conversion from Celsius to Fahrenheit
F= (9/5 x Celsius) +32
conversion from Fahrenheit to Celsius
C = 5/9 (Fahrenheit -32)
without a temperature
with a temperature
another word for fever
sign of some disorder within the body
temp that alternates between fever and normal or subnormal reading is called
temp that rises several degrees above normal and returns to normal or near normal is called
fever stays elevated is called
sudden drop in fever to normal temp is called
gradually decline in temp to normal is called
fever that returns to normal for at least a day and then reoccurs is called
used to perform surgical procedures reducing body temp
life-threatening hypothermia requiring immediate treatment
life-threatening temp for hyperthermia
life-threatening temp for hypothermia
oral temp is where
rectal temp is where
axillary temp is where
tympanic temp is where
temporal temp is where
all locations for temps are covered paper or plastic cover except for what site
In taking an oral temp, if the client has smoked, eaten, drank a cold or hot beverage what is the waiting time for taking the temp
should you use oral temp on infants or young children
Should you use oral temps on suicidal clients?
The rectal temp is a highly accurate place for measurement of temperature?
The axillary temp is the least accurate area for temperature recording?
The axillary temperature is used frequently for obtaining temps in newborns?
Tympanic temp measures the thermal radiation given off by the tympanic membrane?
the tympanic membrane blood supply is similar to that of what heat regulating center
the tympanic temp can be measured in how many seconds
The quickest and most non-invasive method for taking a temp is by which method
Temporal Artery Temp (TA)
What color are oral glass thermometers in the clinical setting?
what color are rectal glass thermometers in the clinical setting?
Are mercury glass thermometers used in the clinical settings?
wave of blood that causes pulsations through the arteries is called
how often a person's heart beats per minute is called
abbreviation of heart rate
normal pulse rate of an adult is
normal pulse rate of a newborn ranges
Does the pulse rate increase with fever or an overactive thyroid gland?
1F increase heart rate 10bpm
pulse rate >100 bpm is called
pulse rate < 55-60 bpm is called
pulse volume varies with the blood volume in the arteries, strength of heart contractions and the elasticity of blood vessels
weak or thready pulse can be a sign of what
simultaneous measurement of the apical and the radial pulse is called
irregular in force and rhythm is called what?
feeling with the fingers is caused
listening of sounds with a stethoscope is called?
PMI means what
point of maximal impulse at the apex of the heart
closure of the mitral and biscupid valves causes the first heart sound called what?
closure of the pulmonic valve and the aortic valve causes the second heart sound called?
this pulse site is used in children under 2yrs of age
this measurement is ordered when it is suspected that the client's heart is not effectively pumping blood
apical - radial pulse (A-R)
Is it possible for the apical pulse to be lower than the radial pulse?
pulse felt over the dorsalis pedis is called what?
when assessing pedal pulses should you assess them bilaterally?
pulse located posterior to the knee
pulse on either side of the neck
should you check the carotid arteries bilaterally at the same time?
cessation of breathing is called
normal breathing is called
abnormally rapid >20 breathes per minute is called
abnormally slow breathes fall below <10 breathes is called
this act produced by the equalizing the pressure between the outside atmosphere and the middle ear
sighing or yawning
pressure in increased cerebral pressure on the respiratory center cause the respiratory rate to do what?
poisons in the body in uremia and diabetic coma cause respirations to do what?
normal respiratory rate for newborn
normal respiratory rate for early childhood
normal respiratory rate for late childhood
normal respiratory rate for adult male
normal respiratory rate for adult female
respiration rate below 10 or above 24 breathes per minute is a sign of what?
deep labored respirations seen in diabetic coma is called?
occurs when the air passageway is partially blocked is called
Occurs when air passes through secretions present in the air passages
term for difficult or painful breathing
unable to breath except in an upright position is called
spasms and edema of the bronchi is called
bluish tinge of the skin is called?
bluish color around the lips is called?
slow and shallow with gradual increase and deeper until periods of apnea is what type of breathing disorder?
Cheyne-Stokes respirations usually precede death?
what two factors determine blood pressure (BP)
cardiac output and peripheral resistance
Cardiac Output (CO) is a combination of what?
heart rate and the amount of blood pump on each contraction (stroke volume)
the resistance of blood vessels to the flow of blood is called?
loss of elasticity in the walls of the vessels is called?
build up of plaque in the vessels is called?
if peripheral resistance is increased does the heart have to compensate by the heart pumping harder?
high blood pressure is called?
low blood pressure is called?
systolic pressure is the measure of pressure where in the heart
ventricles on contraction
diastolic pressure is the measure of pressure when the heart is what
Korotokoff's first sound is when the heart is ?
Korotokoff's 5th phase sound is the what pressure
Do not use an arm on an affected side of a client with the following conditions
dialysis, stent or fistula
What is a normal body temp in Fahrenheit
What is a normal body temp in Celsius
Oral temperature is more accurate than axillary and less accurate then rectal?
The rectal temperature is highly accurate because it is placed in an enclosed cavity?
The axillary is the least accurate because the skin surfaces in the axillary space may not come together to form a tight seal?
When the pulse occasionally skips a betat, this irregularity is described as an intermittent or irregular pulse?
The amount of blood pump with each contraction is called?
If peripheral resistance is low, the heart does not have to pump as hard, and blood pressure lowers?
Phase I of the Korotkoff's sounds is the systolic pressure?
Severe drop in BP when the client sits up or stands is called?
orthostatic or postural hypotension