drives is the
a. id
b. collective unconscious
c. ego
d. super ego


Contemporary psychodynamic theorists are most likely to disagree with Freud's assumption that
a. sexual drives are central to personality development.
b. much of our mental functioning is unconscious.
c. childhood experiences influence our adult relations

sexual drives are central to personality development

Freud's theory of personality has been criticized because it
a. is overly reliant upon observations derived from Freud's use of projective tests
b. underestimates the importance of biological contributions to personality development
c. is contradicted by

offers few testable predictions that allow one to determine its validity

When 16-year-old Hafez received a large inheritance from his grandfather, he was tempted to purchase an expensive new car. He decided, instead, to deposit all the money into a savings account for his college education. Hafez shows signs of a
a. weak super

strong ego

The concept of personality most clearly embodies the notion of:
a. self-consciousness
b. self-actualization
c. moral integrity
d. behavioral consistency

behavioral consistency

A psychotherapist instructs Dane to relax, close his eyes, and state aloud whatever thoughts come to mind no matter how trivial or absurd. The therapist is using a technique known as
a. displacement
b. free association
c. fixation
d. hypnosis

free association

Neo-Freudian personality theorists were most likely to disagree with Freud about the importance of
a. childhood sexual instincts
b. anxiety and defense mechanisms
c. distinguishing among the id, ego, and superego
d. the unconscious dynamics of underlying

childhood sexual instincts

Contemporary psychodynamic theorists assume that early childhood experiences with caregivers have long-term consequences for our
a. collective unconscious
b. erogenous zones
c. Electra complex
d. attachment styles

attachment styles

Survivors' memories of Nazi death camp experiences most clearly challenge Freud's concept of
a. repression
b. fixation
c. the Oedipus complex
d. motivational conflict


Janine is repulsed by the thought of watching a pornographic video. Freud would have attributed these feelings to Janine's
a. id
b. ego
c. inferiority complex
d. superego


According to Freud, defense mechanisms are used by the
a. id, ego, and superego in a repetitive sequence of internal conflicts
b. id to defend against the accusations and guilt feelings produced by the superego
c. superego to prevent expression of sexual

ego to prevent threatening impulses from being consciously recognized

According to Freud, the unconscious is
a. the thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories, of which we are largely unaware
b. a set of universal concepts acquired by all humans from our common past
c. a reservoir of deeply repressed memories that does not af

the thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories, of which we are largely unaware

When 2-year-old Matthew was told he would get no dessert until he finished the food on his plate, he threw his plate on the floor in a temper tantrum. Freud would have suggested that Matthew was unable to resist the demands of his
a. id
b. superego
c. Oed


Freud became interested in unconscious personality dynamics when he noticed that certain patients' symptoms
a. illustrated a reciprocal determinism
b. resulted from the physical abuse they received from their parents during childhood
c. reflected an inter

could not be explained readily in terms of neurological impairments

Free association is central to the process of
a. psychoanalysis
b. factor analysis
c. reciprocal determinism


While Professor Gomez was going through a painful divorce, he tended to create unnecessarily difficult tests and gae his students unusually low grades. A psychoanalyst would be most likely to view the professor's treatment of students as an example of


Freud believed that certain troubling symptoms could be traced to painful unconscious memories. This led him to suspect that these symptoms resulted from
a. genetic defects
b. psychological processes
c. an inferiority complex
d. an internal locus of contr

psychological processes

According to Freud, boys are most likely to experience the Oedipus complex during the _______ stage.
a. anal
b. latency
c. oral
d. phallic


Freud suggested that the process of identification is most directly responsible for the development of
a. the Oedipus complex
b. the superego
c. erogenous zones
d. free association

the superego

According to psychoanalytic theory, boys' fear of castration is most closely associated with
a. learned helplessness
b. free association
c. an oral fixation
d. the Oedipus complex

the Oedipus complex

During the early psychosexual stages, the id's psychic energy is focused on
a. defense mechanisms
b. attributional styles
c. erogenous zones
d. free associations

erogenous zones

Freud suggested that slips of the tongue illustrate an incomplete
a. displacement
b. rationalization
c. repression
d. fixation


Abdul mistakenly believes that his classmates are unusually hostile. In fact, Abdul is the most quarrelsome and aggressive child in the school. According to psychoanalytic theory, Abdul's belief that his classmates is hostile is a
a. reaction formation


No matter how long and hard Lerae studies, she always feels she hasn't studied as much as she should have. A Freudian psychologist would suggest that Lerae shows signs of a
a. strong id
b. weak id
c. weak ego
d. strong superego

strong superego

Which neo-Freudian theorist emphasized the influence of the collective unconscious in personality development?
a. Maslow
b. Horney
c. Jung
d. Adler


According to Freud, the part of personality that represents our sense of right and wrong and our ideal standards is the
a. superego
b. collective unconscious
c. id
d. ego