Human Growth & Development

Abstinence

Refraining from sexual activity.

Cesarean Section

Surgical childbirth in which the baby is removed through the abdomen.

Contraception

Any method of preventing conception.

Fertilization

The joining of an ovum and a sperm.

Fetus

The infant developing from conception until birth.

HIV

The virus that causes AIDS.

Monogamous

Having sexual relations with one partner only, usually associated with long term relationships.

Ovulation

The ripening and release of an ovum.

Pap Test

A test for cancer of the cervix.

Postpartum Depression

The emotional depression a mother or father experiences after the birth of an infant.

Shaken Baby Syndrome

A collection of symptoms resulting from violent shaking of an infant or young child.

Sperm

The male cells of reproduction.

Spontaneous Abortion

The expelling of a zygote/embryo/fetus from the uterus not induced by medical means (it happens naturally).

AIDS

Auto immunodeficiency syndrome; a serious disease in which a large number of cells thathlep the body fight infection are destroyed by the hiv virus

Estrogen

A hormone that, in females, regulate the ovulatory cycle.

Epididymis

An elongated organ on the posterior surface of the testis that stores sperm while they mature.

Menstrual Cycle

The cyclic ripening of an ovum and the preparation of the uterus for pregnancy.

Seminal Vesicle

Pouch like glands situated on each side of the male urinary bladder that secretes seminal fluid and nourish and promote the movement of sperm thru the urethra

Refusal Skills (Say No)

A set of skills designed to help students avoid participating in high risk behaviors:("Just say no, use body language, suggest an alternative and build the relationship")

Fallopian Tubes

Part of the female anatomy that transports the egg from the ovary to the uterus

Aggressive behavior

A style of behavior in which you speak or act toward others in a demanding and insulting way

Assertive Behavior

A style of behavior in which you speak honestly about and act appropriately on your needs, feelings, and goals

Child Sexual Abuse

A type of abuse that involves using a child for sexual stimulation

Statutory rape

Sexual activity that occurs between an adult and an adolescent

Sex trafficking

A particular type of human trafficking in which people are forced to engage in sexual activity against their will

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Infections that are transmitted by sexual contact, and are caused by bacteria, viruses, or protozoa that live in and on reproductive organs

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

The most common STI, which infects and causes cells to grow abnormally; can result in genital warts, cervical cancer, and oropharyngeal cancer

Cervical Cancer

A type of cancer in which the cells of the cervix grow abnormally

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

An often fatal disease in which the body's immune system can no longer fight off infections and diseases

Consent

A direct, verbal, non-coerced agreement from someone who is capable of making an informed decision

Sexual Violence

Any sexual activity to which one party did not consent

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

A virus that infects and kills cells, thus weakening the body's immune system; leads to AIDS

Domestic violence

Physically, mentally, or emotionally abusive behavior that occurs within a romantic relationship

Compromise

An arrangement in which each side of a disagreement gives in a little to the other.

Healthy Relationship

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A healthy relationship is when two people develop a connection based on: Mutual respect. Trust. Honesty. Support.

Sexual Health

Sexual health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality. It requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, as well as the possibility of having pleasurable and safe sexual experiences

Consent

Consent means actively agreeing to be sexual with someone. Consent lets someone know that sex is wanted. Sexual activity without consent is rape or sexual assault.

STI

Sexually transmitted infection: any infection that is characteristically transmitted by sexual contact and may either clear up or develop into a sexually transmitted disease (STD).